It is a fact that gases, vapours and mists escape during the production, processing, transportation and storage of flammable substances in the chemical and petrochemicalindustries, as well as in the production of mineral oil and natural gas, in mining and inmany other sectors. During many processes, especially in food industries, combustibledusts are also created.These flammable gases, vapours, mists, and dusts form an explosiveatmosphere with the oxygen in the air. If this atmosphere is ignited, explosions take place,which can result in severe harm to human life and property.To avoid the danger ofexplosions, protective specifications in the form of laws, regulations, and standards havebeen developed in most countries, which are aimed at ensuring that a high level of safety isobserved. Due to the growing international economic link, extensive progress hasbeen made in harmonizing regulations for explosion protection.The conditions for acomplete harmonization were created in the European Union by the 94/9/EC and 99/92/ECDirectives. However, there is still much to be done in this area world-wide. The aim of this brochure is to provide both experts and interested laymen with an overview of the fieldof explosion protection, in conjunction with electrical apparatus and installations. It doesnot replace the study of the relevant statutory regulations and applicable standards.In mining, miners underground have always lived under the threat of firedamp explosions.Herein lies the origins of explosion protection, which has been consistently developedin industrialized countries, and which now provides a high level of safety.
R.STAHL explosion protection