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Putkaradze Msoflios EnaTa Reestri Da Sakartvelo

Putkaradze Msoflios EnaTa Reestri Da Sakartvelo

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Published by Tariel Putkaradze
In the present study a well-known project “Linguarium Register” is discussed, on the basis of the theoretical preconditions of which, “the classification of peoples should be made according to the languages, and not vice versa”. The main author of the ethnolinguistic qualifications and the Atlas is Yuri Koryakov, Professor of Moscow State University; the Atlas is published by the Institute of Linguistics of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
In the network of scientific information, there are three different maps of Georgia created by Yuri Koriakov; all three are used actively. Two maps by Y.Koriakov are also used without alternative for the description of the modern Kartvelian linguistic world in the Georgian-language Wikipedia too (on the basis of the evidence of October-November, 2008: (http://linguarium.iling-ran.ru/maps/1-all.gif; http://linguarium.iling-ran.ru/maps/14-kartv.gif).
According to these maps and their explanations woo, the single Kartvelian linguistic world (one native language and dozens of dialects) is divided into five living and one dead languages; respectively, the present-day Georgian ethnos is represented as 5 ethnoses; in particular, in the view of our colleagues from Moscow: Megrelian, Laz, Georgian, Upper Svan (the Bal language) and Lower Svan are independent languages; accordingly, Megrel, Laz, Georgian, Balian (Upper Svan) and Lower Svan are independent ethnoses (EG). In addition, Old Georgian is regarded as a dead language.
The third map is inadequate too, the essential “novelty” of which is that the terms Samegrelo and historical Colchis (Colkhis) are equaled to each other; in particular, according to Y.Koryakov’s map it follows that linguistically, culturally and ethnically the Megrels have been separated from other Georgians for at least 3000 years.
In the present study a well-known project “Linguarium Register” is discussed, on the basis of the theoretical preconditions of which, “the classification of peoples should be made according to the languages, and not vice versa”. The main author of the ethnolinguistic qualifications and the Atlas is Yuri Koryakov, Professor of Moscow State University; the Atlas is published by the Institute of Linguistics of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
In the network of scientific information, there are three different maps of Georgia created by Yuri Koriakov; all three are used actively. Two maps by Y.Koriakov are also used without alternative for the description of the modern Kartvelian linguistic world in the Georgian-language Wikipedia too (on the basis of the evidence of October-November, 2008: (http://linguarium.iling-ran.ru/maps/1-all.gif; http://linguarium.iling-ran.ru/maps/14-kartv.gif).
According to these maps and their explanations woo, the single Kartvelian linguistic world (one native language and dozens of dialects) is divided into five living and one dead languages; respectively, the present-day Georgian ethnos is represented as 5 ethnoses; in particular, in the view of our colleagues from Moscow: Megrelian, Laz, Georgian, Upper Svan (the Bal language) and Lower Svan are independent languages; accordingly, Megrel, Laz, Georgian, Balian (Upper Svan) and Lower Svan are independent ethnoses (EG). In addition, Old Georgian is regarded as a dead language.
The third map is inadequate too, the essential “novelty” of which is that the terms Samegrelo and historical Colchis (Colkhis) are equaled to each other; in particular, according to Y.Koryakov’s map it follows that linguistically, culturally and ethnically the Megrels have been separated from other Georgians for at least 3000 years.

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Published by: Tariel Putkaradze on Apr 09, 2009
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06/28/2009

