Embedded system is an intelligent system that has the capability of processing,monitoring and controlling. It may comprise of Sensors, Microcontrollers, FPGA, ASIC,etc. It typically has a specialized function with programs stored on ROM. Examples of embedded systems are automatic environmental systems, security systems, andentertainment systems.An added feature in any embedded system is its ability to communicate. Thecommunication can be via Bluetooth, WI-FI, GSM, or Ethernet cables. The TCP/IP protocol is a widely used standard for modern digital communication.A weather station is a facility with instruments and equipment to make weather observations by monitoring atmospheric conditions.The project we have undertaken is “
IP based Weather Station (MausamParisuchak)
”. It includes the three concepts we discussed earlier viz. embedded systems,TCP/IP communication, and weather station. It provides real time data of weather inremote/inaccessible locations through a wireless /wired connection.
1.2 NEED OF THE PROJECT
Nepal being a mountianous country it is difficult to build some developmentinfrastructures. One of the biggest mountain ranges of the world, The Himalayas, lies in Nepal. Various organisation like ACAP, ICIMOD, and many other NGOs and GOs areworking to solve this problem through sustainable tourism and natural disaster mitigation(eg:- bursting of glacier lakes, avalanche, etc).The existing weather data collection technology in Nepal is backward for examplein Godawari ICIMOD is implementing data loggers which collect data and logged intothe magnetic hard disk which is swept at a frequency of 48 hrs manually. Our NationalMeteorological Department (NMD) has manual data collection process. Sometimes thismay result in the problem of unavailability of weather data at the time of necessity. Our project “IP based weather station” can play a vital by addressing to these problems and providing data which can be used for monitoring various activities.2