From simple to complicated part programmes are keyed into the hard disk of the CNCcomputer (or) DNC computer and it can be downloaded at any time for execution.The programme can be modified, edited, some part may be added and, some part may hedeleted.It is highly flexible. So nowadays, the choice is only for computer and so the CNCsystem will be selected with use of computers only.The part programmes loaded in the floppy (or) CD ROM can be used for partprogramming.
Open loop vs Closed loop system
We know already, the open loop control system have no feed back devices whereas theclosed loop systems have feedback devices.The closed loop control systems are more precise when compared with open loop system.But closed loop system is more expensive.If we use ‘digital pulse hydraulic motor’ in the open loop control system, we caneliminate need of closed loop system
Linear vs Rotary Transducers
Transducers are used to convert the mechanical movements into electrical signals.The linear transducers get direct drive from actual slide displacement.But, rotary transducers have indirect measurement by being attached at the ends of thelead screws and hence it simulates only the relative movement of tool and work piece.Linear transducer like ‘Ferranti’ systems is more accurate and widely accepted.But nowadays, the rotary transducers like ‘Synchro’ systems are slowly getting accepted.By analyzing different control systems, the designer can select the proper control systemaccording to the customer’s need and requirement.
Mechanical System Design
The conventional machines failed because of following factors.1. Lack of stiffness.2. Back lash - It is the clearances i threads of lead screws etc3. Machine tool resonance4. Machine tool chatter.