Both the Space Elevator and the Space Escalator Carousel have the potential to bypass the ex-traordinary energy inefficiency of rocketry space access from the ground, in a time when en-ergy is becoming very expensive, perhaps to crippling levels. Electrically lifting spacecraft's payloads to high earth orbit could finally enable the 1960's concept of SSPS to be built there inGEO, and similarly an incredible array of other things of great usefulness to civilization would become possible. Yet, the way the elevator and escalator would do it is very different; and thosedifferences control what can be effectively done with each. Their overall shape is very different,their means of structural support and required materials strength is very different, their means of lifting payload between ground and space is very different, their vehicular traffic flow potentialis different, their control complexity and wind compensation is different. The elevator's shape islinear, to out beyond GEO for counterweight balance, GEO connection is above ground terminalsite; whereas the escalator's shape is elliptical, encircling the planet, its GEO connection is abovethe opposite part of planet relative to ground terminal point. Their means to support their hugestructure's weight is totally different, in that the space elevator utilizes the centrifugal force oncounterweight mass out beyond GEO to exert upward pull to balance the weight of anchoredtether below GEO, thus extreme tensile strength to mass ratio tether material is needed; whereasthe space escalator's weight is centrifugally supported by stored kinetic energy within the planet-encircling structure, thus requires only conventional strength materials. The escalator's shape be-ing approximately that of an orbital transfer trajectory between earth equatorial surface, loop-ing around the planet elliptically to reach GEO above the opposite side of the earth; the arma-ture mass streams travel on inductive maglev tracks sufficiently faster than orbital velocity as tocreate outward centrifugal force somewhat greater than that needed to counterbalance the weightof the stationary part of the structure with its loads. Laterally-coupled tracks carry sets of counter-rotating armature mass streams, both to provide upward-bound kinetic energy on bothsides of the planet, and to balance gyroscopic precession forces. It's basic conceptual complexityis similar to the common CD drive in one's computer, with its combination of rotary and linear synchronous electric motor functions. Perhaps most significantly, they are very different in theway they lift payload from ground to space; the elevator's vehicles need carry an energy sourceto climb up and down tether, or need to receive tracking laser beam energy from ground or GEOlaser sites; upper tether end interference with tracking lasers limits number of vehicles at anygiven time, as well as counterbalance overload limit; whereas in the escalator carousel, vehiclesinductively tap into momentum of high velocity mass stream energy continuously flowing withinstructure all the way between ground and GEO to lift spacecraft with their payloads; servo loopsinclude specific increase in input energy, at the ground site accelerator, needed to lift eachvehicle added, thus hundreds of vehicles can be lifted at any given time. Much of the returningvehicle’s energy is reclaimed by the carousel.The carousel space escalator to GEO is a dynamic transportation structure, in that thecontinuous flow of kinetic energy within the structure is integral to the structure as the materialswith which it is made. Like the air pressurizing one’s car’s tires, or the whirl of a lasso; Thecontinuous stored energy is a requirement of structural formation. Perhaps we are accustomed toonly thoughts of movement as a means of something going from one place to another. Havingmovement stored within a structure may be a sufficiently unusual, thought, as to invite a bit of examination, if not yet comfortable with it.
3. Common Purposes
Much as the railroads brought forth the incorporation of mid-continental United States intocivilization, so also the construction of electrically powered efficient continuous high capacitytransportation between the earth surface and high earth orbit could enable large scale expansionof civilization to there, and then on to the solar system’s vast resources from there. Perhaps mostobvious is to finally be able to adequately efficiently lift the construction materials to GEO for