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Camless Engine

Camless Engine

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Published by Abhishek Ranjan

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Published by: Abhishek Ranjan on Apr 10, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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CAMLESS ENGINESubmitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Bachelor of EngineeringToRajasthan UniversitySubmitted to : Submitted by :Rahul Goyal Abishek RanjanDepartment of mechanical engineeringYagyavalkya Institute of technologyJaipur Submitted on 2009-04-04
I would like to thank Mr. Rahul Goyal for his assistance and guidance . He has proven to be an excellent mentor and teacher, and I am thankful for his effort. I am especiallyappreciative of his willingness to listen and work with me to find the best solution,regardless of the challenge.
Presented within is a synopsis of the conceptual development, design, manufacture, andanalysis of a piezoelectric controlled hydraulic actuator. This actuator was developed for use as a replacement for the camshaft in an internal combustion engine (ICE). Itsdevelopment results in a new device; called the camless engine (CLE).The objective of the project was to design and manufacture a device that proved theconcept of a CLE. More specifically, it is a electro/hydraulic device capable of producingengine valve displacement at typical automotive demands. The goals for maximumdisplacement and frequency are 10 mm and 50 Hz, respectively. In general, the unit must be capable of varying engine valve displacement and valve timing.The system design utilized a customized piezoelectric stack and hydraulic spool valvecombined with an in-house designed hydraulic amplifier. Control is facilitated by afunction generator, and feedback is monitored with an oscilloscope.The resulting system is capable of displacing an engine valve to nearly 11 mm, andfrequencies up to 500 Hz have been obtained. The proof of concept can be consideredsuccessful, as it demonstrates the ability of piezoelectric control of hydraulics for use asan ICE valve actuator. Furthermore, the device has demonstrated potential areas of improvement that can be implemented in a second generation camless engine.The overall project was divided into three phases. First, conceptual development and areview of existing technology was completed. Second, design, manufacture, andassembly of the CLE was completed. Finally, testing and analysis was performed on the proof of concept device.iii

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