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Phillips RC, 2012. Operation Joint Guardian The U.S. Army in Kosovo, United States Army Center of Military History

Phillips RC, 2012. Operation Joint Guardian The U.S. Army in Kosovo, United States Army Center of Military History

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Published by: Foro Militar General on May 12, 2013
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07/28/2013

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Th U.S. Amy  Kosovo
OperATiOn
J
oint
G
uardian
 
Introduction
Athough the U.S. Arm has traditiona focused on conventionawarfare, it aso has a ong histor of conducting irreguar operations of amost ever nature and size. From “winning the west” and Civi War Reconstruction to nation buiding in Cuba and the Phiippines and theoccupation duties foowing both Word Wars, the scope of these respon-sibiities has indeed been immense. Most recent, the Vietnam War andthe arger Cod War of which it was a part sparked a renewed interest in both counterinsurgenc warfare as we as a broad range of “operationsother than war” missions. The empoment of Arm troops domesti-ca in Civi Rights enforcement, riot contro, refugee management,and border securit on added to the mix. Doctrina changes seemed tofoow one after the other, whie in practice each situation appeared toca for unique soutions and an emphasis on fexibiit rather than rotetactica formuas. The Arm’s recent depoments to Somaia, Haiti, andBosnia-Herzegovina on reinforced such generaizations.In Bosnia, the Arm worked with its European aies to enforce anegotiated settement among riva ethnic groups foowing a ong andvioent civi war. But no sooner had reative peace come to the area inthe ate 1990s than another confict arose to the immediate south whenethnic vioence spied over into the nearb Serbian province of Kosovo.B ear 1999, more than eight-hundred thousand ethnic Abanians had been driven out of Kosovo b Serbian forces under Sobodan Miosevic,whie as man as tweve thousand ma have been murdered in a waveof ethnic ceansing that horrified the word.Working again in concert with European aies, U.S. forces enteredKosovo in June 1999 with the primar objective of bringing peace to thattroubed and. The task, code named Operation
J
oint
G
uardian
, provedexceeding difficut. Entrenched ethnic hatred between Abanians andSerbians continued to fue the confict, and the genera devastationcontinued for man weeks. Organized as the Kosovo Forces (KFOR),the Aies were fina abe to enforce a tentative peace b October of that ear. But as of 2007, the current peacekeeping mission has no endin sight, whie the path eading to a arger poitica soution regardingKosovo’s future has been equa eusive.

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