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Present Scenario of Solar Energy in India and Scope in Future DOC

Present Scenario of Solar Energy in India and Scope in Future DOC

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Published by Abhishek Ranjan
PRESENT SCENARIO OF USE OF SOLAR ENERGY IN INDIA & SCOPE IN FUTURE
INTRODUCION

• Sources of energy
The historical as well as present day civilisation of mankind are closely interwoven with energy and there is little reason to doubt but that in the future our existence will be ever more dependent upon this thing called energy. This is also proven with the consumption of energy country likewise one person of United nation of America (USA) consumes five time more energy than one person of India.
PRESENT SCENARIO OF USE OF SOLAR ENERGY IN INDIA & SCOPE IN FUTURE
INTRODUCION

• Sources of energy
The historical as well as present day civilisation of mankind are closely interwoven with energy and there is little reason to doubt but that in the future our existence will be ever more dependent upon this thing called energy. This is also proven with the consumption of energy country likewise one person of United nation of America (USA) consumes five time more energy than one person of India.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Abhishek Ranjan on Apr 10, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/09/2015

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PRESENT SCENARIO OF USE OF SOLAR ENERGY ININDIA & SCOPE IN FUTURE
INTRODUCION
Sources of energy
The historical as well as present day civilisation of mankind are closelyinterwoven with energy and there is little reason to doubt but that in the future our existence will be ever more dependent upon this thing called energy. This is also proven with the consumption of energy country likewise one person of United nationof America (USA) consumes five time more energy than one person of India. Thereare many sources of energy available and can be categorised as:Fig: sources of energy
 
SOURCES OFENERGY
CONVENTIONAL ENRGYSOURCES (FUELS)
 NON-CONVENTIONALENRGY SOURCES
SOLID- Coal, coke,cokeLIQUIDS- Petroleumand its derivativesGASES- Natural gas,Blast furnace gas etc.Solar energy. Nuclear energy.Energy stored inwater.Wind energy.Tidal energy.Geothermal energy.Thermoelectric power.
 
So it is clear that the conventional energy sources are limited and they produces theenergy on burning of them which is not desirable because of several hazards, but it isalso discussed that for the growth of mankind energy is important so, it is necessary to be focus on the non-conventional energy sources.
Sun as the source of energy
The sun is a sphere of intensely hot gaseous matter with a diameter of 1.39*10^9mand is, about 1.5*10^11m away from the earth, the sun rotates on its axis once aboutevery four weeks. The sun in effect is a continuous fusion reactor with its constituentgases as the “containing vessel” retained by gravitational forces. Several fusionreactions have been suggested as the source of energy radiated by the sun, the one to be considered the most important is the process in which four hydrogen atomscombine to form a one helium atom; the mass of the helium nucleus is less then thatof four protons, some mass having been lost in reaction and converted to energy.Since the energy getting from the sun is totally free of cost so the utilisation of solar energy is very beneficial hence there have been significant development in the field of solar energy science and technology is taken great interest in the recent years andcontinuous in these days also. For developing countries like India, providing energy toits citizens in an efficient and cost effective manner is a highly challenging task. Inspite of significant harnessing of the fossil fuel reserves and hydel power, the gap between supply and demand of energy is ever increasing. One of the possible optionso bridge this gap is by making the extensive use of solar energy. Solar energy can beused both directly and indirectly. Sun causes the wind to blow, plant o grow, water to be lifted from oceans to return through rivers, waves on water bodies to be formedand temperature to between surface and bottom layers of oceans. All can work as therenewable energy source. The various solar energy applications are as follows:1.Solar water heating2.Solar air heating3.Solar crop and timber drying4.Solar water distillation5.Solar cooking6.Solar passive and active heating of buildings
 
7.Solar refrigeration and air conditioning8.Solar power generation9.Solar electricity generation by solar cell etc. 
India is a country occupying 2% of the world's land mass and currently generatingabout 2% of the global electricity, mostly using low grade coal of which it has about5% of the world reserves. India has, however a share of 16% in the world's population. To achieve a modestly high level of economic growth, the domesticgeneration capacity needs to be increased at least tenfold, to about 900 GW. Even withfull utilisation of all existing commercially exploitable domestic hydrocarbon,hydroelectric and non-conventional resources, this level of increased generationcapacity cannot be sustained for more than a few decades. For a large country likeIndia, bulk imports of fuel or energy are neither affordable nor strategically prudent.To meet energy demand solar power can play an important role. 

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Tc Porwal added this note
very good opportunity for house hold. the govt. should ask banks to give lone at lower rate as they are giving for agriculture. this will give public some support. for intsallation of soler cell for their house.
Charles Char added this note
Really very good opportunity in India, We are no.1 R&D in this sector. Manufacturing , Marketing & erection.
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thanks a ton for the person who had taken immense preparation to upload such a content which is so helpful for the one who requires such information! VIVID EXPLANATION LAKSHMI NARASIMHAN
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it is helpful in my project.
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IT ALSO HELPED ME TO MY PROJECT .IT IS VERY NICE.

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