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Ethics & Its Real Interpretation

Ethics & Its Real Interpretation

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Published by Nataraj Viswanathan
Nataraj Viswanathan weaves his thoughts and analysis on Old Ethical values verses the change and its application on Business.
Nataraj Viswanathan weaves his thoughts and analysis on Old Ethical values verses the change and its application on Business.

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Published by: Nataraj Viswanathan on Apr 06, 2009
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01/31/2013

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ETHICAL VALUES AND ITS ELUCIDATIONPreface:
Every individual has to come across the word Ethics. Conceited fact is thatmany firms, Social organizations have the chum for Ethical practice, creation,and renascence largely pious and virtuous.Ethics are not mere values of life but also certain key conducive factors that arefollowed while performing an act of life.Ethics – the values, for most of the people are hereditary, few values can be practiced, and few imbibed by way of mingling with virtuous people in thesociety or place of work.Moral principles of life, code of conduct, moral values, all attribute towardsunderstanding ethics better. Over a period of years and metamorphosis of thehuman life since its evolution, ethics and values have undergone changes basedon various experiences of past and in context to the way of life that wasfollowed during each interval of historic times.I am trying to write this article based on my way of thinking and facts cumexperiences of life. Focus is more towards Business Ethics at the end.
Ethics during bygone days:
There are some key values like, Speaking truth, Humbleness, Love andaffection, respecting elders, e.t.c which have been part of Vedic scriptures andalso been emerged and retold by saints and prophets who came and disappearedover a period of years. All religions speak about some universal ethical valuesand principles, which apply, to all human beings.Indian history talks about caste system like, Brahmin, Kshatriya e.t.c where ineach race or caste used to have their, own ethical values and principles thatwere followed. To name a few such values…
 
A.“Kshatriyas”
They should not leave an animal wounded, while hunting. If ventured for hunting they should not return back wounding the animal, rather they shouldsee to it that the animal is killed.One more dharma or ethical practice to be followed was, rule the kingdom, andlay down lives to protect the interest of the country and its people.They were supposed to rule in such a manner that justice and peace was equallyavailable to all.
B.“Vysyas”
Their job was to amass wealth both for self and social welfare purpose.Their job was also to initiate business opportunities and see to it that fair trade practices were carried out.Most of these people used to be the vajeers (Finance controller) in anykingdom. They used to have a control as well as take care of reserves that arerequired to run the king’s palace as well as welfare activities of public.
C.“Brahmin
They were supposed to suppress their impulses on physical enjoyment.They were supposed to take care of the religious activities of the kingdom aswell as caretakers of temple activities and its assets.Similarly there were further downtrodden castes which had their own ethicalway of carrying their activities.
 
The higher the caste status, more the social obligation was the rule. Ethicalvalues of each caste were followed by generations together.
Ethics in Politics:
Ethics in Kautilya’s Arthasastra speaks about cutting a decayed finger for the benefit of an individual, abjuration of a child for the family welfare, similarlysacrificing a village for welfare of the home country.
Ethics in Life:
Human life is divided into four stages, childhood, youth (Brahmacharya),married life (Samsara), and old age (Sanyasa). Each of these stages has their own principles and values to be followed. An ethical value of married lifecannot be an ethical value for Old age.
Ethics in War:
Lord Krishna in Bhagvad Gita, enlightens Arjuna by saying, “Hey Arjuna, donot get confused or perplexed by seeing your brothers and relatives on theopposite side. This war is for dharma and your job is to kill the enemy that issupporting Adharma.”Epic and literature like Bhagvad Gita & Arthasastra are mere examples of earlier existence of ethics and values.
Ethics in the present world:Ethics and values in Today’s General Scenario
As said before, Ethics today too plays an important role in every ones life, be itan individual, corporate segment, Business, Politics, sports, e.t.cTime has come when most of them speak about culture, policies, the right wayto do things, and in the process, ethics or values take a beating quite often. Fewof them correct themselves based on experiences and few do not care about it.Ethical values have changed and redefined by individuals with the renaissancein social values, culture, and upsurge of glamour and fashion.

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