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prof. tariel futkaraZe
Tanamedrove qarTvelTa enobriv-eTnikuri aRwera"msoflios enaTa reestris" (
Linguarium.iling-ran.ru
)mixedviT da arsebuli sinamdvile
mocemuli individis aRqma xdeba TviTam pirovnebisa(TviTaRqma) dasxva adamianTamier. asea eris, eTnikuri jgufis, zogadad, garkveuliidentobis mqone sazogadoebis SemTxvevaSic.idealuri viTareba iSviaTadaa:
sxvaTa xedva srulad naklebad emTxvevapirovnul Tu erovnul TviTaRqmas,
magram normalur viTarebaSigareaRqmasa da TviTaRqmas Soris Tvisobrivi sxvaoba ara gvaqvs.bunebrivia, mocemuli subieqtis mimarT sazogadoebis damokidebulebasgansazRvravs am sazogadoebis xedvaTuinteresebida ara subieqtis azrisakuTar personaze.warmodgenili zogadi msjelobis fonzedavsvaT ramdenime kiTxva:-qarTvelebs rogor aRgviqvams Tanamedrove civilizebuli msoflio?-msoflios wamyvani saxelmwifoebi Tu mezoblebi romel teritoriasTvlian saqarTvelod -qarTvelTa istoriul sacxovrisaddaratom?-msoflios wamyvani saxelmwifoebi Tu mezoblebi romel teritoriasTvlian saqarTvelos amJamindeli saxelmwifos kuTvniladdaratom?
-msoflios wamyvani samecniero-saenciklopedio centrebi, saerTaSorisoorganizaciebi Tu sxva qveynebis xelisuflebebi vis TvlianqarTvelebad
da ratom
?-msoflios wamyvanisamecniero-saenciklopedio centrebis TvalTaxedviTra teritoria iTvleba qarTuli enis gavrcelebis arealad?
warmodgenil naSromSi urTierTganmsazRvreli bolo
ori TemiTSemovifarglebi.
qarTvelTa Sesaxeb msoflios ZiriTadi enciklopediebisa dacnobarebis monacemTa erTi nawili(franguli, espanuri, iaponurikvalifikaciebi), sadac yovelgvari mecnieruli argumentebis gareSeqarTvelad miCneuli ar aris qarTvelTa didi nawili, kritikuladgavaanalizeTsxva naSromebSi. aseve, vimsjeleT msoflios eTnologiur-lingvistur gverdsa(
ethnologue report for Georgiahttp://www.ethnologue.com
 
)damsoflios virtualuri istoriis gverdze arsebuli informaciebis(
http://vlib.iue.it/history/asia/georgia.html
 
)
araadekvaturobisSesaxeb
1
.aq mokledaRvniSnav, rom am da msoflioSi farTod gavrcelebulisxva kvalifikaciebis mixedviT, faqtebis sruli ignorirebiT 4-5enad/eTnosad aris warmodgenili
erTiani qarTuli ena/eTnosi
. mag.,msoflios virtualuri istoriis saqarTvelos gverdze prezidentis,parlamentisa da mTavrobis linkebTan erTad aris
P.J. Hillery-
is ruka,romlis ganmartebebis mixedviT, saqarTveloSi araqarTvelebis -
eTnikuriumciresobis -enebad miiCneva:
1. CeCnuri; 2. wova-TuSuri; 3. xunZaxuri; 4.
1
t.futkaraZe, 2005; t.futkaraZe, 2005a;t.futkaraZe, 2006; t.futkaraZe, 2008, # 2, gv. 46-62;t.futkaraZe, 2008a.; ix., agreTve:
http://www.scribd.com/people/documents/312450-tariel-putkaradze
.
 
