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Grube, Ernest J. - Threasure Od Turkey-Lydia (the Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, V. 26, No. 5, January, 1968).

Grube, Ernest J. - Threasure Od Turkey-Lydia (the Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, V. 26, No. 5, January, 1968).

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11/10/2013

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gold-dust hichs washed own romhe range f Tmo-lus."The mentionf golddust n thispassagerom heGreekhistorianHerodotuseminds s that it wastheLydians honvented oinedmoney.Some ay hathefirst oinsweressued searly s the reign f KingGygesin themid-seventhentury
.C.;
butwhether rnot thisis thecase,bythe timeof Gyges's reat-grandsonlyat-tes, andAlyattes'sonCroesus,oinage waswell estab-lished.Thirty oldtaters f Croesus,achbearinghedevice of the forepartsf a lionanda bull acing ne another,were ound iddenn this nsignificant-lookingar.Theywereprobablyuriedorsafekeepinghortly efore hePersianonquestf Sardisn 547
B.C.
Height f thear 4% nches.Giftof theAmerican ocietyfor the Exca?vationf Sardis, 6.59.2-5thecoins),26.59.6 (the ar)
LYD
IA\Af
5 Sardisn antiquitywasoneof the great itiesof AsiaMinor.Ascapitalf Lydia akingdomocatedn western Turkey,nlandrommodernzmir), heachievedameandwealth speciallynder er astking,Croesus,eforesuccumbingothePersianonquestn themid-sixthen- tury
.C.
Westernravelersirst isitedheruins f Sardisin the fifteenthentury,but realscientific xplorationdid not beginuntil thiscentury,whenPrinceton ni-versity onductedn excavationrom
9IO
to
I9I4,
andagain n
I922.
The finds rom hisexcavation eredi-videdbetweenhe Archaeologicaluseumn Istanbuland the MetropolitanMuseum.Beginningn
I958,
anew Americanxcavation,ponsoredy Harvard ndCornelluniversities,as continuedo reveal he vastextentof the ancientapital."Lydia, nlikemostothercountries,carcely ffers any wondersor the historianodescribe, xcept he
The Metropolitan Museum of Artis collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve, and extend access to
The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 
www.jstor.org
 ® 
 
6 Lydianwaswrittenn letters hatareakino Greekletters,but the languagetself squitedifferent,ndtothis dayit hasnotbeendeciphered.hismarble telewith aLydian nscriptionas oundat Sardisn
I9II.
Recently, n the basisof the understandingf a fewwords,Professor obertoGusmanif the UniversityfMessinaas uggestedhat he nscription aybea jurid-icaldocumentaving o do withthe confirmationf atransferf goods roman individualamedMlimnasothe sanctuaryf Artemist Sardis.
Heightfeet, 4 inches.Gift of theSmericanSocietyorthe Excavationf Sardis,6.59.7
7 The our uriouslyhapedars hownelowwereprob-ablyusedo contain
accaris,
perfumeorwhichSardiswasnotedn antiquity.t is possiblehat theshapewasaconvenientrade-markor the perfume.arsike thesehavebeenound n greatnumberst Sardis, ndbecausethey seemo have beena specialtyf Lydia,modernscholarsave calledhem
Iydions.
These,datingromthe sixthcentury
.C.,
wereall excavatedt Sardis;ut
Iydions
avebeen oundt numerousites n theMedi-terraneanorld, oodevidencehatheir ontentswerewidelyxported.
Heightof the tallestar 4N inches.Gift of theAmericanSociety orthe Excavation f Sardis,6.Z64.27, 6.sg9.64,s6.75.I6-I7
 
8DuringhefirstAmericanxcavations,undredsfancientombswereopenednthecemeteriesfSardis,andhisgroupsthepartialontentsfoneofthetombs.It canbedated oshortlyfterhemiddlefthesixthcentury
.C.
bythepresencefimportsromAthensndSparta,heAtticoinochoendLaconianylix,ordrink-ingcup,bothntheeftforeground.TherestofthepotterysLydian,ndcanberecog-
ni7PS
hrr llchrharertPrictire
c
thohar;7orete1tr;ar ano1
trictnortheastfSardis,ame henspirationorthejugwiththeoversizedpoutand forthepitcherwiththebulbousody.Thesmall,darkugintherightback-groundmaybe adescendantf anolderHittiteshape.Whysomanyparallelsithotherultures?robablybecauseardisasituatednoneofthegreathighwaysofantiquity,whichranfromtheAegeanoast,acrosswesternsiaMinor, ndntoPersia.ravelersndcara-
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