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Published by: European Southern Observatory on Apr 07, 2009
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05/11/2014

T H E
M E S S E N G E R
No.1 - M ay 1974
P ro f.A . B la a u w
D ire c to r-G e n e ra l,E S O
- - - - - - -
T oA ll E S O
S ta ttM e m b e rs
W ith
th is
is s u e ,
w e
la u n c h
th e
E S O
M E S S E N G E R
in
i t s
o rb it
in
E S O ,
a n d
w is h
it a fruitful m ission. Its task w ill be,
firs t
o fa ll,
t o
p ro m o te
th e
p a r tic ip a tio n
o fE S O
s ta ttin w h a t g o e s o n
in th e O rg a \ue000
n iz a tio n ,
e s p e c ia lly
a t
p i a c e s
o f
d u ty
o th e r
th a n
o u r
ow n.
M o re o v e r,
TH E
M E S S E N G E R
m a y s e rv e to g iv e th ew o rld
o u ts id e
som e
im p r e s s io n
o f
w hat
h a p \ue000
p e n s
in s id e
E S O .
T h e
n e e d
fo r
m o re
in te rn a l
com \ue000
m u n ic a tio n
w ith in
E S O
is
fe it
b y
m any
o f
th e
s ta ff.
T h e
d is p e r s io n
o f
o u r
re \ue000
s o u rc e s o v e r s e v e ra l c o u n trie s
in
w id e ly
s e p a ra te d
c o n tin e n ts
dem ands
a
s p e c ia l
e ffo rt to
k e e p
u s
a w a re
o fw h a t is

g o in g o n a t th eo th e re s ta b lis h m e n ts . O u r ta s k s a re

a lw a y s
p a rt
o fo n e
la rg e
a d v e n tu re
th a t
c a n
fa re
w e il o n ly if e a c ho fit s
c o m p o n e n ts
is
h e a lth ily a d ju s te d
to the
o th e rs .
T h e
c o n te n ts
o fTH E
M E S S E N G E R
w ill be
v a r ie d
t o
in c lu d e
o c c a s io n a l
p ro g re s s
re p o rts
o n
o u rm a in
p ro \ue000
je c ts
a s
w e il
a s
in fo rm a tio n
o n
g e n e ra l
d e v e lo p m e n ts
a n d
m essages
c o n c e r n in g
p e r s o n n e l.
T h is
firs t
is s u e
m a y b e ta k e n
a sa n
in d ic a tio n
o f th e
character we have
in
m in d ,b u tc le a r ly it w ill b e o n ly in
th e
c o u rs e
o f tim e
th a tTH E
M E S S E N G E R
w ill find
it s
p ro p e rs h a p e . T im e
a ls o
w ill s h o w
h o w
la rg e
th e
n e w s le tte r s h o u ld
b e
a n d
h o w
o fte n
it s h o u ld
a p p e a r. F o r th e
m om ent we
th in k
th a tth re e -m o n th
in te r v a ls
w ill
b e
a b o u t rig h t.
C e rta in
a r tic le s
fo r
th is
firs t
is s u e
w e re
o b ta in e d
a t
a
ra th e r
e a rly s ta g e in th e p re p a ra tio n s , b u t th e y a re
c o n s id e r e d
t o
b e
s tillo f s u ttic ie n t in te r e s tfo r in c lu s io n .
A to d oe l p e rs o n a l d e E S O
C on
l a
p re s e n te
e d ic i6 n
e s ta m o s
la n \ue000
z a n d o
E L M E N S A JE R O
E S O
en su 6rbita
y
J e
deseam os
u n a
e x ito s a
m is i6 n .
S u
o b je tiv o
s e ra e n
p rim e r lu g a rin fo rm a r a l
p e rs o n a l
d e
E S O
s o b re
1 0
q u e
s u c e d e
d e n tro
d e
l a
O r g a n iz a c i6 n ,
e s p e c ia l\ue000
m e n te
e n
lu g a re s
d is tin to s
a l
p ro p io
lu \ue000
g a rd e tra b a jo . A d e m a s , E L M E N S A J E R O
s e rv ira
p a rad a ru n a
im p r e s i6 na l m u n d e
e x te rn o d e
1 0q u eo c u rre d e n tro d e E S O .
