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Controlling mycotoxins with binders

Controlling mycotoxins with binders

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Feed ingredients and feed prices are increasing; it is becoming harder to maintain the nutritional balance of the feed without increasing too much the feed price. Now, the use of ingredients from less stringent quality is likely to increase. Though plant materials are usually more reasonable in price than animal products, they can present problems through the presence of naturally occurring contaminants. Indeed, contamination of feed commodities by microorganisms and mycotoxins is the first negative factor impacting animal feed quality. Numerous researches have studied the decrease of performances with contaminated feeds.
Feed ingredients and feed prices are increasing; it is becoming harder to maintain the nutritional balance of the feed without increasing too much the feed price. Now, the use of ingredients from less stringent quality is likely to increase. Though plant materials are usually more reasonable in price than animal products, they can present problems through the presence of naturally occurring contaminants. Indeed, contamination of feed commodities by microorganisms and mycotoxins is the first negative factor impacting animal feed quality. Numerous researches have studied the decrease of performances with contaminated feeds.

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Published by: International Aquafeed magazine on May 10, 2013
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May | June 2013Controlling mycotoxins with binders
International Aquafeed is published six times a year by Perendale Publishers Ltd of the United Kingdom. All data is published in good faith, based on information received, and while every care is taken to prevent inaccuracies,the publishers accept no liability for any errors or omissions or for the consequences of action taken on the basis of information published.©Copyright 2013 Perendale Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any formor by any means without prior permission of the copyright owner. Printed by Perendale Publishers Ltd. ISSN: 1464-0058
INCORPORATINGfIsh fARmING TeChNOlOGy
 
F
eedingredientsandfeedpricesareincreasing;itisbecominghardertomaintainthenutritionalbalanceofthefeedwithoutincreasingtoomuchthefeedprice.Now,theuseofingredientsfromlessstringentqualityislikelytoincrease.Thoughplantmaterialsareusuallymorereasonableinpricethananimalproducts,theycanpresentproblemsthroughthepresenceofnaturallyoccurringcontaminants.Indeed,contaminationoffeedcommoditiesbymicroorganismsandmyco-toxinsisthefirstnegativefactorimpactinganimalfeedquality.Numerousresearcheshavestudiedthedecreaseofperformanceswithcontaminatedfeeds.
Lipopolysaccharides(LPS),alsoknownasendotoxins,arepresentinthecellmem-braneofgramnegativebacteria.Theyareastructuralcomponentofthecellwallandarecontinuouslyreleasedintheenvironmentatcelldeathandduringcellgrowthordivi-sion.Therefore,endotoxinsareomnipres-entinfeed,waterandfishgutwhichhasshowntobeanimportantbacterialreservoir.Endotoxinsactasneurotoxiccompoundsandhaveimmunosuppressiveeffectonfish.Mycotoxinsareadiversegroupofpoten- tialtoxicmetabolitesproducedbyavari-etyoffungalspeciesthatoftencontami-natefeedstuffsandconsequentlyfishdiets.Mycotoxinscanvaryinshapeandsize.Theyareheatstableandresisttoextrusionproc-ess.Fortheonesthathavebeenidentified,itisknownthatafewpartsperbillion(ppb)alreadyimpactanimalgrowthperformances.Mycotoxinseffectsarespeciedependent;crosscontaminationofdifferentmycotoxinsincreasesthedamagecaused(synergy)andresultsinuncharacteristicsymptoms,thusmakingitdifficulttodiagnosemycotoxicosis.Evenifextensivestudiesaredoneinthisfield,manymycotoxinseffectsremainunknown.
Prevention
Becauseoftheireffectontheimmunesystemandfishperformances,thepresenceoftoxinsimpairsthefarmeconomicperform-ances.Strategiesofpreventionandcontrolexist.Inordertoavoiddeleteriouseffectsofmycotoxinsonfish,thebestistoavoidcon- taminationoftheplantswithmouldsthroughadaptedculturalpractices.Duringharvestandstorage,mycotoxinsproductionmustbepreventedbyreducingmouldstresscondi-
Controlling mycotoxins with binders
by Adrien Louyer, aquaculture supervisor, Olmix Asia Pacific, Marie Gallissot, technical supervisor, Olmix SA, Dr Nguyen Van Nguyen,director of The Research Center for Fish Nutrition and Fishery Postharvest Technology - RIA2.
Table 1:
Formulaed dies wih differen Mt.X+ doses (values are expressed as a % on an as fed basis)Feed IngrediensD0 (0% Mt.X+)D0.05 (0.05%Mt.X+)D0.15 (0.15%Mt.X+)Fish meal 65% 17.0017.0017.00Soybean meal28.0028.0028.00Cassava meal18.7518.7518.75ice bran35.0035.0035.00DCP0.30.250.15Premix- M-V0.300.300.30Fish oil0.500.500.50ysine (ys)0.100.100.10Mehionine (Me)0.050.050.05Mt.X+0.000.0500.15toal 100.00100.00100.00Proximae composiion (% as fed basis)Dry maer89.2289.2289.22Moisure10.7810.7810.78Crude proein28.5528.5528.55Crude fa5.485.485.48Crude fibre5.865.865.86Crude ash8.848.848.84irogen free exrac40.3440.3440.34Gross energy (kcal.g-1)3.633.633.63
Fishmeal 65 percent (Vietnam, Kien Giang); Soybean meal 47 percent (India); Fish Oil (Chile fish oil),cassava meal (Vietnam, Tay Ninh), Rice bran (Vietnam, Tien Giang), Lysine and Methionine (Japan)
16 | ItrtIol
AquAFeed
| May-June 2013
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