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An effective source of dietary methionine for the turbot Psetta maxima

An effective source of dietary methionine for the turbot Psetta maxima

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The turbot Psetta maxima is an important cultured flatfish species in Europe and now increasingly in China. Dietary formulations for this species typically have been dependent on high levels of fishmeal inclusion. Increasing costs and the decreasing availability of fishmeal have necessitated lowering fishmeal levels and increasing plant proteins in feed formulations.
The turbot Psetta maxima is an important cultured flatfish species in Europe and now increasingly in China. Dietary formulations for this species typically have been dependent on high levels of fishmeal inclusion. Increasing costs and the decreasing availability of fishmeal have necessitated lowering fishmeal levels and increasing plant proteins in feed formulations.

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Published by: International Aquafeed magazine on May 10, 2013
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May | June 2013An effective source of dietary methioninefor the turbot Psetta maxima
International Aquafeed is published six times a year by Perendale Publishers Ltd of the United Kingdom. All data is published in good faith, based on information received, and while every care is taken to prevent inaccuracies,the publishers accept no liability for any errors or omissions or for the consequences of action taken on the basis of information published.©Copyright 2013 Perendale Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any formor by any means without prior permission of the copyright owner. Printed by Perendale Publishers Ltd. ISSN: 1464-0058
INCORPORATINGfIsh fARmING TeChNOlOGy
 
T
heturbot
Psetta maxima
isanimportantculturedflatfishspeciesinEuropeandnowincreasinglyinChina.Dietaryformulationsforthisspeciestypicallyhavebeendependentonhighlevelsoffishmealinclusion.Increasingcostsandthedecreasingavailabilityoffishmealhavenecessitatedloweringfishmeallevelsandincreasingplantproteinsinfeedformulations.
Insuchdietsmethioninecanbecomeoneofthefirstlimitingaminoacidsandsupple-mentationisfrequentlynecessarytobalancedietsandachieveoptimumperformance.Thehydroxyanalogofmethionine,2-hydroxy-4-methylthiobutanoicacid(HMTBa)isasafeandeffectivesourceofmethioninethathasbeenusedtosupplementmethioninedeficientdietsforlivestockandaquaculturespecies.HMTBaisstructurallydifferentfromL-methionineinthatithasahydroxylgroupinsteadofanaminogroupatthe
α
-carbonposition,potentiallyreducingfeednitrogeninputsintogrowoutsystems.ItispassivelyabsorbedandisconvertedtoL-methioninebyD-hydroxyaciddehydrogenaseandL-hydroxyacidoxidaseenzymeswhichhavebeenconfirmedintissuesofshrimpandfish.Atwo-partstudywascarriedoutattheOceanUniversityofChina,Chinatoevaluate1.Theresponseofturbotfeddietssup-plementedwitheitherHMTBa(2-hydroxy-4-methylthio-butanoicacid)orL-methionine,and2.ThedynamicsofabsorptionofHMTBaandL-methionine.
Materials and methods
A75-daygrowthtrialwascarriedout toevaluatetheeffectsofHMTBaandL-methionineasdietarymethioninesourcesonthegrowthofjuvenileturbot(initialweight5.6g.N=5tankspertreatment).Fivelevels(0.3,0.6,0.9,1.2and1.5%drymatter)ofHMTBa(addedasMera™Met –84percentHMTBa;NovusInternationalInc.,USA)andL-methioninewereaddedrespectivelytoapracticalbasaldiet,thatwaslimitinginmethionine(0.59%methionine;0.42%cystine;1.01%totalsulfuraminoacids).Thisbasaldietservedasthecontroldietandcontained48percentcrudeproteinandapproximately12.5%crudelipid.AcrystallineL-aminoacidpremix,whichwasdevoidofsulfuraminoacidswasadded tothebasaldiet toapproximate thewholebodycompositionoftheturbot.DifferentlevelsofeitherHMTBaorL-methioninewereaddedto thebasaldietattheexpenseofglutamicacid togivetotalmethioninecon-centrationsrang-ingfrom0.59-2.09andtotalsulfuraminoacidconcentrationsrangingfrom1.01to2.51%.AsecondstudywasconductedtoevaluatetheabsorptionofHMTBaandL-methioninefromdietscontainingthesemethioninesources.Thebasaldietusedin thesecondtrialwasgenerallysimilartothatusedinthegrowthtrial(0.75%methionineand0.45%cystine;totalsulfuraminoacidconcentrationof1.20%).Thebasaldietwas
Figure 1: Weight gain and specific growth rate in juvenileturbot fed either HMTBa or L-methionine
An
 
effective source of dietary methionine for theturbot
Psetta maxima
by Rui Ma
1
, Huapeng Hou
1
, Wenbing Zhang
1
, Anant Bharadwaj
2
, Craig Browdy
2
 and Kangsen Mai
1
38 | ItrtIol
AquAFeed
| May-June 2013
FEATURE

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