Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
messenger-no4

messenger-no4

Ratings: (0)|Views: 65|Likes:

More info:

Published by: European Southern Observatory on Apr 07, 2009
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/11/2014

T H
M E S S E
G E
N
o
.
~
-
M a rc h
1 9 7 6
E S O
E u ro p e a n
H e a d q u a rte rsin
M u n ic h
T h e C o u n c il, a t its m e e tin g o f D e c e m b e r2 , 1 9 7 5 ,to o k
som e
d e c is io n s o f fa r-re a c h in g
im p o rta n c efo r th e
fu tu re
of ESO.
T h e
C o u n c iJ
a c c e p te d
th e
v e ry g e n e ro u s o ffe ro fth e
F e d e ra l R e p u b lic
o f G e rm a n y o f a s ite
o f1 .2
h e c ta re s a n d a b u ild in g o f a to ta l tlo o r s p a c e o f 6 ,0 0 0
m
2
a t G a rc h in g , n e a r. M u n ie h , to h o u s e th e E u ro p e a n
h e a d q u a rte rso fth e O rg a n iz a tio n . A t th is h e a d q u a rte rs , a ll d e p a rtm e n ts o f E S O
w ill be
u n ite d , w h ic h
n o w
a re
s c a tte re d .o v e r H a m b u rg
a n d
G
~
n
e
v
a
.
T o w id e n th e c o n ta c ts b e tw e e n in s titu te s in th e
m e m b e r c o u n trie s a n d
t o
p ro m o te
th e ir c o o p e ra tio n
a m o n g e a c h o th e r a n d w ith E S O
c :mth e s c ie n tific a n d
in s tru m e n ta tio n a l s e c to rs a n d
tos e c u re th e o p tim u m
fu n c tio n in g
o f th e
o b s e rv a to ry
o n
L a
S illa
in
C h ilefo rth e b e n e fit o f th e a s tr o n o m ic a l c o m m u n ity in th e
m e m b e r c o u n trie s , th e
C o u n c il a u th o r iz e d
th e
D ire c to r-G e n e ra l
t o
c re a te
a
s c ie n tific - te c h n ic a l
c e n tre .
T h is c e n tre w ill a ls o ta k e s te p s to w a r d s th e c o o r d in a te d
p la n n in g
o f la rg e -s c a le in s tru m e n ta l d e v e lo p m e n ts
a n d
o b s e r v in g
p ro g ra m m e s
w ith
o th e r la rg e
a s tro n o m ic a l p ro je c ts , in
p a r tic u la rin
th e
m e m b e r s ta te s .
U n til c o m p le tio n
o f th e
n e w
b u ild in g
a t G a rc h in g , e x p e c te d a t th e e n d o f 1 9 7 8 , th e c e n tr e w ill b e lo c a te d
a t C E R N , G e n e v a , th e
h a s t O r g a n iz a tio n
o fE S O 's 3 .6 m T e le s c a p e P r o je c t D iv is io n
d u rin g th e p a s t fiv e
y e a rs .
.
U n d e r a p p lic a tio n o f th e s tr ic te s t e c o n o m y , th e D ir e c \ue000
to r-G e n e ra l w a s
c o n fid e n t to
r e a liz e
a ll th is
w ith in
th e
c
~
n
.
t
r
i
b
u
t
i
o
n
c e ilin g s
fix e d ' b y
th e
C o u n c il
a t
D M
3 2 .5
m
~
l
I
~
o
n
fo r
th e
y e a r
1 9 7 6
a n d
e s tim a te d
a t
D M
3 2 .5
m illio n
a n d
3 0
m illio n
