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IUPAC Nomenclature Exercises in Organic Chemistry

IUPAC Nomenclature Exercises in Organic Chemistry

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Published by AdiChemAdi
Learn IUPAC nomenclature by solving the following problems. These exercises are provided with key and are thoroughly explained. visit http://www.adichemistry.com/ for recent updates if any.
Learn IUPAC nomenclature by solving the following problems. These exercises are provided with key and are thoroughly explained. visit http://www.adichemistry.com/ for recent updates if any.

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Published by: AdiChemAdi on Apr 07, 2009
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   V .  A   D   I   T   Y  A    V  A   R   D   H  A   N   H   T   T   P  :  /  /   W   W   W .  A   D   I  C   H   E   M   I   S   T   R   Y .  C  O   M
Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan adichemadi(at)gmail.com
WARANGAL
1
  v   i  s   i   t   h   t   t  p  :   /   /  w  w  w .  a   d   i  c   h  e  m   i  s   t  r  y .  c  o  m  v   i  s   i   t   h   t   t  p  :   /   /  w  w  w .  a   d   i  c   h  e  m   i  s   t  r  y .  c  o  m
Updated on22nd January, 2010
If you want to get recent update of this file please visit
http://www.adichemistry.com
IUPAC NOMENCLATURE EXERCISES IN ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Propose IUPAC names for the following compoundsNote: Key with possible explanation is given at the end.
1)
C
2
H
5
CH
3
OR
CH
3
CHCHCH
2
CH
3
C
2
H
5
CH
3
2)OR
CH
3
CHCHCHCHCH
2
CH
3
CH
3
CH
3
CH
3
CH
2
CH
2
CH
3
3)OR
CH
3
CHCH
2
CHCHCH
2
CH
3
CH
3
CH
2
CHCH
3
CH
3
CH
3
4)OR
CH
3
CH
2
CHCHCH
2
CH
2
CH
2
CH
2
CHCH
3
CH
3
CH
3
CH
3
5)OR
CH
3
CCHCH
2
CH
2
CH
3
CH
3
CH
3
CH
2
CH
3
 
   V .  A   D   I   T   Y  A    V  A   R   D   H  A   N   H   T   T   P  :  /  /   W   W   W .  A   D   I  C   H   E   M   I   S   T   R   Y .  C  O   M
Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan adichemadi(at)gmail.com
WARANGAL
2
  v   i  s   i   t   h   t   t  p  :   /   /  w  w  w .  a   d   i  c   h  e  m   i  s   t  r  y .  c  o  m  v   i  s   i   t   h   t   t  p  :   /   /  w  w  w .  a   d   i  c   h  e  m   i  s   t  r  y .  c  o  m
6)OR
CH
3
CH
2
CH
2
CH
2
CH
2
CHCHCH
2
CH
2
CH
2
CH
3
CH
2
CHCHCH
3
CH
2
CH
3
CH
3
CH
3
7)8)9)10)11)12)13)14)15)16)17)18)19)20)
 
   V .  A   D   I   T   Y  A    V  A   R   D   H  A   N   H   T   T   P  :  /  /   W   W   W .  A   D   I  C   H   E   M   I   S   T   R   Y .  C  O   M
Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan adichemadi(at)gmail.com
WARANGAL
3
  v   i  s   i   t   h   t   t  p  :   /   /  w  w  w .  a   d   i  c   h  e  m   i  s   t  r  y .  c  o  m  v   i  s   i   t   h   t   t  p  :   /   /  w  w  w .  a   d   i  c   h  e  m   i  s   t  r  y .  c  o  m
21)
C
22)23)24)25)26)27)28)29)30)
KEY WITH EXPLANATION
1)
C
2
H
5
CH
3
3,4-Dimethylhexaneand not 2-Ethyl-3-methylpentane
Explanation:
* This is the common mistake observed. The longest chain is NOT always expected to bearranged straight. The parent chain may be represented zigzag. The condition is the carbons inthe chain must be continuous. In this case, longest chain contains six carbons continuously asshown below.
 
C
2
H
5
CH
3
213456
OR
CH
2
-CH
3
CH
3
213456
2)
2,3,5-Trimethyl-4-propylheptane
Explanation:
* If chains of equal length are competing for selection as parent chain in a saturatedbranched acyclic hydrocarbon, then the choice goes to the chain which has the greatestnumber of side chains.

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Nishant Verma added this note
why is tert given priority over sec in the 13th question ?
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