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Broadening the Base of United Nations Troop- and Police-Contributing Countries

Broadening the Base of United Nations Troop- and Police-Contributing Countries

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Published by N R Dewi Nurmayani
This report represents the first of a series of publications stemming from the Providing for Peacekeeping project, a partnership with IPI, Griffith University, and the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University.

The report analyzes the practical steps needed to broaden the base of UN troop- and police-contributing countries. It identifies current trends, summarizes the main reasons why states contribute to UN missions, examines factors that might inhibit contributions, identifies potential future major contributors, and addresses some of the major challenges facing the UN as it seeks to find more high-quality peacekeepers.

The paper concludes with recommendations on how the UN might begin to “expand the pool” of contributing countries and improve overall peacekeeping capabilities. Specifically the report makes recommendations regarding how the UN may:

- Provide incentives to encourage more than token troop contributions;
Improve public diplomacy for UN peacekeeping;

- Improve the way that requests for police and troops are made; and

- Strengthen strategic analysis of TCC/PCCs and develop long-term force-generation strategies.
This report represents the first of a series of publications stemming from the Providing for Peacekeeping project, a partnership with IPI, Griffith University, and the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University.

The report analyzes the practical steps needed to broaden the base of UN troop- and police-contributing countries. It identifies current trends, summarizes the main reasons why states contribute to UN missions, examines factors that might inhibit contributions, identifies potential future major contributors, and addresses some of the major challenges facing the UN as it seeks to find more high-quality peacekeepers.

The paper concludes with recommendations on how the UN might begin to “expand the pool” of contributing countries and improve overall peacekeeping capabilities. Specifically the report makes recommendations regarding how the UN may:

- Provide incentives to encourage more than token troop contributions;
Improve public diplomacy for UN peacekeeping;

- Improve the way that requests for police and troops are made; and

- Strengthen strategic analysis of TCC/PCCs and develop long-term force-generation strategies.

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Published by: N R Dewi Nurmayani on May 09, 2013
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Broadening the Base of United NationsTroop- and Police-ContributingCountries
Providing for Peacekeeping No. 1
AUGUST 2012
Alex J. Bellamy and Paul D. Williams
INTERNATIONAL PEACE INSTITUTE
 
Cover Photo:
Nigerian soldiersserving with the United Nations-African Union Mission in Darfur(UNAMID) during an inspection visitby General Martin Luther Agwai to ElDaean Team Group Site in SouthDarfur, March 10, 2008. ALBANYASSOCIATES/STUART PRICE.
Disclaimer:
The views expressed inthis paper represent those of theauthor and not necessarily those ofIPI. IPI welcomes consideration of awide range of perspectives in thepursuit of a well-informed debate oncritical policies and issues in interna-tional affairs.
IPI Publications
Adam Lupel,
Editor and Senior Fellow 
Marie O’Reilly,
Publications Officer 
Suggested Citation:
Alex J. Bellamy and Paul D. Williams,“Broadening the Base of UnitedNations Troop- and Police-Contributing Countries,” Providing forPeacekeeping No. 1, New York:International Peace Institute, August2012.© by International Peace Institute,2012All Rights Reservedwww.ipinst.org
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
ALEX J. BELLAMYis Professor of International Security atGriffith University, Australia, and Non-resident SeniorAdviser at the International Peace Institute.Email: a.bellamy@griffith.edu.auPAUL D. WILLIAMS is Associate Professor in the ElliottSchool of International Affairs at the George WashingtonUniversity, USA, and Non-resident Senior Adviser at theInternational Peace Institute.Email: pauldw@gwu.edu
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Thanks go to Adam Smith, Arturo Sotomayor, and AndreaBaumann for their comments on an earlier draft of thispaper, as well as to the participants at the workshop ontroop and police contributions to UN peacekeeping hostedby the International Peace Institute on February 13, 2012.
Providing for Peacekeeping
is an independent researchproject established to broaden the understanding of thefactors and motivations that encourage or discouragestates from contributing to UN peacekeeping operations.Its aim is to generate and disseminate current informationand analysis to support efforts to “broaden the base” oftroop- and police-contributing countries, improve thequality of troop and police contributions, and fill keycapability gaps. The project is done in partnership withGriffith University and the Elliott School of InternationalAffairs at George Washington University. IPI owes a debt ofgratitude to its partners and to its generous donors whosecontributions make projects like this possible.
 
CONTENTS
Executive Summary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
Current Context and Trends. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
Why States Contribute United NationsPeacekeepers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
POLITICAL RATIONALESECONOMIC RATIONALESSECURITY RATIONALESINSTITUTIONAL RATIONALESNORMATIVE RATIONALESPEACEKEEPING HABITS: A NOTE ON PATHDEPENDENCY
Why States Don’t ContributeUnited Nations Peacekeepers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
ALTERNATIVE POLITICAL OR STRATEGIC PRIORITIESALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONAL PREFERENCES FORCRISIS MANAGEMENTFINANCIAL COSTSDISCOMFORT WITH THE EXPANDING UNPEACEKEEPING AGENDAEXCEPTIONALISMABSENCE OF PRESSURE TO CONTRIBUTEDIFFICULT DOMESTIC POLITICSRISKS FOR NATIONAL REPUTATIONMILITARY RESISTANCEWEAKNESSES IN THE UN FORCE-GENERATION“SYSTEM”

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