During the fifth century A.D.
the popularity of Gaṇeśa
in India. Beside belonging to the Śiva
also wasworshipped as a separate deity. He was, and still is, invoked bythe people to remove any obstacles they may encounter out of their way. This is also why his vehicle is the rat, for the rat isskilled in avoiding any kind of obstacle he may come across.
Over time, Gaṇeśa’s popularity even reached the Royal Courtsof Java. The Gaṇeśa
statue of Singosari is built by KingKritanagara (1268-1292). The deity sits on a throne which issurrounded with human skulls around it. There are also skulls
depicted on Gaṇeśa’s body. An explanation for the depictionsof skulls can be found in King Kritanagara’s philosophy
), namely tantrism. Tantrism, in this context, is