The layout of pressure irrigation systems depends mainly on the type of the crop, its value,rotation, soil texture, weather, and cost of the selected system (the cost of an alternativelayout or technology is also taken in account). As a result, there isn’t any simple “menu” thatanyone can follow. It is especially difficult with the selection of a proper irrigation technologyfor use. Countries with different climates may use different irrigation technology and layoutfor the same crop. While the hydraulic principles for selecting proper pipes are common toany type of irrigation system anywhere. This publication deals only with practical methodsfor designing of any pressure irrigation system.
Water Flow in a Pipe
Commercial pipes, which are in used in a pressure irrigation system, are made of differentmaterials. Lately, plastic pipes have become very popular in agriculture. However, there isn’tan agreement between countries with regard to the term which is used to indicate the diameter of the pipe, either mm or inch.
The diameter of a commercial pipe is usually defined by:
Inche – which indicates the internal diameter, and sometimes the external.
mm - which indicates the external diameter.
The cross-section area of a pipe is calculated by:
= ⊗ =⊗=⊗
π π π
A = internal cross section areaD = internal diameter of a pipe.R = internal radius of a pipe.3