fo r
th e
y e a rs
1 9 7 7
a n d
1 9 7 8
r
e
~
p
e
c
t
i
v
e
l
y
.
T h e
to ta l
in te rn a tio n a l
s ta ff
c o m p le m e n t
;111b
~
.
1 2 5
in
1 9 7 6 ,
1 2 2
in
1 9 7 7 ,
1 2 0
in
1 9 7 8 ,
w ith
2P O S Itio n sb lo c k e d in e a c h y e a r.
T h e
c h a ir m e n
o f
th e
v a r io u s
c o m m itte e s
w e re
a ll
hre a p P o in te d , a s
a
r e s u lt o f w h ic h
th e
fo llo w in g
p e rs o n s
o ld o ffic e :
P ro fe s s o r
B .
S tr\u00f6 m g re n ,
P r e s id e n t
o f
C o u n c il;
P ro \ue000
~
s
s
o
r
J .-F.. D e n is s e , V ic e - P r e s id e n to f C o u n c il; M r.
M .
e lo z ,
C h a irm a n
o fth e
F in a n c e
C o m m itte e '
P ro fe s s o r
L .B ie rm a n n , C h a irm a n
o fth e
S c ie n tific
P
o
l
i
~
y
C o m m it\ue000
te e ;
P ro fe s s o rG .C o u rte s ,
C h a irm a n
o fth e
In s tru m e n -
ta tio n
C o m m itte e , a n d
D r.G .W le r ic k ,
C h a irm a n
o fth e
O b s e r v in g
P ro g ra m m e s C o m m itte e .
S u p e r n o v a e inth e M a g e lla n ic C lo u d s
T h e s tu d yo f th e S m a ll a n d th e
L a r g e M a g e lla n ic C lo u d s
is
a
9 re a t p r iv ile g e
o f th e
a s tro n o m e rs
in
th e
s o u th e rn
h e m is p h e r e . T h e ir im p o r ta n c e is m a in ly d u e to th e s m a ll
d is ta n c e
fro m
u s
(5 0
a n d
6 3
k p c ),
w h ic h
a llo w s
th e
a s tro n o m e r
t o
o b s e rv e
in
th e m
fin e
d e ta ils
a n d
fa in t
o b je c ts .In a d d itio n , th e
C lo u .d s a p p e a r to
b e
in
a n
e v o -
1
lu tio n a ry
s ta g e
q u ite
d iffe re n t
fro m
th a t
o f
o u r
ow n
g a la x y , a s w itn e s s e d
fo rin s ta n c e
b y th e
r e la tiv e ly
h ig h
p e rc e n ta g e
of m ass
in
g a s e o u s
fo rm .
In
o rd e rt o
g a in
m o re
u n d e rs ta n d in g
o fth e
e v o lu tio n
o fs ta rs
a n d
g a l\ue000
a x ie s ,i tis th e re fo re v e ry im p o rta n t to
in v e s tig a te in
th e
M a g e lla n ic C lo u d s q u e s tio n s s u c h
a st
h
~
m e ta l c o n te n t
o rth e
d e ta ile d
p ro p e rtie s
o .f
re g io n s
o fs ta r fo rm a tio n
a n d
d e a th .
A s tro n o m e rs
h a v e
b e e n
g o in g
a fte r
th e s e
q u e s tio n sfo ry e a rs a n d
o n e
c a n
im a g in e
th a t th e fo rth \ue000
c o m in g
la rg e
E :S O
te le s c o -p e
w ill h e lp - e lu c id a tin g
m any
o fth e p re s e n t p ro b le m s .
R e c e n tly
a t
E S O ,
a s tro n o m e rs
J .
D a n z ig e r
a n d
M .
D e n n e fe ld
s ta rte d
t o
ta k e
a n o th e rlo o k
at som e
s u p e r\ue000
n o v a
re m n a n ts
in
th e
L a rg e
C I0 L !d .O ne
o fth e
o b je c ts
in v e s tig a te d
is N
1 3 2 0w h ic h
h a d
b e e n
s tu d ie d

