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Open Data Policy-Managing Information as an Asset (Office of Management and Budget)

Open Data Policy-Managing Information as an Asset (Office of Management and Budget)

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Published by LJ's infoDOCKET
Published May 9, 2013
Published May 9, 2013

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Published by: LJ's infoDOCKET on May 09, 2013
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07/10/2013

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EXECUTIVEOFFICEOF
THEPRESIDENT
OFFICE
OF
MANAGEMENT
AND
BUDGET
WASHINGTON
,D.C.
20503
THE
DI
RECTOR
May 9,2013M-13-13
MEMORANDUM FOR
THE HEADS OF EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES
FROM: Sylvia
M.
Burwell-
b
}1/
~
Director
~
Steven VanRoekel
~
~
ederal
Chief
Informa fficerTodd Park 
~LJ..f
/VL-
U.S.
ChiefTechnolo~fficer
v
--
(
Dominic
J.
Mancini
~
-
·
~
Acting Administrator, 0
rce
ofln~rmation
and Regulatory Affairs 
SUBJECT: Open Data
Policy-Managing
Information as an Asset
Information
is
a valuable national resource and a strategic asset to the Federal Government, itspartners,and the public.
In
order to ensure that the Federal Government
is
taking full advantage
of
itsinformation resources,executive depa11ments and agencies (hereafter referred to as"agencies") must manage inf01mation as an asset throughout its life cycle to promote openness and interoperability, andproperly safeguard systems and information. Managing government information as an asset will increaseoperational efficiencies,reduce costs, improve services,support mission needs, safeguard personal information, and increase public access to valuable government information.Making information resources accessible, discoverable,and usable by the public can help fuelentrepreneurship,innovation, and scientific
discovery-
all
of
which improve Americans'lives andcontribute significantly to
job
creation. For example, decades ago,the Federal Government made bothweather data and the Global Positioning System (GPS) freely available to anyone. Since then, Americanentrepreneurs and innovators have used these resources to create navigation systems,weather newscastsand warning systems, location-based applications, precision farming tools,and much more. Pursuant to Executive Order
of
May 9,2013,
Making Open
and
Machine Readable the NewDefault
for
Government Information,
this Memorandum establishes a framework to help institutionalizethe principles
of
effective infonnation management at each stage
of
the information's life cycle topromote interoperability and openness.Whether or not particular information can be made public,agencies can apply this framework to all inf01mation resources to promote efficiency and produce value.Specifically,this Memorandum requires agencies to collect or create information
in
a way thatsupports downstream information processing and dissemination activities. This includes using machinereadable and open formats,data standards, and common core and extensible metadata for all new
 
informationcreation and collection eff01ts.
It
also includes agenciesensuringinformationstewardship through the use
of
open licenses and review
of
information for privacy,confidentiality, security,
or
otherrestrictions to release.Additionally,
it
involves agencies building
or
modernizing informationsystems
in
awaythat maximizes interoperabilityandinformation accessibility, maintains internaland externaldata asset inventories,enhancesinformationsafeguards,andclarifiesinformation management responsibilities.
The
FederalGovernment hasalreadymadesignificantprogress
in
improving its management
of
information resources to increase interoperability and openness.
The
President
's
Memorandumon
Transparency
and
Open Government
1
instructed agencies to takespecificactions to implement theprinciples
oftransparency,
patticipation, and collaboration,andthe Office
of
ManagementandBudget
's
(OMB)
Open GovernmentDirective
2
required agencies toexpand accessto information by making itavailable online
in
openformats.
OMB
has also developed policies to helpagenciesincorporatesound information practices,including OMBCircular A-130
3
and
OMB
MemorandumM-06-02.
4
In addition,theFederal GovernmentlaunchedData.gov,an onlineplatform designed to increase access toFederal datasets.
The
publication
of
thousands
of
dataassetsthroughData.govhasenabledthe development
of
numerous products andservices thatbenefit the public.
To
help build on theseeff01ts,the President issued a Memorandum on
May
23, 2012 entitled
Buildinga 21st CenturyDigitalGovernment
5
thatchargedtheFederal
Chieflnfonnation
Officer(CIO)withdevelopingandimplementinga comprehensive government-wide strategyto deliver better digital servicestothe Americanpeople.
The
resulting
DigitalGovernment
Strateg/
outlinedaninformationcentric approachto transform how theFederal Governmentbuildsanddelivers digitalservices, and required
OMB
to developguidance toincrease the interoperabilityand openness
of
governmentinformation.This
Memorandum
is
designedtobeconsistent with existingrequirements
in
thePaperworkReductionAct,
7
the
£-Government Act
of2002,
8
the PrivacyAct
of
1974,
9
the Federal InformationSecurity
Management
Act
of
2002(FISMA ),
10
theConfidentialInformation Protectionand Statistical Efficiency
Act
of
2002(CIPSEA),
11
theFreedom
of
InformationAct,
12
the Information QualityAct,
13
the
1
Pre
s
id
e
nt
Barack Obama,Memorandum
on
Transparency
and
Open Government (Jan. 21,2009),
availableat
e
e
nt. 
2
OMB Memorandum
M-1
0-06,
Open Government Directive
(Dec. 8,2009),
available at
/
3
OMBC
ir
c
ul
ar
A-
130
,
availableat
/ 
'OMB
Memorandum M-06-02,
Improv
in
gPublicAccessto
and
Dissemination
of
Government
Inf
ormationandUsing
th
eFederalEnte1prise Arch
it
ecture
Da
taReferenceModel
(Dec.
16
,2005),
m1ailable at 
l
/
mem
3
Pre
s
id
e
nt
Barack Obama,Memorandum
on
Buildinga 21
stCe
ntu
ry
DigitalGove
rnm
e
nt
(May23, 20
12),
availableat
/
pdf 
6
Office
of
Management
and
Budget,
DigitalGovernment: Building a
21
51
Centlll)'Platform
to
BellerServe
th
e AmericanPeo
pl
e
(May
23
,
20
12)
,
availableat
/
/
/
om
t
rnm
pdf 
7
44
U.S.C.
§
350I
etseq.
8
Pub.
L.
No.
10
7-347,
116
Stat. 2899 (2002)(codified
as44
U.S.C.
§
350
ln
ot
e).
9
5 U.S.C. §552a.
10
44
U.S.C.
§
354
1,
etseq.
11
Sec
ti
on503(a),
Pub
.
L.
N
o.
I07-347,
116
Stat.2899(2002)(cod
ifi
edas
44
U.S.C.
§
350I not
e);
seealso
Impl
ementationGuidance
for
Title Y
of
th
eE-Gove
rnm
ent
Ac
t,Co
nfid
ential InformationProtection and Statis
ti
ca
lEffic
ien
cy
Act of2002 (CIPSEA),
available at
/
t
a
12
5
USC
552(a)(2).
2 
 
FederalRecords
Act
,
14
andexist
in
gOMB and Office
of
Science and Technology Policy (OSTP)guidance.
If
agencieshaveanyquestions regardingthisMemorandum,
pl
easedirectthem to OMB at datause@omb.eop.gov. Attachment
13
Pub.
L.
No.
10
6-554(2000) (codifiedat44 U.S.C.
§
3504(d)(l)
and3516).
Seealso
OMB
MemorandumM-12-18,
Manag
in
gGovernment RecordsDirective
(Aug.24, 2012),
availableat
~'
44U.S. C.Chapters 21, 22,29, 31,and33.
See also
36CFR
SubchapterB-RecordsManagement.
3 

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