U n
g ra n
n u m e ro
d e i p e rs o n a l d e E S O
h a
s e n tid o
l a
n e c e s id a d
d e
te n e r
u n a
m ayor
c o m u n ic a c i6 n
in te rn a .
D e b id o
a
l a
d is p e r s i6 n
d e
n u e s tro s
re c u rs o s
e n
v a r io s
p a fs e s
u b ic a d o s
e n
d is tin to s
c o n tin e n te s
s e
re q u ie re
u n
e s fu e rz o
espe cial
p a ra
in fo rm a r
s o b re
1 0
q u e
s u c e d ee n
lo s d e m a s e s ta b le c im ie n to s . N u e s tra s ta re a s
s ie m p r e
fo rm a n
p a rte
d e
u n a
g ra n
a v e n tu ra
q u e
s 6 1 0
p u e d e
IIe g a r a u n
fe liz te r m in e
si to d o s
s u s
com ponen\ue000
te s
s e
a ju s ta n
s a n a m e n te
u n a s
a o tra s .
E n
c u a n to
a l c o n te n id o
dei MENSAJERO
e s te te n d ra
la s u fic ie n te v a r ia c i6 n
c o m o p a rain c lu irin fo rm e s s o b re
e l
p ro g re s o
d e
n u e s tro s
p r in c ip a le s
p ro y e c to s
c om o
ta m b ie n
m e n s a je s
s o b re
e l
d e s a rro llo
e n
g e n e ra l
y
s o b re
el personal.
R ogam os
a c e p ta r e s ta
p rim e ra
e d i\ue000
c i6 n
com o
u n a
in d ic a c i6 n
s o b re
1 0
q u e
e s ta m o s
tra \ue000
ta n d o
d e
p re s e n ta r, p o rq u e
s 6 1 0
c o n
el tra n s c u rs o
d e i
tie m p o E L
M E N S A JE R O
e n c o n tra ra
la form a
m a s a p ro \ue000
p ia d a .
T a m b ie n
s 6 1 0
e l
tie m p o
d e m o s tra ra
e l
ta m a fio
q u e
d e b e ra
te n e r e s te
in fo rm a tiv o
y
la
fre c u e n c ia
c o n
la c u a l d e b e ra a p a re c e r.P or e l m o m e n te o p in a m o s q u e
u n a
p u b lic a c i6 n
trim estral es
l a
m as
in d ic a d a . A ig u n o s1
T h e
e d ito r,
M r.
W a ls h ,
h a s
a s k e d
s e v e ra l
m e m b e rs
o fo u rs ta ff to
h e lp
ina c q u ir in g
c o n trib u tio n sa n d
i th a s
b e e n
a g re e d
th a t
a
fe w
c o o rd in a to rs
w ill
a c t
a t
th e
v a r io u s
e s ta b lis h m e n ts :
D r.
H a v le n
in
C h ile
a n d
M r.
R o d g e rs
in
G eneva.
T h e ir
c o lla b o r a tio n
w ill
b e
m uch
a p p re c ia te d .
TH E
M E S S E N G E R
is
in te n d e d
t o
re a c h
a ll E S O
s ta tt
w h a te v e rth e irn a tiv e
la n g u a g e , a n d
th e re fo re
w e
s h a ll
in c lu d e
c o n trib u tio n s
in
S p a n is h .A b s tra c ts
o fsom e
o f
th e
o th e ra r tic le s
w illb e
g iv e n .
A .
B la a u w
a r tic u lo se n
e s tap rim e rae d ic i6 n
fu e ro n
r e c ib id o s
h a c e
y a
b a s ta n te
tie m p o ,
p e ro
pensam os
q u e
a L m
tie n e n
s u fic ie n te
in te re s
p a rain c lu ir lo s .
