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Hoffpauir ME, Jun-1991. Tactical Evolution in the Iraqi Army: The Abadan Island and Fish Lake Campaigns of the Iran-Iraq War, United States Army Command and Staff College

Hoffpauir ME, Jun-1991. Tactical Evolution in the Iraqi Army: The Abadan Island and Fish Lake Campaigns of the Iran-Iraq War, United States Army Command and Staff College

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Published by: Foro Militar General on May 13, 2013
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AD-A241
169
C
fll.l11
f11H
El~lilfl
DTI
i7
TACTICAL
EVOLUTION
IN
TIM
IRAQI
ARMY:
A
'
THE
AADAN
IsLaw
AND
rIsE
LAZ
CAMPAIGNS
OT4
IVf
OF
THE
IRAN-IPA
MAR
A
thesis
presented
to
the
Faculty
of
the
U.S.
Army
Command
and
General
Staff
College
in
partial
fulfillment
of
the
requirements
for
the
degree
MASTER
OF
MILITARY
ART
AND
SCIENCE
by
MICHAEL
E.
HOFFPAUIR,
MAJ,
USA
B.S.,
Nicholls
State
University,
Thibodaux
Louisiana,
1978
M.A.,
The
University
of
Texas
at
Austin,Austin
Texas,
1987
Fort
Leavenworth,
Kansas
1991
Approved
for
public
release;
distribution
is
unlimited.
 
REPORT
DOCUMENTATION
PAGE
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1.
AGENCY
USE
ONLY
(Loave
blank)-.
REPORT
DATE
J,
REPORT
TYPE
AND DATES
Cc
-
7
June
1991
jiaster's
Thesis,
1
Ag
T0-
7
June
91
4.
TITLE
ANO
SUBTITLE
S.
FUNDING
NUMBERS
TACTICAL
EVOLUTION
IN
THE
IRAQI
ARMY:THE
ABADAN
ISLAND
AND
FISH
LAKE
CAMPAIGNS
OF
THE
IRAN-IRAQ
WAR
6.
AUTHOR(S)
I
MAJ
Michael
E.
Hoffpauir,
USA
7.PERFORMING
ORGANIZATION
NAMI(S)
ANO
ADORISS(E$)LB
PERFORMING
ORGANIZATION
S..
Army
Command
and
General
Staff
College
-...
REPORT
NUMBER
ttn:
ATZL-SWD-GD
t.
Leavenworth,
KS
66027-6900
9.
SPONSORING'i"MONITORWNG
AGENCY
NAME(S) AND
ADORE$S([S)
10.
SPONSORING/I'MONITORING
AGENCY
REPORT NUMBER
It.
SUPPLEMENTARY
NOTES
12..
DISTRIIBUTION
i'AVAILASIUTYSTATEMENT
12
D"iSTRIBUTION
CODE
Approved
for
public
release;
A
distribution
is
unlimited
13.
ABSTRACT
(A~aimumn,0O;;imQ
Much
has
been
written
regarding
Iraqi
wartime
activities
at
the
strategic
and
operationallevels
during the
Iran-Iraq
War
(19O0-1988),
but
few
of
these
works
ad-
dress
tactical
operations.
This
thesis
fills
a
small
portion
of
that
void
byexam-
ining
the
evolution
of
selected
combat
tactics
used
by
Iraq's
ground
forces
in
the
battles
of Abadan
Island
(1980)
and
Fish
Lake
(1987).
From
its
limited
pre-war
combat
experiences,the
Iraqi
army
developed
tactics,
techniques
and
procedures
to
fight
in
desert
and
mountainous
environments.
When
th'.
Iraqi
army
moved
across the
Iranian
frontier
in
1980,
significant
shortcomings
sur-
faced
in
many
aspects
of
its
combat
operations
-
command
and
control
were
poor,
and
commanders
did
not
appear
to
understand
the
relationships
between
tactics,terrain,
and
mission.After
its
dismal
showing,
the
army
executed
a
static
defense
strategy
for
the
next
several
years.
Then
in
early
1Q87,
the
army
rebuffed
Iran's
most
determined
offensive
of
the
war,
showcasing
an
increasing
flexibility
to
handle
more
complex
tactical
situations
and
setting
the
stage
for
the
remarkable
successes
enjoyed
in
1988
that
brought
the
conflict
to
a
close.
14, SIUECTTEAMS15.
NUM5CR
O1F
AGES
IRAM,
IRAQ,
IRAM
IRAQ
l.AR,
URBAM
NWARFARE,
MOUT
157
Pages
IRAQI
ARMY,
TACTICS,
FIS!1
LAKE.
KIMORRAISHAHR,
ABADAN,
BASPA
is.
PRI
CODE
"1
.
SECURITY
CLASSIFICATION
IS.
SFCURITY
CLASSIFICATION
IS.
SE1CURITY
CLASICATION
20.
UMITATiON
OF
ASTIRACT
OF
REPORT
OF
THIS
PAO#
OF
ABSTRACT
UICLASSIFIED
.
UNCLASSIFIED
UNCLASSIFIED
NSN
7S40.0-2S0-SS00
Standstd
Fotm
29$
(Rev.
2-89)
Iplo4il
IN
AMU
Ste
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Ill.
s
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or
I"-.
.
r
~,:
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D13trtboit-jn/
TACTICAL
EVOLUTION
IN
TJE
I]&QI
ARMY:
AVijab-illt,
Codee
THE
ABADm
ISiam
Am
FISH
Lan
CGA•IGNs
-
Ta
or'..
OF
TMM
IRMIR-
WAR
Dist
speojal
A
thesis
presented
to
the
Faculty of
the
U.S.
ArmyCommand
and
General
Staff
College
in
partial
fulfillment
of
the
requirements
for
the
degree
MASTER
OF
MILITARY
ART
AND
SCIENCE
by
MICHAEL
E. ROFFPAUIR,
MAJ,
USA
B.S.,
Nicholls
State
University,
Thibodaux
Louisiana,
1978
M.A.,
The
University
of
Texas
at
Austin, Austin
Texas,
1987
Fort
Leavenworth,
Kansas
-1991
Approved
for
public
release;
distribution
is
unlimited.

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