2one community in one region may not necessarily represent the general situation of DVAWin Nepal. In this context, one has to consider cultural and social heterogeneity while studying Nepalese women. Due to this reason, data was collected from various caste groups for generalization. Conclusion is largely drawn from the analysis of primary data.
Domestic Violence against Women and the Context of Nepal
Violence against women (VAW) has been a deep-rooted social and family problem in Nepal. Generally, violence is a tool of terror, and its use can be seen to relate directly to maleassumptions about privileged access and ownership.
Undoubtedly, men’s violence againstwomen is a sensitive issue. Male members in the society are known to identify with their own gender and accept the idea that men have the right to control their wives.
Domesticviolence against women (DVAW) is a form of abuse, which results in the mistreatment of women by other family members. It is a reflection of power relationships between spouses.
In the Nepalese context, DVAW affects more than two out of every four women throughouttheir lifetime. It crosses all races, sexual orientations, religions, socio-economic status andgeography. DVAW does not tend to stop on its own but gets worse over time. The definitionof DVAW extends beyond physical acts of violence toward one’s partner to include sexualcoercion, physical threats, psychological abuse and controlling actions such as physicalisolation or restricting access to health care or financial resources.
According to the GeneralRecommendation No. 19 of the CEDAW Committee, DVAW is one of the most insidiousforms of violence against women. It carries not only serious health consequences for women, but many hidden social costs as well.
Thus, it is the actions by the family against one of itsmembers that threaten the life, body, psychological integrity or liberty of the member. Allthese spring from the structure of patriarchy, defined broadly as a system of male dominancelegitimated within the family and society through superior rights, privileges, authority and power.
For the purpose of this paper, DVAW has been defined as emotional, verbal,
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