So it is clear that the conventional energy sources are limited and they produces theenergy on burning of them which is not desirable because of several hazards, but it isalso discussed that for the growth of mankind energy is important so, it is necessary to be focus on the non-conventional energy sources.
Sun as the source of energy
The sun is a sphere of intensely hot gaseous matter with a diameter of 1.39*10^9mand is, about 1.5*10^11m away from the earth, the sun rotates on its axis once aboutevery four weeks. The sun in effect is a continuous fusion reactor with its constituentgases as the “containing vessel” retained by gravitational forces. Several fusionreactions have been suggested as the source of energy radiated by the sun, the one to be considered the most important is the process in which four hydrogen atomscombine to form a one helium atom; the mass of the helium nucleus is less then thatof four protons, some mass having been lost in reaction and converted to energy.Since the energy getting from the sun is totally free of cost so the utilisation of solar energy is very beneficial hence there have been significant development in the field of solar energy science and technology is taken great interest in the recent years andcontinuous in these days also. For developing countries like India, providing energy toits citizens in an efficient and cost effective manner is a highly challenging task. Inspite of significant harnessing of the fossil fuel reserves and hydel power, the gap between supply and demand of energy is ever increasing. One of the possible optionso bridge this gap is by making the extensive use of solar energy. Solar energy can beused both directly and indirectly. Sun causes the wind to blow, plant o grow, water to be lifted from oceans to return through rivers, waves on water bodies to be formedand temperature to between surface and bottom layers of oceans. All can work as therenewable energy source. The various solar energy applications are as follows:1.Solar water heating2.Solar air heating3.Solar crop and timber drying4.Solar water distillation5.Solar cooking6.Solar passive and active heating of buildings