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Waste water pumps

Waste water pumps

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Published by GrundfosEgypt
Pump system layout
Sizing of pumps
Pump service life
Density and viscosity
Pump sump
Grinder pump application
Power supply
Liquid temperature
Practical examples
Pump system layout
Sizing of pumps
Pump service life
Density and viscosity
Pump sump
Grinder pump application
Power supply
Liquid temperature
Practical examples

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Published by: GrundfosEgypt on May 12, 2013
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08/31/2014

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WastewaterPumps
Engineering Manual
 
Copyright © 2001 byGRUNDFOS A/SDK-8850 BjerringbroDenmark
Third edition
. Only minor textual changes.All rights reserved.No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by anymeans without the prior written permission of the publisher.Printed in Denmark by bb OFFSET
 
3
1. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.1. Pump system layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51.2. Location of pump system . . . . . . . . . . 51.3. Types of pump system . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51.4. Inflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2. Sizing of pumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
2.1. Calculation of capacity & numberof pumps and duty mode . . . . . . . . . 152.2. Selection of pump and pipe layout 162.3. Determination of system characteristic . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172.4. Pump selection andpump characteristic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
3. Pump service life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
3.1. Abrasive liquids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233.2. Corrosive liquids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243.3. Cavitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263.4. Combined effect onimpeller service life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
4. Density and viscosity . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
4.1. Pump performance inhigh-density liquid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 294.2. Pump performance inhighly viscous liquids . . . . . . . . . . . . . 304.3. Other pump types forhandling high-density liquids . . . . . 314.4. Pump selection for differentsludge types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
5. Power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
5.1. Undervoltage and overvoltage . . . . 355.2.Current asymmetry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 365.3. Voltage asymmetry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 375.4. Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 385.5. Voltage transients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
6. Liquid temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
6.1. External cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 396.2. High-temperature cable derating . 40
7. Pump sump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
7.1.Layout of pumping station inlet. . 417.2. Sizing of pump sump . . . . . . . . . . . . 467.3. Auto-coupling sealing . . . . . . . . . . . 50
8. Dry pit installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
8.1. Vibration and noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . 518.2.Cavitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 518.3. Suction pipework:dimensions and design . . . . . . . . . . 518.4. Pumping stationinternal pipework . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 538.5. Importance of duty point andproblems with off-duty pumps . . 538.6. Vibrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
9. Grinder pump application . . . . . . 5710. Discharge flow velocity . . . . . . . . . 59
10.1. Minimum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5910.2. Maximum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5910.3. Launcher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
11. Water hammer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6112. Key figures and diagrams . . . . . . . 67
12.1. Inlet flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6712.2. Pressure loss in pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . 6912.3. Friction loss in individualresistances (
x
-values) . . . . . . . . . . . 72
13. Practical examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
13.1. Case No. 1: Effluent pumping . . . . 7513.2. Case No. 2: Lifting stationfor domestic sewage . . . . . . . . . . . . 7913.3.Case No. 3: Pumping stationfor municipal sewage . . . . . . . . . . . 82
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