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13thAteneo FactCheck 2013 Project Brief: Political Dynasty and Party Switching Dynamics

13thAteneo FactCheck 2013 Project Brief: Political Dynasty and Party Switching Dynamics

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Briefing paper on 2013 Philippine midterm elections-senator candidates; their party affiliations and switches across different elections. Produced by Ateneo de Manila Univ.-Office of the Vice President for Social Development and ASoG-PODER.
Briefing paper on 2013 Philippine midterm elections-senator candidates; their party affiliations and switches across different elections. Produced by Ateneo de Manila Univ.-Office of the Vice President for Social Development and ASoG-PODER.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Ateneo School of Government on May 11, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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Brought to you by
OFFICE OF THE VICE PRESIDENT FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
and
ATENEO SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT
through its
POLITICAL DEMOCRACY AND REFORMS (PODER) PROGRAM
 
 Ateneo FactCheck 2013Thirteenth Brief 
Fact Check: Political Dynasty and Political Party Switching Dynamics
In the Philippines, party-switching or political turncoatism is a common politicaloccurrence. Candidate shift from one party to another before and after elections accordingto which best serve their political interest. This is both a cause and an effect of a weak party
system in the country, which has been established as one of the major gaps in the country’s
democratic system. While party-switching is generally tolerated, there is also a relativelevel of distaste towards turncoats which is referred to in
Filipino as “balimbing,” as it 
comes with the reputation of questionable loyalty or commitment.One argument for the prevalence of party-switching is the weakness of parties. Instead of 
parties serving as machineries of candidates, politicians’ politica
l families instead provide
the more reliable political backing for politicians’ electoral bid. In fact, there are parties in
the country that exist and are sustained in account of the support of known political patronfrom well-entrenched political families or dynasties.This FactCheck checks on the dynamics of party switching and political dynasty. It checksthis certain common notion: that candidates who are members of political dynasties areparty switchers, while those not belonging to dynasties tend to stick to their parties more,thereby indicating the lower significance of parties for candidates from political dynastiesthan for those not belonging to political dynasties.
Claim:
Most of the top candidates for the Senate are party-switchers, with candidates whoare members of political dynasties having greater propensity to switch parties, while thosenot belonging to dynasties tending to stick to their parties more, thereby indicating thelower significance of parties for candidates from political dynasties than for those not belonging to political dynasties.
Fact Checked:
Quantitatively, this claim is not totally true. Among the 13 candidates from politicaldynasties in the top 20 of surveys, there is an almost equal divide between those who haveswitched parties and those who stuck to their parties in their legislative career. Among the13 candidates belonging to political dynasties, seven are switchers and six are non-switchers. Alan Cayetano, Ting-ting Cojuangco, Chiz Escudero, Dick Gordon, Ernesto
 
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Brought to you by
OFFICE OF THE VICE PRESIDENT FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
and
ATENEO SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT
through its
POLITICAL DEMOCRACY AND REFORMS (PODER) PROGRAM
 
Maceda, Jun Magsaysay and Miguel Zubiri make up the list for candidate who are frompolitical dynasties and have switched parties throughout their political careers.Name History of being a member of a dynasty
History of Party Switching
AlanCayetanoLocality: Taguig City
Wife, Laarni “Lani” Cayetano is current Mayor of 
TaguigNephew, Lino Edgardo S. Cayetano is running for2
nd
Legislative District RepSister, Pia Cayetano is current Senator
1 SWITCH'92 - '05 LAKAS CMD'05 - Present NP
TingtingCojuangcoLocality: Tarlac ProvinceBrother in law, Enrique Henry Cojuangco, Rep of 1
st 
District of TarlacNephew, Miguel Cojuangco Rivilla, MunicipalMayor Paniqui, TarlacNephew, Dr. Isabel Cojuangco-Suntay, runningfor governorNephew, Benigno Aquino III, is current President 
2 SWITCHESPresent
 – 
PDP-LabanFormer chair of KampiRunning under UNA
ChizEscuderoLocality, Sorsogon ProvinceUncle, Antonio Escudero, Jr., Vice Governor,SorsogonUncle, Ramon Escudero, Vice Mayor, Casiguran,SorsogonUncle, Rico Hatoc, Councilor, Casiguran, SorgosonUncle, Dennis Escudero, Councilor, Casiguran,SorgosonNanay Escudero is running for LegislativeDistrict Seat 
2 SWITCHES'98-'09 NPC'09 - Present Independent'05-'07 Genuine Opposition
Dick GordonLocality: Zambales Province, Olongapo CityWife, Katherine H. Gordon, former CongressionalDistrict Representative of Zambales from 1987-1995. former Mayor of Olongapo from 1995
 2004Brother, Jame Gordon Jr. former Congressionalrepresentative of the first district of Zambalesfrom 1995-2004. Mayor of Olongapo from 2004until 2013. He is now running as representativeof Zambales againSister-in-law, Anne Marie Gordon, wife of JamesGordon Jr. was elected Vice
Governor of 
2 SWITCHES'88-'04 NP'04-'09 Ind'09-present Bagumbayan-VNPrunning under UNA
 
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Brought to you by
OFFICE OF THE VICE PRESIDENT FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
and
ATENEO SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT
through its
POLITICAL DEMOCRACY AND REFORMS (PODER) PROGRAM
 
Zambales from 2007-2010. She is running asmayor this coming electionsSon, Brian Patrick Gordon, served as citycouncilor from 2004-2007. He is running as vicemayor in the 2013 electionsNephew, John Carlos Delos Reyes, former citycouncilor from 1995 to 1998 and 2007 to 2010.He is now running as senator under the AngKapatiran PartyErnestoMacedaLocality: ManilaSon, Edward Maceda, is Manila City Councilor
3 SWITCHES'71-72 NP'92-98 'NPC'98 - present PMPRunning under UNA
JunMagsaysayLocality: ZambalesNiece-in-law Mitos Magsaysay, Congresswomanand currently running for Senate
4 SWITCHES'65-'69 LP'92 PRP'95-'05 Lakas CMD'12-present LP
Migz ZubiriMEMBERLocality: Bukidnon ProvinceFather, Jose Maria R. Zubiri Jr., Vice Governor,BukidnonBrother, Jose F. Zubiri III, Representative,3
rd
district of BukidnonCousin, Ignacio W. Zubiri, Major, Malaybalay City,Bukidnon
2 SWITCHES'98-'11 Lakas CMD'11-'12 Ind'12 - present PMP Now Running under UNA
SonnyAngaraMEMBERLocality: Aurora Province
LDP since 2004

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