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Crim 2 Reviewer

Crim 2 Reviewer

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Published by Diory Rabajante

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Published by: Diory Rabajante on Apr 06, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/24/2013

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Art #TITLEWHOHOW WHENWHERECRIMINAL LIABILITYPURPOSEELEMENTSQUALIFYINGCIRCUMSTANCE
114TreasonFILIPINOCITIZENAlien residingin the Phil.- who levies war againstthe Phil- who adheres to her enemies by giving themaid/comfort in the Phil or elsewherewho commits treason asabove stated.There is treason where:
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there is atestimony of atleast twowitnesses
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stating thesame overt actsconfession of the accusedin open courtThere is war inwhich the Phil isinvolvedPhilippines or elsewherePhilippines
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Reclusionperpetuadeath + finenot exceeding100T
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RT – death +fine notexceeding100TPurpose of levying –execute a treasonabledesign by forceSame as who, when, howAbsorbs other crimes whenelected as suchContinuous offenseAggravating – cruelty andignominyNot aggravating – evidentpremeditation and superior strength or treachery115Conspiracyandproposal tocommittreason:PenaltyTwo or morepersons whocome to anagreementand decide tocommit itA person Whohas decidedand proposesits executionto some other person or persons- Levy war against thegov’t- adhere to the enemiesand give them aid/comfort- to levy war against thegov’t- or adhere to theenemies and give themaid and comfort
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PM + fine notexceeding10,000T
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PC + fine notexceeding 5T
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116Misprisionof Treasonnon-foreigner persons owingallegiance tothe gov’t of thePhil. islands- has knowledge of anyconspiracy against themconceals/does notdisclose and make knownof the same- does not make known toa.) the gov or fiscal of theprov and b.) mayor or fiscal of the city where heresidesAccessory to treasonSame as who and how117 Espionageperson a who entersWarship, Fort, PCin order to obtain Par 1
 
Person inpublic officewho has in hispossession the Articles,Data or info referred inthe preceding par anddiscloses its contents to arepresentative of aforeign nation.Naval/militaryestablishmentor ReservationPenalty next higher indegree = offender =public officer or employeeInformation, Plans,Photographs, Other data- of a confidentialnature- relative to thedefense of the PhilArchi
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offender enters anyof the placesmentioned
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he has no authoritytherefore
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his purpose is toobtain info, plans,photographs, or other data of aconfidential naturerelative to thedefense of the Phil.Par 2
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the offender is apublic officer 
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he has in hispossession the ADIreferred in par 1 byreason of the publicoffice he holds
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he discloses their contents to arepresentative of aforeign nation
SECTION TWO: PROVOKING WAR AND DISLOYALTY IN CASE OF WAR
118Inciting towar/givingmotives for reprisals- publicofficer/employee- privateindividuals- via unlawful or unauthorized acts Reclusion temporalPrision mayor - provokes or givesoccasion for war involving or liable toinvolve the PhilIslands- exposes Fil citizensto reprisals on their 
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the offender performsunlawful or unauthorized acts
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that such actsprovoke/giveoccasion for a war involving/liable toinvolve the Phil. or expose Fil. citizensreprisals on their persons or property119Violation oneutralityanyone who- violates any regulationissued by competentauthority for thepurpose of enforcing nuetrality- on occasion of war in which the gov’t isnot involvedPrision Coreccional
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there is war in whichthe Phil. is notinvolved
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there is a regulationissued by competentauthority for thepurpose of enforcingneutrality
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the offender violatessuch regulation120CorrespondencAny personhas correspondence in time of warSame with who, how, The ff must concur:
 
e with hostilecountrywith the enemycountry/territoryoccupied by enemytroopsPCPMRT RT - deathcircumstance qualifying theoffense- the notice/info must beuseful to the enemy- the offender intended to aidthe enemy* not qualifying (exactly)1. correspondence isprohibited by the Gov’t2. correspondence is carriedon ciphers/conventional signs3.a notice/info is given whichmight be useful to the enemy3.b offender intended to aidthe enemy by givingnotice/info121Flight toenemy’s country- person whoowingallegiance to theGov’tattempts to flee or to goto an enemy countrywhen prohibited bycompetent authorityAM
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there is a war inwhich the Phil isinvolved
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offender owesallegiance to thegov’t
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offender attempts toflee to the enemycountry
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going to enemycountry is prohibitedby competentauthorityMere attempt to flee theenemy country consummatesthe crime. Provided it isprohibited by competentauthority
SECTION THREE: PIRACY & MUTINY ON THE HIGH SEAS IN THE PHIL WATERS
122Ditto(title)Any person not amember/passenger of its complementseize the
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whole or part of the cargo of saidvessel
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its equipmentpersonal belongings of itscomplement/passengerson the highseas or Philwaters attackor seize avesselRPSame as who, how and where123QualifiedpiracyPersons whocommit the crimein 121 provided:
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seized the vesselby boarding or firing upon thesame
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piratesabandoned their victims withoutmeans of savingthemselvesRP - death

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