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Table Of Contents

Introduction
1.1 High Power Energy Storage Applications
1.2 Competing Technologies
1.2.1 Batteries
1.2.4 Comparison of Technologies
1.3 Thesis Overview
Flywheel Energy Storage Systems
2.1 Flywheel System Design
2.1.1 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Energy Storage Requirements
2.1.2 Integrated Flywheel Design
2.2 Flywheel Motors
2.2.1 Motor Selection
2.2.2 Homopolar Inductor Motors
2.3 Flywheel Bearings
Homopolar Inductor Motors
3.1 Reference Frames and Notation
3.1.1 Reference frames
3.1.2 Notation
3.2 Homopolar Inductor Motor Modeling
3.2.1 Lumped Parameter Model
3.2.2 Calculating Inductances from Motor Geometry
3.2.3 Square-Cut Rotor Profile
3.2.4 2-phase Motor Model
3.2.5 Motor Losses
3.2.6 Efficiency calculation
Design Optimization
4.1 Flywheel Design Process
4.1.1 Rotor Design
4.1.2 Design Optimization
4.1.3 Rotor Resonances
Six-step Drive and Control
5.1 Six-step Drive Strategy
5.2 Dynamics and Control
5.2.1 Machine Model
5.2.2 Control Design
5.2.3 Controller Simulation and Experimental Results
Harmonic Loss Calculations
6.1 Stator Harmonic Current Conduction Loss
6.2 Rotor Time Harmonic Loss Analysis
6.3 Sizing of Armature InductanceLa
6.4 Rotor Spatial Harmonic Loss Analysis
Prototype Construction
7.1 Motor and Flywheel Construction
7.1.1 Rotor
7.1.2 Housing
7.1.3 Stator
7.1.4 Compliant Bearing Mount
7.2 Inverter, Sensing, and Controller Electronics
7.3 dSPACE Controller Software
7.4 Containment
Experimental Results
8.1 Prototype Machine Parameters
8.1.1 MeasuringLmf
8.1.2 Effect of Temperature on Armature Resistance
8.2 Core Loss and Harmonic Loss
8.2.1 Spin-down Tests
8.2.2 Constant-Speed Tests
8.2.3 Harmonic Loss Measurements
8.3 Efficiency Measurements
8.4 Analysis of Results
Bibliography
Prototype Drawings
Software and Data Files
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An Integrated Flywheel Energy Storage System with a Homopolar Inductor Motor/Generator and High-Frequency Drive

An Integrated Flywheel Energy Storage System with a Homopolar Inductor Motor/Generator and High-Frequency Drive

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Published by iMiklae
This thesis presents the design, construction, and test of a high-speed integrated flywheel energy storage system. This flywheel system integrates a homopolar inductor motor/alternator and a steel energy storage rotor to achieve high power density energy storage using low-cost materials. A sixstep inverter drive strategy that minimizes inverter VA-rating and enables high frequency operation is also implemented. Lumped parameter design equations are developed, and used to optimize the flywheel system. Analytical expressions for rotor and stator losses from harmonics in the six-step drive are also developed. A prototype flywheel energy storage was built. A novel method for constructing the slotless stator was developed and implemented. The prototype flywheel was designed for 30kW of power, 140W · hr of energy storage, and an operating speed range of 50, 000rpm - 100, 000rpm. Experiments were conducted for speeds up to 60, 000rpmand power levels up to 10kW. System efficiencies of 83%, which includes losses in the power electronics and the motor, were achieved. Most experimental results were in line with designed values. Experimental measurements of the harmonic losses showed very good agreement with the analytical calculations, and demonstrated that low rotor losses had been achieved.
This thesis presents the design, construction, and test of a high-speed integrated flywheel energy storage system. This flywheel system integrates a homopolar inductor motor/alternator and a steel energy storage rotor to achieve high power density energy storage using low-cost materials. A sixstep inverter drive strategy that minimizes inverter VA-rating and enables high frequency operation is also implemented. Lumped parameter design equations are developed, and used to optimize the flywheel system. Analytical expressions for rotor and stator losses from harmonics in the six-step drive are also developed. A prototype flywheel energy storage was built. A novel method for constructing the slotless stator was developed and implemented. The prototype flywheel was designed for 30kW of power, 140W · hr of energy storage, and an operating speed range of 50, 000rpm - 100, 000rpm. Experiments were conducted for speeds up to 60, 000rpmand power levels up to 10kW. System efficiencies of 83%, which includes losses in the power electronics and the motor, were achieved. Most experimental results were in line with designed values. Experimental measurements of the harmonic losses showed very good agreement with the analytical calculations, and demonstrated that low rotor losses had been achieved.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: iMiklae on May 08, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/05/2013

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