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A Timeline of Christianity

A Timeline of Christianity

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Published by Steve-O
With respect to the early timeline, we can know a few events: We can be fairly certain that Jesus was born in September or October of 2 BC and that he died in 33 AD. It is likely that Paul was martyred in 67 AD. James was martyred in 62 AD. Beyond this most everything else is speculation apart from the historical data of the Romans who kept marvelous records which come down to us from men like Josephus or Tacitus. In Matthew 16:18-19 the Word of God tells us the Apostle Peter was given the keys
to the kingdom of heaven and how he expressed these keys was forever bound
and loosed in heaven and earth. This indicates any change of any kind to the
requirements of Repentance, Water Baptism by Submersion, and the exclusive
use of the name of the Lord Jesus Christ in water baptism will result in a
change to the keys of Peter and will not be accepted as the one pathway to
salvation and heaven.
With respect to the early timeline, we can know a few events: We can be fairly certain that Jesus was born in September or October of 2 BC and that he died in 33 AD. It is likely that Paul was martyred in 67 AD. James was martyred in 62 AD. Beyond this most everything else is speculation apart from the historical data of the Romans who kept marvelous records which come down to us from men like Josephus or Tacitus. In Matthew 16:18-19 the Word of God tells us the Apostle Peter was given the keys
to the kingdom of heaven and how he expressed these keys was forever bound
and loosed in heaven and earth. This indicates any change of any kind to the
requirements of Repentance, Water Baptism by Submersion, and the exclusive
use of the name of the Lord Jesus Christ in water baptism will result in a
change to the keys of Peter and will not be accepted as the one pathway to
salvation and heaven.

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Published by: Steve-O on May 10, 2013
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A Timeline of Christianity
 . With respect to the early timeline, we can know a few events: We can be fairly certainthat Jesus was born in September or October of 2 BC and that he died in 33 AD. It islikely that Paul was martyred in 67 AD. James was martyred in 62 AD. Beyond this mosteverything else is speculation apart from the historical data of the Romans who keptmarvelous records which come down to us from men like Josephus or Tacitus. Paycareful attention to Jewish events which I’ve listed. Key to understanding many of theevents recorded in the Gospels and Acts is to grasp the background of the Jewish milieuof the 1st century. This will be gone into in greater detail at another time, but the sourceof nearly all the strife between Jesus, the Apostles, and what the translators of the Biblemistakenly label as "Pharisees" or "Jews" were those Pharisees who were influenced bythe
School of Shammai
--an ultraconservative religious institution that openly espousedseparation of the races and the denial of salvation for anyone who wasn’t born Jewish.
BC
 44 Julius Ceasar assassinated.41 Marc Antony names Herod the Great king of Judea.29 Octavian, nephew of Julius Caesar conferred the title of 
 Augustus
by the Senate.20 Schools of Hillel and Shammai founded.19 Herod begins to rebuild the Temple.3-2 Jesus and John the Baptist born. Herod dies; succeeded by Archelaus.
AD
 1 Paul Born?5 John the Apostle born?6 Annas becomes High Priest. Archelaus deposed by Augustus and replaced by HerodAntipas.7 A young Jesus astounds the religious leaders in the Temple with his wisdom.
 
