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Narrative Theories

Narrative Theories

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Published by Mala Lal

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Published by: Mala Lal on Apr 06, 2009
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11/14/2012

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Narrative theories
Tzvetan Todorov –Equilibrium
All stories start in a state of equilibrium, which is then disrupted, setting in amotion a chain of events. The resolution of the story is the creation of anew/different equilibrium.Equilibrium>Disruption>Resolution/Re-Equilibrium
Vladimir Propp
Propp was essential interested in the narrative of folk tales. He identified a theoryabout folk tales were similar in many areas. They were about the same basicstruggles and they appeared to have ‘Stock Characters’. He identified a theoryabout characters and actions as narrative functions; they provide a structure forthe text The hero – a character that seeks something The Villain – who opposes or actively blocks the hero’s quest The Donor - Who provides an object with magical properties The Dispatcher - who sends the hero on his/her quest via a message The False hero – who disrupts the hero’s success by making false claims The helper - who aids the hero The princess – acts as the reward for the hero and the object of the villain’s plotsHer father – who acts to reward the hero for his effort
Christopher Vogler
Chris Vogler is a story analyst for Disney, Warner Bros, 20
th
Century Fox, andmany more Hollywood production companies. He explored the construction of narrative from a character driven perspective. His theory is called The Hero’s Journey.1.Ordinary world2.Call to Adventure3.Refusal of Class4.Mentor5.First Threshold6.Test, Allies, enemies7.Approach to the inmost cave8.Ordeal9.Rewards (seizing the sword)10.The road back11.Resurrection12.Return with the Elixir

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