a l re a d y b y W e s te rlu n d a n d M a th e w s o n a b o u t te n y e a rs a g o . T h e s tu d y

o fD a n z ig e r a n d
D e n n e fe ld
le a v e s
n o
d o u b t th a t
N
1 3 2 0
is th e
r e m n a n to f a s te lla r e x p lo s io n
som ew hat
s im ila rt o
th e
g a la c tic
o b je c t
C as
A .
In
a d d itio n ,
th e
sam e
s tu d y
s u g g e s ts
th a t th is
o b je c tm ay
p o s s ib ly
b e
th e s o u rc eo fa n In te n s e flu x o fX -ra y s re c e n tly re p o rte d
b y
a
g ro u p
o fA m e r ic a n
s c ie n tis ts . S h o u ld
th is
b e
th e
case, N1 3 2 0w o u ld
b e th e
m o s t p o w e rfu l X -ra y e m itte r
o f
a ll
know n
s u p e rn o v a
re m n a n ts .
T h is
c irc u m s ta n c e
c o u ld
b e
e x p la in e d
b y th e
fa c t th a t th e
e x p lo s io n
to o k
p la c e
in
a n
e n v ir o n m e n t
d e n s e r
th a n
th e
in te r s te lla r
s p a c eo fo u ro w n g a la x y , th u s c h a n g in g th e e v o lu tio n a r y
h is to ryo fth e
re m n a n t. It is a ls o
in .te re s tin g
th a t a lm o s t
a ll s u p e r n o v a
re m n a n ts
in
th e
M a g e lla n ic
C lo u d s
s e e m
t o
b e
a s s o c ia te d
w ith
re g io n s
o f
io n iz e d
h y d ro g e n
( H
11re g io n s ).
T h e o r e tic a l s tu d ie s
o n
th is
a n d
re la te d
p ro b le m s
a re
n o w
u n d e r w a y in
th e
E S O
S c ie n tific G ro u p
in
G eneva.
T h e s e
s tu d ie s
a n d
th e
p a r a lle l
o b s e rv a tio n a l
w o rk
o n
s u p e rn o v a
re m n a n ts
i n
th e
M a g e lla n ic
C lo u d s
a re
n o t
o n ly
o f
in te re s t
in
th e m s e lv e s
b u t
m ay
le a d
t o
m o re
in s ig h t o n
th e
e ffe c ts
a n d
p e c u lia r itie s
o fs te lla r e x p lo \ue000
s io n s
in
d e n s e
m e d ia s u c h
a s th o s e
p o s s ib ly p r e v a ilin g
in the
n u c le io f g a la x ie s .
N ew
S ta ttR e p re s e n ta tiv e s E J e c te d
E le c tio n s
to o k
p la c e
i n
C h ile
o n
D ecem ber9 ,
1 9 7 5 , in
H am \ue000
b u rg
o n
D ecem ber
1 9 ,
1 9 7 5
a n d
in
G eneva
o n
J a n u a ry
2 7 ,
1 9 7 6 . T h e fo llo w in g
re p re s e n ta tiv e s w e re e le c te d :
E S O -C H IL E :
F .S im o n
(C h a irm a n )
W .E c k e rt (D e p u ty )
S .B a lo n
(S u b s titu te )
E S O -H A M B U R G :
R .M a rc in o w s k i (C h a irm a n )
J. van
T o l (D e p u ty )
B a rb a ra H a n s e n
(S u b s titu te )
E S O \u00b7G E N E V A :
D .E n a rd
(C h a irm a n )
P .S c h a rn w e b e r (D e p u ty )
S u z a n n e N e g re (S u b s titu te )
L o c a l S ta ft O rg a n iz a tio n ,L a
S illa
T h e
"D ire c to rio "o f A U P L h a s th e fo llo w in g
m e m b e rs :
R e in a ld o
K e n n e tt (C h a irm a n )
.
R am 6n
H u ld o b ro (V ic e -C h a lrm a n )
R o la n d o
V e liz (S e c re ta ry )
L u is A g u ila
(T re a s u re r)
M a ria A c o s ta
G e rm a n
G o n z a le z
J o s e y A lfre d o
R ozas
2
O n eo f lh e s u p e rn o v a re m n a n ts in
th e ' L a rg e M a g e lla n ic C lo u d .
p h o lo g r a p h e dinb lu e lig h t w ith th eE S O 1 m S c h m id t te le s c o p e .
P R O F IL EO F A V IS IT O R 'S P R O G R A M M E :
S p e c tra0 1 B rig h t S o u th e rn S ta rs
W hen
D a n is h 'a s tr o n o m e r J o h a n n e s
A n d e rs e n
a n d
h is
S w e d is h -b o rn w ife , B irg itta N o rd s tr\u00f6 m , a ls o a s tro n o m e r,
a p p e a r o n L a S illa , th e n ig h t a s s is ta n ts a t th eE S O
1.5 m
s p e c tr o s c o p ic te le s c o p e
k n o w
th a t th e y a re
info rsom e'
h a rd
n ig h ts '
w o rk .
F o r
a lth o u g h
th e ir
o b s e r v in g
p ro \ue000
gram m e
m ay
n o t s e e m . g la m o r o u s
w hen
c o m p a re d . to
p re s e n t-d a y
X -ra y
s o u rc e s
a n d
b la c k
h o le s ,
i t
is
c e r\ue000
ta in ly a v e ry im p o r ta n t a n d fu n d a m e n ta l o n e , d e m a n d in g
a lo to ffirs t-c la s s a s tro n o m ic a l o b s e rv a tio n s .
\u00b7T h e ra d ia l v e lo c itie s o f m a n y b r ig h t s o u th e rn s ta rs h a v e
n e v e r
b e e n
m e a s u re d
a n d
n o
h ig h -re s o lu tio n
s p e c tra
h a v e
ever been
ta k e n
o fth e m ,
d u e
t o
th e
w e ll- k n o w n
la c k .o f s u ita b le
te le s c o p e s
in
th e
s o u th e rn
h e m is p h e r e .
N ow
A n d e rs e n
a n d
N o rd s tr\u00f6 m . o f C o p e n h a g e n

