This is a claim construction opinion. Plaintiffs Google Inc. and Microsoft Corporationfiled a declaratory action asserting non-infringement ofDefendant Geotag, Inc.'s U.S. Patent No.5,930,474 ("'474 Patent"). The '474 Patent discloses computer software informational databasesintegrated with search engine technology that allow users to find points
interest according todesired geographic regions.
Claim construction is a question oflaw.
Westview Instruments, Inc.,
F.3d967, 977-78 (Fed. Cir. 1995),
517 U.S. 370, 388-90 (1996). When construing the claims
a patent, a court considers the literal language
the claim, the patent specification and theprosecution history.
52 F.3d at 979.
sources, the specification is "alwayshighly relevant to the claim construction analysis. Usually it is dispositive; it is the single bestguide to the meaning
a disputed term."
A WH Corp.,
415 F.3d 1303, 1312-17 (Fed.Cir. 2005) (en bane) (citing
90 F.3d 1576, 1582 (Fed. Cir.1996)). However, "[e]ven when the specification describes only a single embodiment, the claims
the patent will not be read restrictively unless the patentee has demonstrated a clear intention
limit the claim scope using 'words or expressions
manifest exclusion or restriction.' "
Inc., 358 F.3d 898, 906 (Fed. Cir. 2004)
299 F.3d 1313, 1327 (Fed. Cir. 2002)).A court may consider extrinsic evidence, including expert and inventor testimony,dictionaries, and learned treatises, in order to assist it in understanding the underlyingtechnology, the meaning
terms to one skilled in the art and how the invention works.