Isentropic Flow with Variable Area
A steady one dimensional isentropic flow in variable area passages is calledvariable area flow. The following assumptions are made in this chapter.
1. The flow is assumed to be a steady flow
If the flow parameters do not vary with time is referred to as steady flow
2. The direction of flow is one—dimensional
If the flow parameters do not vary in directions normal to the flow direction is one— dimensional flow.
3. The flow is assumed as isentropic flow
It is assumed that the heat transfer is negligible and there are no other irreversibilities dueto fluid friction etc.,But the real systems deviate from the above assumed isentropic process. Therefore it isused as a standard reference for comparing the actual one.
2.1Comparison of Isentropic and Adiabatic processes
Fig 2.1 shows adiabatic and isentropic expansion of a perfect gas between two states Iand 2.