O b s e r\ue000 v a to ry , a r e fillin g th is g a p . T h e y h a v e s e J e c te d4 5 0b rig h t s ta rs

o f
s p e c tra l
ty p e s
B O -F 4 .
w ith
th e
a im
o f
ta k in g
th re e
s p e c t r a o f e a c h , in
o r d e r to

d e te c t p o s s ib le v a r ia \ue000 b ility a n d to o b ta in ra d ia l v e lo c itie s , a c c u r a te to a c o u p le o f k ilo m e tr e s p e r s e c o n d . D u rin g .th re e

m a jo r o b s e r v in g
s e s s io n s , th e y h a v e o b ta in e d m o re th a n1 ,6 0 0s p e c tra o f
th e s e
s ta rs
a s
w e il
a s
o f
2 5 0
s e le c te d
B 8 -A O
s ta rs ,
w h ic h
P .
G ro s b e J l,
a ls o
o f
C o p e n h a g e n
O b s e rv a to ry ,
u s e s
fo r
c a lc u la tio n s
o f
th e
s p ir a l
s tru c tu re
o f
o u r
g a la x y . D u r in g s o m e n ig h ts , m o r e th a n
7 0s p e c tra , a ll a t
2 0
A Jm m ,
w e re
ta k e n .
N o
w onder
th a t
e v e ry o n e
w as
b u s y !
In
th e
c o u rs e
o f
th is
w o rk ,
m any
n e w
d o u b le - lin e d
s p e c tro s c o p ic
b in a r ie s
h a v e
b e e n
d e te c te d . a lo n g
w ith
a
s u b s ta n tia l
num ber
o f
B e,
s h e ll
a n d
o th e r
p e c u lia r
s ta rs . A n o th e r D a n is h a s tro n o m e r, E rik O ls e n , h a s ta k e n
a
p h o to m e tric
lo o k
a t1 7
o f th e
s p e c tro s c o p ic
b in a r ie s
w ith
th e
D a n is h
5 0
c m
te le s c o p e
o n
L a
S illa ' a n d
h e
fo u n d th a t a t le a s t fo u r o f th e m
a ls o s h o w
e c lip s e s .
T h is p ro g ra m m e
is ju s t o n e
o fsom e
fifty w h ic h
w e re
c a rrie d o u tin1 9 7 5w ith the
E S O
te le s c o p e s o n
L aS illa .
E S O
3 .6
m
T e le s c o p eo n
its W ayt o
L aS illa !
Novem ber1 4 , 1975 was
a n
im p o rta n t d a te
fo r th e
la rg e
E S O
te le s c o p e .
O n
th a t
d a y ,
a
m e e tin g
w ith
a b o u t
te n
p a rtic ip a n tsto o kp la c e
in
G eneva. Around
th e ta b le
w e re
th e
P r e s id e n to fth e
C o u n c il, th e
C h a irm a n
o fth e
In s tru m e n ta tio n C o m m itte e , th e D ire c to r-G e n e ra lo fE S O
a n d
m e m b e rs
o fth e
T P
D iv is io n
w ho
h a d
th e
p r iv ile g e
t o
re p o rt
o n
th e
fin a l
re s u lts
o f. th e
m e c h a n ic a l
a n d
c o n tro ls
te s ts c a rrie d
o u t in
th e
a s s e m b ly
h a ll o f C re u \ue000
s o t-L o ire a t S t.-C h a m o n d .
A s
c o u ld
b e
e x p e c te d
w ith
a n
in s tru m e n to f th e
s iz e
a n d
th e
e n o rm o u s
c o m p le x ity
o fth e
E S O
te le s c o p e , a
num ber
o f
p ro b le m s
w e re
e n c o u n te re d
d u rin g
th e s e
te s ts . M o s to fth e m
w e re
n o tto o
d iffic u ltt o

