Chapel of St Laurence, Bradford on Avon. Excavation record, Sept. 2000 andnotes on subsequent work Originally prepared Aug. 2001 by David A. Hinton, Department of Archaeology,University of Southampton, augmented June 2009
These notes are intended to be read together with 6 files of site drawings and photographs. The report on the excavation is in
, vol. 166(Hinton 2009), and further discussion is in a paper currently in proof (Hinton 2010).There is also a web-site that has colour images and general background prepared bytwo M.Sc. students, Graham Prowse and Anton Tait, currentlywww.soton.ac.uk/archaeology/research/projects/st_laurence_chapel.htmlThe excavation in Sept. 2000 was sponsored by the Trustees of the Chapel of StLaurence to celebrate the millennium of the donation of Bradford to ShaftesburyAbbey. It was undertaken to clarify whether there had been a chamber below thesouth porticus, which was demolished either in the Middle Ages, or at the time whenthe chapel was turned into a school, and a house for the school-master built on thesouth side. Masonry now below ground level had been observed by the architect J. T.Irvine in the 1870s (Taylor 1972), but he had not made a detailed record.Reinvestigation was recommended in the last full investigation of the building (Taylor 1973).As it was not intended that there should be any removal of ground layers that were notthe result of nineteenth-century backfilling of the area south of the chapel’s nave,single-context recording was not done, and there are no context record sheets of thenormal sort. I took notes at times during the work, relying on photographs andelevation drawings. What follows sets out those notes in more coherent order, withininverted commas, and also draws slightly more on my memory than it ought to do.Some other work was done at and near the chapel in 2004 and 2005. The observationsmade then are also reported.
Excavation Calendar Sept. 2000
The full Southampton team was six students and myself. Two of the students wereexperienced excavators, and all the others had done at least three weeks fieldwork ondepartmental projects. Work ran from Monday Sept. 11 to Friday Sept. 22, 2000; theintention was to work every day, but a national petrol crisis prevented us fromtravelling on Thursday 14
, and we had to use the train on the 15
; time was also lostto bad weather, and to travelling over from Southampton, but excavation had beencompleted by Sept. 20, when Tom Cromwell from English Heritage took survey photographs; these are not in the archive, as they duplicate those copied for it.The agreement with the Trustees of the Chapel was that we should remove about ametre of the earth back from the nave. Because it was found that the buttresses