8 The School of Shammai (the dominant group of Pharisees in the 1st century), issues 18edicts meant to create forced separation between Jews and Gentiles. These edicts will beaccepted by most Jews and will form the basis for the opposition by 'the Jews" and the"Pharisees" to the mission of Jesus and the Apostles). A number of rabbis from the schoolof Hillel (called "prophets" in the Talmud) are murdered by Zealots sympathetic toShammai, which Jesus may later refer to in Matthew 23:30-31.10 Hillel (founder of the Pharisee School of Hillel) dies; succeeded by his son Shimon.14 Augustus dies; Tiberius succeeds him as emperor.15 Annas removed as High Priest and son-in-law Caiaphas eventually succeeds him.26 Pontius Pilate becomes Procurator of Judea.27 John the Baptist begins his ministry. Herod Antipas marries his brother’s wife.28-29 Jesus begins His ministry.29 John the Baptist beheaded by Herod..31 Gamaliel, head of the Sanhedrin, encourages tolerance of the Christians33Jesus crucified and resurrected. Shammai (founder of the Pharisee school of Shammai)dies.33 Steven stoned. The school of Shammai attempts a power play, expelling all non-Hebrew Jews from Jerusalem. The Christians (Acts 8) are swept up in this and arescattered abroad, while the Hebrew Apostles remain in Jerusalem. Phillip preaches theGospel in "Samaria" (probably Ceasrea).34 Paul persecutes the Christians but undergoes conversion, thereafter spending threeyears in Damascus, eventually becoming the target of an assassination attempt.36 Pilate butchers a group of Samaritans and is relieved of his position as Procurator for this act, and his treatment of Herod Agrippa; he commits suicide in Italy a year later.James, brother of John, martyred by Herod.37 Tiberius dies; Caligula succeeds him as emperor. Paul meets with key apostles inJerusalem; then he begins proclaiming Christ boldly, enraging the religious leaders. He isforced to go home to Tarsus by the church elders and the Christian church then ‘
had restand was edified
once Paul and his zeal were removed. Caiaphas removed as High Priest
 
 by Pilate’s successor Vitellius; Jonathan succeeds him. Peter founds the church inAntioch.40-41 Conversion of Cornelius. Caligula orders a statue of himself placed in the Templeat Jerusalem but is assassinated before the order is carried out. Claudius is declaredemperor by the Praetorian Guard.44 Paul and Barnabas minister in Antioch; the term
Christian
comes to be used there for Believers. James, brother of John, beheaded. Agrippa I dies (Acts 12).46-48 First missionary trip of Paul and Barnabas to Cypress (Acts 13, 14). Ananiasappointed High Priest. Book of Galatians and James written (?).49 Council of Jerusalem deals with the subject of Gentiles in the church. James--notPeter--issues a decree that the Gentiles are relieved from following the Torah and becoming circumcised. Claudius expels the Jews from Rome as tension betweenorthodox and Christian Jews flares up in violence.50-52 Paul and Barnabas separate over young John Mark; Paul undertakes secondmissionary journey with Silas, and spends 18 months in Corinth. Books of 1st and 2ndThessalonians written. The Virgin Mary dies in Ephesus at age 64 (?); Church traditionwill assert that she undergoes an immediate resurrection and is assumed into Heaven.Gamaliel dies. Matthew’s Gospel possibly written in Aramaic, to be followed by a Greek translation after Mark’s Gospel makes use of it. Agrippa II made king of Chalcis byClaudius. Felix appointed procurator of Judea (Acts 23).53-54 1st and 2nd Corinthians written. Book of Romans written?54 Claudius poisoned and succeeded by Nero (whose real name was Lucius DomitiusAhenobarbus).55 The "Egyptian" (see Acts 21:37) and thousands of Jews slain during a re-enactment of Exodus.56-57 Book of Romans written, Paul brings donations to the church in Jerusalem.58 Paul tried before Festus, appeals to Ceasar and sent to Rome for two years; evidently Nero* finds him innocent of wrongdoing.*
Or, more specifically, Afranius Burrus, the Praetorian Prefect who appears to have treated Paul well andwho also, with the Stoic Seneca, kept Nero on a reasonably benign path. According to Tacitus, Nero did not judge cases personally appealed to him, delegating that to the Praetorian Prefect. Paul’s second judgment,in which he was found guilty and martyred, would have been under Gaius Ofonius Tigellinus, Burrus’replacement from 62AD, who was noted as a particularly odious and cruel Sicilian.
60-63 Gospel of Luke, Colossians, and Ephesians written.62 James, head of the Jerusalem church, stoned and clubbed to death. Simeon, son of Cleopas, succeeds him. Books of Ephesians and Colossians written. Mark, who heads thechurch in Alexandria, gives up the position to Annianus.63 Jews begin forming rebellion against Roman rule. Philemon written.64 Rome burns; Nero blames the Christians and severe persecution begins. Book of Actswritten. Matthias stoned to death.65 1st and 2nd Peter written.

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