E I
re d a c to r, S r. W a ls h ,
h a
p e d id o
l a
c o o p e ra c i6 n
d e
v a r io sm ie m b ro sd e i p e rs o n a l p a rar e c ib irin fo r m a c io n e s
y
s e
h a
a c o rd a d o
q u e
e s te
tra b a jo
s e ra
r e a liz a d o
p o r
a lg u n o s
c o o rd in a d o re s
e n
lo s
d is tin to s
e s ta b le c im ie n \ue000
to s : D r. H a v le n
e n
C h ile
y
S r. R o d g e rs
e n
G in e b ra . S u
c o la b o r a c i6 n
s e ra
a lta m e n te
a p r e c ia d a .
E s
n u e s tra
in te n c i6 n
q u e
E L
M E N S A JE R O
lIe g u e
a
to d oe l p e rs o n a l d e
E S O
c u a le s q u ie r a
q u e
s e a
s u
id io \ue000
m a,
y
e s
p o r
e s o
q u e
in c lu ir e m o s
a r tic u lo s
e n
c a s te \ue000
lIa n o .
S e
h a ra n
re s u m e n e s
d e
a lg u n o s
d e
lo s
dem as
a rtfc u lo s .
P re p a ra tio n s to r E S O /S R C
C o n te re n c e
P re p a ra tio n s
a re
u n d e r
w ay
fo r
th e
ESO / SRC
c o n \ue000
fe re n c e
o n
"R e s e a rc h
P ro g ra m m e s
fo rth e
N ew
L a rg e
T e le s c o p e s " ,
t o
b e
h e ld
at CERN
o n
M a y 2 7 -3 1 ,
1 9 7 4 .
T h is
c o n fe re n c e
w ill
b e
in
lin e
w ith
p r e v io u s
E S O
m e e tin g s
d e a lin g
w ith
la rg e
te le s c o p e
d e s ig n
a n d
w ith
a u x ilia r yin s tru m e n ta tio n
d e v e lo p m e n ts , a n d th e
em pha\ue000
s is
is to
b e
o n
th e
s o u th e rn
h e m is p h e r e .
W ithth re e
la rg e
s o u th e rn
te le s c o p e s
s o o n
b e c o m in g
o p e ra tio n a l
(C T IO ,
A n g lo -A u s tra lia n
a n d
E S O l,
th e re
a re
g o o d
re a s o n s
fo r
h a v in g
jo in t
d is c u s s io n s
w ith
p a rtic ip a n ts
fro m
th e
la rg e
p ro je c ts
o u ts id e
E S O
c o n \ue000
c e r n in g
th e
firs t
a re a s
fo r
re s e a rc h
w ith
th e s e
in s tru \ue000
m e n ts .
T h e
p ro g ra m m e
a s
p re s e n tly
o u tlin e d
w ill
c o m p r is e
s e v e n h a lf- d a y s e s s io n s -
o n e a fte rn o o nw ill b e d e v o te d
to ane x c u rs io nto th e C E R N
la b o ra to rie s-
c o v e rin gth e
fo llo w in g
to p ic s :
R e s e a rc h
p ro g ra m m e s
fo r
la rg e
te le s c o p e s
n o w
in
o p e ra tio n ,
S o u th e rn
h e m is p h e r e

p r o b le m s ,
O b s e r v a tio n a l c o s m o lo g y ,
In s tr u m e n ta l c a p a b ilitie s ,

P h ilo s o p h y
o fte le s c o p e
u s e .
T h ec o n fe re n c ew ills ta rto nM onday a fte rn o o n w ith
a n
in tro d u c to ryta lk
g iv e n
b y
D r.
J .
L .
G re e n s te in
o fth e
C a lifo rn ia
In s titu te
o fT e c h n o lo g y
a n d
th e
H a ie
O b s e r\ue000
v a to rie s ,
d e a lin g
w ith
la rg e
te le s c o p e
a s tro n o m y
in
g e n e ra l. D r. G re e n s te in h a s b e e n
c h a ir m a n
o fth eA s tro \ue000
n o m y S u rv e y
C o m m itte e
o fth e
U .S .N a tio n a lA cadem y
o fS c ie n c e s ,
w hose
ta s k
i t
w as
t o
c o n s id e r
th e
n e e d
fo r
m a jo r
n e w
a s tro n o m ic a l
fa c ilitie s
in
th e
U n ite d
S ta te sd u rin g
th e s e v e n tie s . T h e
re s u lts a n d
re c o m m e n \ue000
d a tio n s
o fth e
S u rv e y
C o m m itte e
a re
e m b o d ie d
in
tw o
v o lu m e s ,
e n title d
"A s tro n o m y
a n d
A s tro p h y s ic s
fo rth e
1 9 7 0 s ".
