the distance, and our lives generally consist in making our way towards them.But they are like the will-o'-the-wisp, with only a seeming existence. Theycorrespond to the pursuits in our minds, which are based on unconscious orpartially conscious notions, ideas, and values. Desire projects the objects ofdesire and we imagine these to have a real existence. Because many people seethem, they acquire an illusory reality; but it is only the desire that makes theminto objects. For example, a woman, in herself, is not an object of desire; she iswhat she is. But someone else’s desire for her makes her into such an object.What is attractive to one man may not be attractive to another. There is noobject, no attraction per se because the nature of a thing as it is makes it standindependently.This is pointed out in a well-known passage of the Upanishad, which states that awife is not dear because she is the wife nor a husband because he is thehusband; they are each non-relationally what they are. Each thing is what it is,but desire projects it into an object for itself. From this arises pursuit, and behindeach pursuit there is a value-notion, which maybe religious, political, or personal.The personal value-notion is a thought we each have of ourselves, and from thatthere arises the many attractions that we see “outside” and that make the worldinto what it is for us. We take up postures in relation to people, to things, to ideas:thoughts arise in us, we form afﬁliations, we suffer antagonisms. All thiscomplexity of likes and dislikes, of hopes and fears, takes birth in ourconsciousness from the soil of the values we have assimilated. So we eachmake our way through life, for the most part unconscious of what is going onwithin ourselves, not realizing what we are pursuing or why we are pursuing it,imagining that the world contains objects for us to chase, and thus projecting animage of the world that does not correspond to reality. So, for each of us there isa mirage-like world that arises from hidden sources within ourselves and that wetake to be the world as it is.The essence of worldliness lies in unawareness (
) of what is happening tooneself, in unawareness that the “world” is constructed by one's mind, that it hasits source within oneself. Worldliness arises from not knowing that what isprojected by the mind does not correspond to what is. If one were not blind, onewould not be worldly. People who see—people of intelligence—realize that whatis hidden within themselves prompts them to a variety of actions, attitudes,postures, afﬁliations, and rejections, all of which seem to be free but are not so infact. Unawareness of what is happening within is not only absence of intelligencebut of freedom, because it permits the “world” to push the individual into patternsof thought, into ways of action, into grooves, and routines.