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NCERT book Politics After Independence XII

NCERT book Politics After Independence XII

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Published by nikhilam.com
NCERT book Politics After Independence XII (provided by nikhilam.com)
NCERT book Politics After Independence XII (provided by nikhilam.com)

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Published by: nikhilam.com on Apr 08, 2009
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In hi ae…
The first few years in the life of independent India were full of challenges.Some of the most pressing ones concerned national unity andterritorial integrity of India. We begin the story of politics in India sinceIndependence by looking at how three of these challenges of nation-building were successfully negotiated in the first decade after 1947.Freedom came with Partition, which resulted in large scale violenceand displacement and challenged the very idea of a secular India.The integration of the princely states into the Indian union neededurgent resolution.The internal boundaries of the country needed to be drawn afresh tomeet the aspirations of the people who spoke different languages.In the next two chapters we shall turn to other kinds of challenges facedby the country in this early phase.
   C  r  e   d   i   t  :   S  u  n   i   l   J  a  n  a   h
In a moment of optimism, Hindus andHindus and Muslims inKolkata in 1947 markedthe end of communal violence by jointly flyingthe flags of India andPakistan from truckspatrolling the city. This rare photographcaptured the joy of freedom and the tragedy of partition in India andin Pakistan.
Caleg fo h ew aton 
 At the hour of midnight on 14-15 August 1947, India attained independence. Jawaharlal Nehru, the first PrimeMinister of free India, addressed a special sessionof the Constituent Assembly that night. This was the famous ‘tryst with destiny’speech that you are familiar with. This was the moment Indians had been waiting for. You have read in your history textbooks that there were many voices in our national movement. But there weretwo goals almost everyone agreed upon: one, that after Independence, we shall runour country through democratic government; and two, that the government will berun for the good of all, particularly the poor and the socially disadvantaged groups.Now that the country was independent, the time had come to realise the promise of freedom. This was not going to be easy. India was born in very difficult circumstances.Perhaps no other country by then was born in a situation more difficult than that of India in 1947. Freedom came with the partition of the country. The year 1947 was a  year of unprecedented violence and trauma of displacement. It was in this situationthat independent India started on its journey to achieve several objectives. Yet theturmoil that accompanied independence did not make our leaders lose sight of themultiple challenges that faced the new nation.
challenges ofnation building
     c     h     a     p     t     e     r
   C  r  e   d   i   t  :   P   I   B
Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru speaking fromtheRedFort,15 August 1947

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