National Park ServiceU.S. Department of the InteriorVicksburg National Military Park
Bonnie Blue Flag
On January 9, 1861, the Convention of the People of Mississippiadopted an ordinance of Secession. With the announcement of theOrdinance, a large blue flag bearing a single white star was raisedover the State Capitol building in Jackson.
The LoneStar FlagRepublic ofWest Florida
incorporated in the LouisianaPurchase, officials took possessionof the area and added it to theMississippi Territory.The lone star flag was flown bymany states, the first recorded usedating to 1810 by the Republic of West Florida. This Republicencompassed the southernmostcounties of Mississippi, an areabought by the United States with theLouisiana Purchase, but whichbecame disputed territory whenSpain refused to evacuate the area.American settlers who rebelledagainst the Spanish, driving themeast, formed the Republic andapplied for U.S. statehood. WhenPresident James Madisonresponded that the area was alreadyThe memory of the West Floridamovement lived on in Southerntradition, and the flag became theflag of the Republic of Texas from1836 to 1839. It would rise again asthe flag of the Republic of Mississippi for a few weeks in 1861,and served as the unofficial flag of the Confederacy until replaced bythe
‘Stars and Bars.’