C le a r ly
D r.
G r e e n s te in 's
in v o lv e m e n t
in
th is
p ro je c t
m akes
h im
e m in e n tly
s u ite d
t o
g iv e
th e
in tro \ue000
d u c to ryta lka tth e
c o n fe re n c e .
D r.
G r e e n s te in 's
le c tu re
w ill
b e
fo llo w e d
b y
s h o rte r
c o n trib u tio n s
b y
s p e a k e rs
fro m
th e
b ig
o b s e rv a to rie s
2
-
H a Ie , L ic k a n d
K ittPeak -
o n
re s e a rc h
c a rrie d
o u to r
p la n n e d
fo rth e
n e a r fu tu re
a t th e s e
in s titu te s .
F o llo w in g
th e
firs t
in tro d u c to ry
s e s s io n ,
le c tu re s
o n
s p e c ia liz e d
to p ic s
a re
s c h e d u le d
fo r
th e
n e x t
d a y :
in \ue000
fra re d
a s tro n o m y ,n e a rb yg a la x ie s ,q u a s i- s te lla r o b je c ts ,
g lo b u la rc lu s te rs
in
th e
s o u th e rn
sky and
s o
o n .
In
th e
a fte rn o o n
s e s s io n
o fth e
s e c o n d
d a y ,
th e o re \ue000
tic a l
a s p e c ts
w ill
b e
c o v e re d ,
a n
in tro d u c to ry
p a p e r
b e in g
fo llo w e d
b y
s h o rte rc o n trib u tio n s
o n
s p e c ia liz e d
s u b je c ts .
T h e
W ednesday
m o rn in g
s e s s io n
w ill
b e
d e v o te d
e n tire ly
t o
th e
M a g e lla n ic
C lo u d s ,
o n
w h ic h
a
s p e c ia l
s y m p o s iu m
w as
a rra n g e d
in
S a n tia g o
in
M arch, 1969,
i n
c o n n e c tio n
w ith
th e
in a u g u r a tio n
o fth e
E S O
O b s e r\ue000
v a to ry
o n
L a
S illa .
T h e
a fte rn o o n
is
re s e rv e d
fo r
a n
e x c u rs io n
t o
th e
C E R N
fa c ilitie s .
T h e
T h u rs d a y
m o rn in g
s e s s io n
w illd e a l w ith
o b s e r\ue000
v a tio n a l
c o s m o lo g y ,
a n
in tro d u c to ry
ta lk
fo llo w e d
b y
c o n trib u tio n s
p re s e n tin g
o p tic a l
a n d
ra d io -a s tro n o m i\ue000
c a l a s p e c ts
o fc o s m o lo g ic a lp r o b le m s .
Inth eT h u rs d a y a fte rn o o n
s e s s io n
in s tru m e n ta l c a p a \ue000
b ilitie s w ill b e
d is c u s s e d
fro m
a c la s s ic a lp o in to fv ie w .
T h e
n e w
p h o to g ra p h ic
e m u ls io n s
a n d
n e w
p o w e rfu l
te c h n iq u e sfo rs e n s itiz in gp h o to g ra p h ic
p la te s a reb rin g \ue000
in g
a b o u ta
r e n a is s a n c e
in
a s tro n o m ic a l
p h o to g ra p h y .
T h is
s e s s io n
w ill
b e
in
th e
fo rm
o fa
p a n e ld is c u s s io n
w ith
fo u rin tro d u c to rys p e a k e rs , d e a lin g
w ith
th e
a s tro \ue000
n o m ic a la p p lic a tio n s
o fth e
n e w
e m u ls io n s , th e
e x tra c \ue000
tio n
o fin fo rm a tio n
tr o m
p h o to g ra p h ic
p la te s
u s in g
fa s t
c o m p u te r
te c h n iq u e
a n d
fu rth e r
re p o rts
o n
th e
E S O
S ky
A tla s
a n d
th e
p a r a lle l
S c ie n c e
R e s e a rc h
C o u n c il
s o u th e rn
s k yS c h m id tp ro je c t.
