The field of
has been a fascination since theadvent of computational technologies. To induce life intothe robos, complex and powerful electronic componentsare required. Hence advance knowledge and great fundsare required to build even small robots. These createhurdles to the beginners in this field. These hurdles can beovercome by adopting a new philosophy called
Mark. W. Tilden.
Hereminimal electronics are used and using solar power,miniature creatures are created first from which new prototypes can be evolved. Unlike conventional robos,which use costly
microprocessor controlled architecture,
these have interconnection of elementary circuits called
reconfigurablecentral network oscillator
is utilized for autonomous andindependent operation of components. Further it favorsdevelopment of legged robos. The nervous technology provides (1)
pulse delay circuits
(neurons),interconnected in closed loops, which generate squarewaves and (2)
pulse neutralization circuits.
control thedirection of the motor thereby the motion of their legs.The advantage is that the use of microprocessors andcostly components is eliminated and the processes arelocalized and self-sustaining. Thus beginners and studentscan implement the innovative ideas without having highknowledge, skill and fund.
We are very happy to place this paper before theacademic fraternity. Now it will be our pleasure toreceive the reader’s feedback. We feel such a feedback isvital to improving the knowledge of an efficient engineer, thereby achieving its purpose.
Today the field of ROBTICS is a fascination for the menof science .The final zeal of any robo scientist is to createrobos those have ability to think and act accordingly bythemselves.To achieve this,use mechanical componentsthat are stimulated by powerful electronic circuits andcomputer chips that store the programs and controlanything are required.For beginners to enter this arenathere are many stumbling blocks.A deep knowledge of thesubject,great deal of research and financial support arerequired as the complex circuits and microprocessors costa fortune.Mark W.Tilden formulated a new philosophythat enables even children to enter this fascinatingarena.BEAM Robotics is a brainchild of this man. It is anew field in robotics. It uses minimalist electronics tocreate elegant mechanical creatures. BEAM devices comein infinite shapes and sizes.The brains used to controlBEAM "life forms" are
which are verysimple containing no microprocessors. By wiring in basicsensors to influence the nervous network, we can controlhow the robot behaves These sensors include lightdetectors, touch feelers, heat sensors and just aboutanything you can think of.The
is an interconnection of basicelemental circuits called the ‘pulse delay circuits’,actinglike a neuron,generating a square wave and hencefunctioning as an oscillator.The most significantcharacteristic of nervous network is the absence of microprocessors and other complicated circuitry to enablelocomotion.The nervous network in robotic limb control issimple and autonomous, and any incorporated complexcircuitry in the robot can be fully dedicated to the actual purpose of the robot rather than its locomotion.
ROBLEMS IN CONVENTIONAL ROBOTS
Robots are particularly useful in applications which pose ahazard to living beings, for example in security functions,dealing with toxic materials, working in hazardousenvironments, and so on.To date the most successfuldesigns have involved wheeled devices. However,wheeled devices have very limited utility in manyenvironments for example in rough or soft terrain.Moreover, any wheeled device is restricted to largelyhorizontal travel, since traction relies entirely on the forceof gravity.On the other hand, legged devices are capableof traveling on virtually any type of terrain. and if properly equipped are able to climb vertically.Autonomous legged creatures,to move and reacteffectively within their environment,they require precise synchronizing control circuitry and the abilityto adapt to new conditions as they arise.Until now, all attempts to create such a device haveinvolved elaborate arrangements of feedback systemsutilizing complex sensor inputs and extensive controland sequencing circuitry hard-wired to one or morecentral processors.Such a robot is extremely complex and expensive to build, even to accomplish very simple tasks.Moreover, due to the complexity of such a device andits heavy reliance on a central processing system power requirements are enormous, and a relativelyminor problem, such as injury to a limb, is likely to