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Early Version CentristatIon Concept

Early Version CentristatIon Concept

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Published by Jim Cline
Early files uploaded to the GEnie Information Network describing the Centristation concept for teleoperated building the classical wheel type mile-diameter space station in Low Earth Orbit; this concept was eventually published as the peer-reviewed technical paper "Wet Launch of Prefab Habitat Modules" in 1995.
Early files uploaded to the GEnie Information Network describing the Centristation concept for teleoperated building the classical wheel type mile-diameter space station in Low Earth Orbit; this concept was eventually published as the peer-reviewed technical paper "Wet Launch of Prefab Habitat Modules" in 1995.

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Published by: Jim Cline on Apr 09, 2009
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06/16/2009

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The Centristation Concept, early writings
CENTRISTATION IIIJ. E. D. Cline Dec. 17, 1989A pair of unmanned engine/control system flyback modules boost a segment of a centrifugalspace habitat toroid into LEO; during launch, space station segment is serving as the fueltank.This document outlines a conceptual design that is squarely on the path to spacecolonization. A low-cost, safe centrifugal space station, with its launching system, that isworthy of the 1990's. See sketch. This very economical space station conceptual designperhaps can rekindle America's interest in the adventure of space, while providing a solidstepping- stone towards extending mankind's living resources beyond earthsurface. Anadventurous, yet practical, Space Station Habitat.Features:--utilizes proven technologies.--a low-cost, versatile, rotating centrifugal 1-gee large space station is created.--a new class of launch vehicles is created, consisting of a pair of winged flyback modulescontaining only engines and control systems ... the first flyback engine cluster module dropsoff prior to orbital insertion, and the second smaller single-engine-module returns afterplacement of the habitat-module in position in orbit; and an upper stage which is built both asa furnished space station habitat module, and also as the fuel tank during launch.
 
This Space Station Habitat design is a segmented toroid, for indefinitely long habitation, aprecursor to an Island-One Stanford Torus space habitat. Each segment of the toruscircumference is built to also function as the upper stage and fuel tank during launch. Thereuseable engine(s) and control system return as stubby winged re-entry vehicles back to thelaunch pad site after finishing putting a segment of the toroid into LEO. (A pair of refurbishablestrap-on boosters, perhaps of AMROC LOX/SRB form, could be used instead of the secondflyback engine module).--- PURPOSE AND ADVANTAGES --- 1. Economical, safe space station construction is achieved by building the toroidal habitat onthe ground in nearly finished form; by shrinking the space shuttle orbiter to mere pair ofunmanned engine/control system flyback stubby winged shapes; making each toroidal spacestation habitat segment into a fuel tank temporarily for the launch as the upper stage; andautomatic docking of the modules to form the toroidal ring of dozens to hundreds ofsegments. The ring is then spun-up and ready for occupancy. The inhabiting workers reachthe free-fall vacuum industrial environment by climbing through spokes to the toroidal ring'shub.2. Centristation demonstrates space colonization, and quickly in the coming decade. As weknow, large-scale space colonization potentially can be an alternative to the crowding out offellow lifeforms on the planet, consuming finite natural resources rapidly, and littering ourhome planet with enormous heaps of garbage and refuse.3. This project supplies the drama of space colonization started in the 1990's. Mankind needsdaily drama in life just like food and shelter. Witness the lure of television shows andnewspaper headlines. Life in space needs to encompass all the functions of being human, inaddition to being interesting and sometimes adventurous. Life there needs to be shown to becapable of being very comfortable, safe, and supporting the mating and family-raisingactivities that humans normally need. The drama of achieving these in the vast room andresources of space can excite the imagination of humanity, supplying a new confidence in thefuture of humanity and of planet earth's ecology. And Centristation could be modified forrelocation at Mars' moon Phobos, or be boosted to GEO when KESTS (Kinetic-Energy-
 
Supported Transportation Structures) are operational. (An alternative way of financing thisproject thus might be to present it as an ongoing TV series, real-time, from inception tocompletion, showing also the spinnoffs developed by the Centristation project, such asrecycling, agriculture, and group lifestyles in action.)4. The rotating ring, or toroid shape, has long been in American awareness as the design fora permanently occupied space station, because it provides the artificial gravity needed fornormal bodily function. The centrifugal force simulated gravity is assumed to be able toprovide the means to overcome the unhealthy effects of weightlessness, such as immunesystem disfunction, bone loss and muscular atrophy; and allow a human being to have normalbodily functions such as bathroom activities. And people need the companionship of otherlifeforms: the animals, fish and plants also need "gravity."5. While it is a testing ground for the Stanford Torus Island One much larger design...to bebuilt from lunar raw materials later..., it will test those self-sufficient agricultural processes andfamily lifestyles in the relatively nearby LEO.The habitat additionally serves as home toworkers for adjacent free-fall, hard-vacuum manufacturing facilities, and is comfortablewaystation for early manned missions back to the moon and perhaps beyond to Mars' moonPhobos.(For a free drawing of this concept, send a SASE stamped, self-addressed envelope, to:JED ClineCENTRISTATION III5632 Van Nuys Blvd. Ste. 110Van Nuys, CA 91401

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