T h e
la s t
s e s s io n ,
o n
F rid a y
m o rn in g ,
w ill
b e
in
th e
fo rm
o f
a
p a n e l
d is c u s s io n
o n
a
s u b je c t
b e in g
r a is e d
p ro b a b ly
fo r
th e
firs ttim e
a t
a
c o n fe re n c e :
th e
p h ilo \ue000
s o p h yo fte le s c o p e
u s e . T h is
d is c u s s io n
c o n c e r n in gth e
a llo c a tio n
o ftim e
o n
la rg e
te le s c o p e s ,
w ith
re fe re n c e
t o
th e
v e ry
h ig h
h o u rly
o p e ra tio n a l
c o s ts ,
th e
s e a rc h
fo rm o re
e ttic ie n tm e th o d so f te le s c o p e
u s e
a n d
s o
o n ,
w ill
u n d o u b te d ly
g iv e
ris e
t o
a
v a r ie d
e x c h a n g e
o f
o p in io n s .
A .R e iz
T h e B ig
T e le s c o p e B u ild in g
Shows Up
a t L a S illa
F ro m
it s
in c e p tio n
in
M a rc h ,
1 9 7 3 ,
i t
to o k
ju s t
n in e
m o n th sfo rth e
fir s t v is ib le
b ito fo u rb u ild in g
t o
a p p e a r
o v e r
th e
ro c k y
s o ilo fL a
S illa 's
h ig h e s t m o u n ta in
to p .
N ow
it h a s
o n ly to
ris e
a n d
g ro w .
F o r
s e v e ra l
m o n th s
p a s t
th e
e ru p tio n s
fro m
ro c k \ue000
b la s tin g
o n
th e
p la tfo rm
o f
th e
tru n c a te d
p e a k
h a v e
p r o v id e d
a
liH le
s p e c ta c le
o n
m ost
a fte rn o o n s .
S in c e
1 9 6 8
th is
p la tfo rm
h a s
o ffe re d , a s
i t
w e re ,
a
s ta n d in g
in v ita tio n
t o
fu rth e ra c tiv itie s .
N ow
about one
h a lfo f it
h a s
b e e n
le v e lle d
dow n
tw o
m e tre s
m o re
in
o rd e r
t o
m ake
s u ffic ie n t
ro o m
fo r
th e
b u ild in g .
A n o th e r
tw o
m e tre s d o w n in th e e a rth
a re tre n c h e s a n d
h o le s b la s te d
in to
th e
r o c k y s o il.
E S O /C h ile a n dC ER N
S B
D iv is io n
M a k e A g re e m e n t
In
J a n u a ry ,
th e
T e c h n ic a l
D e p a rtm e n t
o f
E S O
/ C h ile
c o n c lu d e d
a n
a g re e m e n t
in
p r in c ip le
w ith
th e
C E R N
S ite s
a n d
B u ild in g s
D iv is io n
fo r
a
num bero fp ro je c ts ,
in c lu d in g
ro a d
im p r o v e m e n t
a t
P e lfc a n o
a n d
L a
S illa ,
th e
c e n tra l
h e a tin g
s y s te m ,
th e
lo w
te n s io n
e le c tr ic a l
d is tr ib u tio n
n e tw o rka n d
th e
w a te rs o fte n in g
p la n t.
C E R N
(J .
R o u e l's
s e r v ic e )
w ill
c a rry
o u t
th e
s tu d ie s
fo rth is
w o rk
a n d
p ro p o s e
s o lu tio n s . A
p rim e
m o v e r is
H .
L a p o rte ,
h e a d
o f
th e
S B
D iv is io n , w h o
h a s
v is ite d
C h ile
in
th is
c o n n e c tio n ;
a n d
M .-A . P e u c h , A s s t. D ir e c \ue000
to r,E S O/ C h ile ,
is
a ls o
c lo s e ly
in v o lv e d .
