Lateral erosion :
It occurs when a river does not follow astraight path but meanders, swingingfrom side to side.
The strongest current flows around theoutside of the bend and hydraulic actionand corrosion cause the riverbanks tobe undermined and collapse.
It is most active where a river transportsa large load or during short-lived floodunder desert conditions.
Valley widening is due more toweathering and slope transport thanlateral erosion by rivers.2.Vertical erosion:
Characteristic of fast-flowing rivers thatare transporting a large bedload of coarse, hard particles.
The particles abrade and potholecausing rapid lowering of river bed.
Such rivers tend to flow in deep, narrowgorges, as resistant rocks of the valleyslopes restrict weathering of slopeseither side.