INTRODUCTION TO RADIO DETECTION AND RANGING
is a system that uses electromagnetic waves to identify the range,altitude, direction, or speed of both moving and fixed objects such asaircraft, ships.A radar system has a transmitter that emits either microwaves or radio waves that are reflected by the target and detected by a receiver, typically inthe same location as the transmitter. Although the signal returned isusually very weak, the signal can be amplified. This enables radar to detectobjects at ranges where other emissions, such as sound or visible light, would be too weak to detect. Radar is used in many contexts, includingmeteorological detection of precipitation, measuring ocean surface waves, airtraffic control, police detection of speeding traffic, and by the military.
DETTECTION AN AIRCRAFT USING RADAR3.1 PRINCIPLE
A radar dish or antenna sends out pulses of radio waves or microwaves. These waves bounce off any object in their path, and return to the dish, which detects them. The time it takes for the reflected waves to return to thedish enables a computer to calculate how far away the object is, its radialvelocity and other characteristics.
3.2 DISTANCE MEASUREMENT