RF Circuits and Systems (EEE 6374 Spring 2013) Project Report; UFID#06078296
IEEE802.11 spectrum allocation from FCC-UNII
For our work, would consider the 160MHz band, and one band would include one channel (Not considerable out-of- band emission). The consideration is quite logical in the sense,since we are not implementing sophisticated MIMOtechniques, for getting 1Gbps data rate we need to consider huge bandwidth (160MHz X 8 bits per symbol for 256QAM=1.2 Gbps).The standards  shows the maximum transmitted power should not exceed +30 dBm, which is the case we get in our simulation. The transit mask should follow the following-
Transit Spectrum Mask
Center frequency is considered to be 5.25GHz (5170+80MHz). Channel BW is 160 MHz and so the band 160 MHz asit is a wide band channel and we typically follow 802.11acstandard. In addition to it, since the channel allocation is notcontiguous as in fig.1, we would consider one single channelas a whole because a part of the 2
channel has weather forecast communications.III.
Heterodyne architecture has been considered for this design process because the circuit simplicity. We are essentiallyoperating at 5GHz band, so chances of LO leakage, and DCoffset may come up which may produce a zero frequencycomponent and ultimately saturate the high speed ADC, if homodyne system had been implemented. It is better to go for atleast one stage down-conversion to the baseband before wedemodulate or put any kind of filtering (higher operatingfrequency will give high Q filter which is costly).Following are architectures explained for the Wirelesstransmission system-A)
Transmitter RF architecture
Modulation-256 QAM : 8 bits per symbol.The
Intermediate Frequency (IF)
is 290 MHz because the IFshould be more than the receiver band (160 MHz) and the practical blocks/modules in transmitter are available in marketfor this IF frequency. Symbol rate is 125 MHz (1 Gbps/8 bits per symbol). Inside the SUC_AMUFA has been shown below
IF-RF Composite Block with Channel Select Filter
Following are the list of the components used in thearchitecture-
Block/ComponentsGain(dB) NoiseFigure(dB)OIP3(dBm)F_center Filter PassbandIF Amplifier 21.9 3.7 34.6Mixer 0.8
13.2* 24LO=4.9GHz;and IF =290 MHzBandpassFilter1_chebyshev-2.5** 2.5 5.25 GHz 225 MHzPower Amplifier (PA)32 3.01 42.636Duplexer Filter_Elliptic***-2.5** 2.5 5.25 GHz 225 MHz*NF
-3dB=16.2-3 dB.**Gain= - Insertion Loss.*** Elliptical filter gives the optimal response amongst all IIR filter classes.
Mixer has conversion Gain only. ConvGain.
The band selected is 225 MHz. This is because of the factthat it is wide band system and it operates on higher frequency band 5GHz, which is not crowded much with ISM equipmentor other part 15 equipment, the filter response can be relaxed.This relaxation is used to meet/adjusted to meet the EVMrequirement of maximum 2%.
Receiver RF Architecture.
Receiver RF architecture
The main idea here is, we would emulate the received signalconstellation as shown in the above figure. by a 256 QAMsystem with a given RF Power calculated equal to sensitivity.
f1=79 MHz f2=81 MHz f3=160 MHz f4=240 MHz
Transmitter RF architecture