s o lv e , b u t o th e rs c a lle dfo rim a g in a tio n a n d h a rd w o rk . T h e tr ic k ie s t w a s th e

h ig h fr ic tio n

o fth ep o la r a x is . Itto o k u s a lo n g tim e to fu lly u n d e rs ta n d th e re a s o nfo rth e tr o u b le , w h ic h tu rn e d

o u t
t o
b e
a d e fle e tio n
o f
th e
s tru c tu re
o fth e
h o rs e s h o e ,
r
e
s
u
l
t
~
n
g
in
a
s m a ll
d e fo rm a tio n
o fth e
fla t
s u rfa c e
w h ic h
ta k e s
u p
th e
a x ia l lo a d
o fth e
te le s c o p e .
T h e
c u re
w as
n o ta
s im p le
one, but by
g r in d in g
u n d e r
lo a d
w e
s u c c e e d e d
in
r e a c h in g
a n
e n tire ly
s a tis fa c to ry
re s u lt.
T h e
a s tro n o m e rs
in v ite d
t o
th e
m e e tin g
c o u ld , th e re \ue000
fo re , s u p p o r t th e p ro p o s a l o f th e T P
D iv is io n t o c o n s id e r
th e te s t p e r io d a s c o m p le te d
a n d
c o n s e q u e n tly to d
a s \ue000
s e m b le th e in s tr u m e n t a n d
h a v e it s h ip p e d t o C h ile .
O ne
w eek
la te r, th e
d is a s s e m b ly
s ta rte d
a n d
a te a m
fro m
th e
p a c k in g
f i r m
T a ille u r s ta rte d
t o
pack. W hat a
p a c k in g
jo b !
M o re
th a n
1 5 0
w ooden
b o x e s
h a d
t o
b e
m ade. The
to ta l s h ip p in g
w e ig h to fth e
te le s c o p e
in
it s
b o x e s
cam e
t o
4 4 1 ,6 5 0
kg I
At the
d a y
o fw ritin g
(F e b ru a ry
9 ,1 9 7 6 ) th e s e
b o x e s
w e re
s ta n d in g
in
th e
h a rb o u r
P o rt-S t-L o u is -d u -R h \u00f6 n e ,
c lo s e
t o
M a rs e ille . C re u s o t-L o ire
h a s
c h o s e n
a S p a n is h
s h ip
to r
th e
tra n s p o rt, a n d
i tis
s u p p o s e d
th a t lo a d in g
w ill ta k e
p la c e
o n
F e b ru a ry1 3 .O nce
th e
te le s c o p e
o n
b o a rd , th e s h ip is s c h e d u le d to g o n o n - s to p to C o q u im b o .
T h e
p a s s a g e
c a n
b e
d o n e
in
th re e
w e e k s , w h ic h
is tw o
t o
th re e
w eeks
s h o rte r
th a n
fo re s e e n
in
o u r
p la n \ue000
n in g .
O n
L a
S illa , th e
c o n tra c to rs
(In te rb e to n
a n d
K ru p p )
a re
b u s y
te rm in a tin g
th e
b u ild in g ,
th e
dom e
a n d
th e
ro a d
t o
th e
3 .6m
te le s c o p e
s ite . T h e
s o m e w h a t e a r lie r
a rriv a lo fth e
te le s c o p e
h a s p u t e x tra p re s s u re
o n
th e m