N .R o d g e rs
E x h ib itio no n
R o leo f E S O
A
h is to r ic a l
p ic tu re
e x h ib itio n
o n
th e
ro le
o fE S O
w as
h e ld
at CERN
in
th e
firs t
h a lfo f N o v e m b e r , 1 9 7 3 . T h is
s h o w
is
s till a v a ila b le
a n d
c a n
b e
p la c e d
a tth e
d is p o \ue000
S
~
I
o fa n y a g e n c y w is h in g
t o
u s e
it. It w ill p r o b a b ly
b e
d ls p la y e d
a t th e
P a la is
d e s
D e c o u v e rte s
in
P a ris
w ith -
in
th e
n e a r fu tu re .
'
O n
th e
r e m a in in g
h a lfo f th e
p la tfo rm
th e
c o n tra c to r
in s ta lle d
h is
s ite
fa c ilitie s ,
c o n s is tin g
o f
a
c a rp e n te r's
s h o p ,
a
m a g a z in e
a n d
o ffic e
b a rra c k ,
a n d
a
c o n c re te
p la n t w ith
s to ra g e
fo rg ra v e l a n d
s a n d .
In
J a n u a r y , 1 9 7 4 , a fu ll v ie w
c o u ld fin a lly b e
o b ta in e d
o fth e
o c ta g o n a lc o n c re te fo u n d a tio n
fo rth e
p ie rw h ic h
w ill la te rs u p p o rtth e
te le s c o p e .
F u rth e r o u t, a
c ir c u la r
tre n c h
o f3 0
m
d ia m e te rfo r th e
o u ts id e
w a ll s u rro u n d s
th e
lig h tg r e y p la te .
It g o e s
w ith o u ts a y in g
th a t th e
fir s t b u c k e t fille d
w ith
c o n c re te a n d p o u re d
into itsp ro p e rp i a c e w a s h a ile d a s
m a r k in g
th e
b irth
o f
th e
e d ific e ,
a n d
th is
e v e n t
w as
c e le b r a te d w ith
a g a y liH le c e r e m o n y .
W .B a u e rs a c h s
T P
D iv is io n
E x te n d s P re m is e s
A tth e
T P
D iv is io n ,
G eneva,
a n
a s s e m b ly
h a ll,
m echa\ue000
n ic a l w o r k s h o p
a n d
o p tic a l
la b o ra to ry
a re
u n d e r
c o n \ue000
s tru c tio n
a n d
w ill be
c o m p le te d
p ro b a b ly
inJ u ly , 1 9 7 4 .
T h e
n e w
b u ild in g sw ill be
o c c u p ie d
m a in ly b y
W .R ic h \ue000
te r's
g ro u p
o n
th e
d e s ig n
a n d
a s s e m b ly
o fth e
3 .6
m
te le s c o p e .
T h e o p tic a l la b o r a to r y w ill b e u s e d b yJ .V an
d e rL a n s
fo r
tra c k in g
e x p e rim e n ts
a n d - in
c o o p e ra tio n
w ith
R .
W ils o n - fo ro p tic a l e x p e rim e n ts
a n d
te s ts .
T h e
M E S S E N G E R
is
a t
p re s e n t
p la n n e d
a s
a
q u a r\ue000
te rly
p u b lic a tio n .
C o n trib u tio n s
fo r
is s u e
N o.
2
s h o u ld
a c c o r d in g ly
b e
r e c e iv e d
b y
th e
e d ito r
b y
J u ly
1 5 ,
a t
th e
la te s t. T h e y
may be
s e n td ir e c tly
t o
T h e
E d ito r, T h e
M e s s e n g e r, E S O / H a m b u rg ,o rv ia
th e
J o c a lc o rre s p o n \ue000
d e n ts ,
n a m e ly :
R .
H a v le n ,
c o o rd in a to r,
C h ile
M .d e
G ro o t,
L a
S illa
( s c ie n tific
m a lte rs )
G .A n c ia u x , L a
S illa
M .
B e c k e r, S a n tia g o
N .
R o d g e rs ,
E S O
T P
D iv is io n , G e n e v a
3

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