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Technical Paper_Stealth Technology

Technical Paper_Stealth Technology

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Published by anurag016
STEALTH TECHNOLOGY_KAUSTUBH KAPADANI
STEALTH TECHNOLOGY_KAUSTUBH KAPADANI

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Published by: anurag016 on Apr 05, 2009
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05/10/2014

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STEALTH TECHNOLOGY
1.INTRODUCING STEALTH TECHNOLOGY
Stealth technology also known as LOT (Low Observability Technology) is atechnologies which covers a range of techniques used with aircraft, shipsand missiles, in order to make them less visible (ideally invisible) to radar,infrared and other detection methods.
[1]
From the late years of World War II to today's computer enabled designchanges, stealth has been a major factor in the improvement oreconnaissance and attack aircraft. The term "stealth", is thought to havebeen coined in 1966 by Charles E. "Chuck" Myers, combat pilot and later anexec at Lockheed. When we think of stealth today, immediately images of theB-2 bomber or the F-117A Nighthawk fighter come to mind.In simple terms, stealth technology allows an aircraft to be partially invisibleto Radar or any other means of detection. This doesn't allow the aircraft tobe fully invisible on radar. Stealth technology cannot make the aircraftinvisible to enemy or friendly radar. All it can do is to reduce the detectionrange or an aircraft. This is similar to the camouflage tactics used bysoldiers in jungle warfare. Unless the soldier comes near you, you can't seehim. Though this gives a clear and safe striking distance for the aircraft,there is still a threat from radar systems, which can detect stealth aircraft.
[1]
Stealth technology is expanded into each of those areas which seek to detectthe aircraft, ships & missiles. Thus it is essential to develop visual, infraredacoustic and radar stealth. However many countries have announced thatthey have developed counter-stealth techniques that allow them to negatestealth.
[2]
2.STEALTH PRINCIPLE
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STEALTH TECHNOLOGY
 The concept behind the stealth technology is very simple. As a matter of factit is totally the principle of reflection and absorption that makes aircraft"stealthy". Deflecting the incoming radar waves into another direction andthus reducing the number of waves does this, which returns to the radar.Another concept that is followed is to absorb the incoming radar wavestotally and to redirect the absorbed electromagnetic energy in anotherdirection. What ever may be the method used, the level of stealth an aircraftcan achieve depends totally on the design and the substance with which it ismade of.
[2]
2.1 THE KEY FEATURES OF STEALTH
 -Unusual Design-Outer Paint-Reduce Heat Exhaust Signatures-Eliminate High Altitude Contrails-Eliminate Brown ExhaustFig.2.1.1:
T -50 STEALTH FIGHTER
[3]
2
 
STEALTH TECHNOLOGY3.
INTRODUCTION TO RADIO DETECTION AND RANGING
Radar
is a system that uses electromagnetic waves to identify the range,altitude, direction, or speed of both moving and fixed objects such asaircraft, ships.A radar system has a transmitter that emits either microwaves or radio waves that are reflected by the target and detected by a receiver, typically inthe same location as the transmitter. Although the signal returned isusually very weak, the signal can be amplified. This enables radar to detectobjects at ranges where other emissions, such as sound or visible light, would be too weak to detect. Radar is used in many contexts, includingmeteorological detection of precipitation, measuring ocean surface waves, airtraffic control, police detection of speeding traffic, and by the military.
[4]
Fig.3.1:
DETTECTION AN AIRCRAFT USING RADAR3.1 PRINCIPLE
A radar dish or antenna sends out pulses of radio waves or microwaves. These waves bounce off any object in their path, and return to the dish, which detects them. The time it takes for the reflected waves to return to thedish enables a computer to calculate how far away the object is, its radialvelocity and other characteristics.
[4]
3.2 DISTANCE MEASUREMENT
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