to te rm in a te th e ir w o rk . A t p re s e n t, it s e e m s u n a v o id a b le to d e la y th e b e g in o f th e te le s c o p e a s s e m b ly b y a b o u t a w eek

in
o rd e rt o
te rm in a te
ro a d
c o n s tru c tio n
a n d
c e r\ue000
ta in
w o rk s
o n
th e
dom e.
H o w e v e r,
te le s c o p e
e re c tio n
s h o u ld
in
a n y c a s e s t a r t in
M a rc h .W ee x p e c t to
b e a b le
t o
tu rn
th e
in s tru m e n t
a x e s
in
J u ly .
T h e
b ig
o p tic a l
e le m e n ts a re n o w
o n
L a S illa , re a d y to b e in s ta lle d .
O ur
p re s e n t
p la n
is
t o
m a k e . th e
firs t
a s tro n o m ic a l
o b s e rv a tio n in O c to b e r-N o v e m b e r th is y e a r.
F u rth e r p ro g re s s
o fth e
la rg e
E S O
te le s c o p e
w ill be
re p o rte d in th e n e x t is s u eo fth e "M e s s e n g e r" .
A V e r y D is ta n t S te lla r C lu s te r
L o o k in g
th ro u g h
a
n ig h t's p la te s fro m
th e
E S O
S c h m id t
c o u ld
v e ry
w e il b e
th e
m o s t lu m in o u s
g ia n t s ta rs
in
a
te le s c o p e
o n
L a
S illa ,
E S O
a s tro n o m e r
H .-E .
S c h u s te r
g lo b u la r
c lu s te r.
F ro m
a
p re lim in a ry
a n a ly s is ,
H .-E .
re c e n tly n o tic e d
a weak and
fu z z y s p o t in
th e
c e n tre
o f
S c h u s te r a n d
R .M .W e s t b e lie v e
th a t th is
is
in d e e d
th e
a
p la te
fo rth e
E S O
(8 )
A tla s
o f th e
S o u th e rn
S ky.
B y
c a s e
a n d
th e y
e s tim a te
th e
d is ta n c e
t o
th e
c lu s te r
a t
c lo s e r in s p e c tio n , it b e c a m e e v id e n t th a t th eo b je c tw as
1 0 0k p c
(a b o u t 3 0 0 ,0 0 0 lig h t-y e a rs ). F u rth e r o b s e rv a tio n s
o f e x tra o rd in a ry
in te re s t,
s h o w in g
r e s o lu tio n
in to
in d i-
a re
n e e d e d
fo r v e rific a tio n
a n d
th e re \u00b7 is
n o
d o u b tth a t
v id u a l s ta rs . A
y e llo w - s e n s itiv e
p la te
c o n firm e d
th a t th e
th e
c lu s te r w ill b e
h ig h
o n
th e
o b s e r v in g
lis t w h e n
th e
b rig h te s t s ta rso f th eo b je c t a re
ra th e r re d ; in
fa c t, th e y
3 ,6rnte le s c o p e g o e s in to a c tio n .
3

Activity (2)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->