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Mental toughness and hardiness at different levels of football

Mental toughness and hardiness at different levels of football

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Published by Mark Atkinson
There has been little research into the psychological factors affecting footballers at different levels (Hanin et al, 2000), in particular, the mental toughness and hardiness of footballers.

The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between mental toughness and hardiness of footballers and the level of football at which they perform.


Participants - 61 footballers (mean AGE=25.23 years; range 18-40 years; SD=5.55), from various clubs and 2 levels of performance.
Mental toughness was measured using the Psychological Performance Inventory (PPI; Loehr, 1986).
Hardiness was measured using the Personal views survey III- R (Maddi and Khoshaba 2001).


Elite footballers scored significantly higher than recreational footballers in overall mental toughness, hardiness and each individual subscale, (Golby & Sheard, 2004).
While the present study confirms that elite footballers have superior levels of mental toughness and hardiness than recreational footballers, future research might concentrate further on psychological skills training, coping strategies and psychological preparation strategies in a wider variation of sports specific to a wider range of athletes, from grass roots to international level.
There has been little research into the psychological factors affecting footballers at different levels (Hanin et al, 2000), in particular, the mental toughness and hardiness of footballers.

The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between mental toughness and hardiness of footballers and the level of football at which they perform.


Participants - 61 footballers (mean AGE=25.23 years; range 18-40 years; SD=5.55), from various clubs and 2 levels of performance.
Mental toughness was measured using the Psychological Performance Inventory (PPI; Loehr, 1986).
Hardiness was measured using the Personal views survey III- R (Maddi and Khoshaba 2001).


Elite footballers scored significantly higher than recreational footballers in overall mental toughness, hardiness and each individual subscale, (Golby & Sheard, 2004).
While the present study confirms that elite footballers have superior levels of mental toughness and hardiness than recreational footballers, future research might concentrate further on psychological skills training, coping strategies and psychological preparation strategies in a wider variation of sports specific to a wider range of athletes, from grass roots to international level.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Mark Atkinson on May 08, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/08/2013

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Mark Atkinson
Mental toughness and hardiness at different levels offootball
Sports Psychology and CoachingMaster's Thesis
Document Nr. V210646http://www.grin.comISBN 978-3-656-41057-7
9 783656 410577
 
 
Mentaltoughnessandhardinessatdifferentlevelsoffootball
 
MarkAtkinson
 
University of SunderlandFaculty of Applied SciencesSR1 3SD
 
 1
Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction Page 21.1 Research aim Page 61.2 Hypothesis Page 6Chapter 2 Literature review Page 72.1 Conceptualising mental toughness Page 72.2 Characteristics of hardiness Page 112.3 Training strategies Page 192.4 Coaching mental toughness and hardiness Page 21Chapter 3 Methods Page 223.1 Participants Page 223.2 Measures Page 223.3 Procedure Page 233.4 Data Analysis Page 23Chapter 4 Results Page 24Chapter 5 Discussion Page 265.1 Re-statement of aim Page 265.2 Interpretation of results Page 275.3 Limitations of the study Page 335.4 Conclusion Page 355.5 Future recommendations Page 41Chapter 6 References Page 44Chapter 7 Appendices Page 48

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