2
uduri; 5. azerbaijanuli; 6. somxuri; 7. lazuri anu Wanuri; 8. megruli; 9.afxazuri; 10. svanuri; 11. osuri. aqve aRvniSnavT, rom am kvalifikaciebisCamosayalibeblad avtorma
(P.J. Hillery)
cxra weli iSroma (1996-2004)
2
.qvemoT warmovadgenT Tanamedroveobis erT-erT cnobil proeqts
"msoflios enaTa reestri",
romelic Tavisi arsiT eTnosTa da enaTaenciklopediuri atlasia.eTnolingvisturi kvalifikaciebisa da rukebisZiriTadi avtoria moskovis saxelmwifo universitetis profesori iurikoriakovi.
"msofliosenaTa reestri"
gamoqveynebulia ruseTismecnierebaTa akademiis lingvistikis institutis grifiT.winaswarve SevniSnav, rom proeqtis Teoriuli wanamZRvrebis mixedviT(i. koriakovi, t. maisaki)
xalxTa klasifikacia xdebaenebis mixedviTda arapiriqiT
3
; Tumcaiqve irkveva, rom avtorebi undoblad ekidebian enisa dadialeqtis gammijnavmaTTvis cnobilkriteriumebs. enad Tu kilodsaxeldebisas SedarebiT loialurad uyureben
sabazo leqsikiserTgvarobas
;Tumca,amgvari midgoma maTive kvalifikaciebs ayenebs eWvqveS(mag., Tundac, qarTulisa da megrulis, zemo da qvemo svanuris gamijvnisas).samecniero-sainformacio qselSi saqarTvelos Sesaxeb
iuri koriakovis
mier Seqmnili sami sxvadasxva rukaa; samive aqtiurad gamoiyeneba.Tanamedrove qarTveluri enobrivi samyaros aRsawerad qarTulenovanvikipediaSic ki ualternativodaa warmodgenilii.koriakovis produqcia(2008 wlis oqtomber-noembris monacemebiT); kerZod, qarTuli vikipediisgverdze, linkiT "kavkasiuri enebis atlasi, qarTveluri enebi" gavdivarTSemdeg rukaze (
http://linguarium.iling-ran.ru/maps/1-all.gif 
 
):
xolo, linkiT: "ruka. qarTveluri enebi" (
http://linguarium.iling-ran.ru/maps/14-kartv.gif 
 
)vecnobiT Semdeg variants:
 
2
Sdr.: TiTqmis analogiuria XX saukunis 30-iani wlebis sabWouri midgomac (ix., mag., i.stalini, 1951, gv. 18).
3
i. koriakovi, t. maisaki, 2001 (ix., agreTve:
http://linguarium.iling-ran.ru/sys.shtml
): "классификациянародов должна основываться на Систематике языков, а не наоборот".
 
3
orive rukisa da maTi ganmartebebis mixedviT erTiani qarTvelurienobrivi samyaro
(erTi dedaena da aTeulobiT dialeqti)
dayofilia xuTcocxal da erT mkvdar enad
4
; Sesabamisad, Tanamedrove qarTveli eri(eTnosi) warmodgenilia 5 xalxad (eTnosad); kerZod, moskoveli kolegebisazriT, damoukidebeli enebia: megruli, lazuri, qarTuli, zemosvanuri(baluri ena) da qvemosvanuri
5
, xolo damoukidebeli eTnosebia
(EG)
:megreli, lazi, qarTveli, baleli (zemo svani)da qvemo svani.saerTaSoriso mimoqcevaSi saqarTvelos Sesaxeb arsebobs i. koriakovismesame rukac
6
:
aq arsebiTi "siaxle"is aris, rom erTmaneTTan gaTanabrebulia terminebi:
samegrelo
da istoriuli
kolxa
(Colkhis),
riTac xazgasmulia
qarTulisa damegrulis dacalkeveba-daSorebis TiTqosda xangrZlivi istoria:
i. koriakovisrukis mixedviT gamodis, rom megrelebi enobriv-kulturul-eTnikurad sxvaqarTvelebisgan gamijnulni arian sul mcire 3000 welia.
 
4
meorerukazeratomRacsxvadasxvaferiTaa
aRmosavlurqarTuli
kiloebida
imerul-gurul-aWarul-imerxeul-taouri...
Tanac, taourimkvdardialeqtadaamiCneuli.
5
sxvagani. koriakoviqarTvelTa6 enasgamoyofs: megruli, lazuri, ZveliqarTuli,saSualoqarTuli, saeklesioqarTuli, svanuri(i. koriakovi, 2006, gv. 39-42; Sdr., i.koriakovi1 darguulienisnacvlad18 enasgamoyofs: darguulkiloebsenebadacxadebs).
6
prof. qevin TuiTis rekomendaciiT es ruka komentarebisTvis gadmomigzavna lingvisturirukebis frangma specialistma patrik lemonierma
(Patrick LEMONNIER 
).

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