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Published by: Edwin Capdepomt on May 13, 2013
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 The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.3 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5997, USACopyright © 2000 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.All rights reserved. Published 6 June 2000. Printed in the United States of America.Print: ISBN 0-7381-1835-4 SH94800PDF: ISBN 0-7381-1836-2 SS94800No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form, in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise, without the priorwritten permission of the publisher.
 IEEE Std C57.129-1999
 IEEE Standard GeneralRequirements and Test Codefor Oil-Immersed HVDC ConverterTransformers
 Transformers Committee
 of the
 IEEE Power Engineering Society
 Approved 16 September 1999
 IEEE-SA Standards Board
The electrical, mechanical, and physical requirements of oil-immersed single-phase andthree-phase converter transformers are specified. Tests are described and test code defined.Devices such as arc furnace transformers and rectifier transformers for industrial or locomotiveapplications are not covered.
construction, converter transformers, HVDC, oil-immersed, rating, requirements, tests,test code
 IEEE Standards
 documents are developed within the IEEE Societies and the Standards Coordinating Com-mittees of the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) Standards Board. Members of the committees servevoluntarily and without compensation. They are not necessarily members of the Institute. The standardsdeveloped within IEEE represent a consensus of the broad expertise on the subject within the Institute aswell as those activities outside of IEEE that have expressed an interest in participating in the development of the standard.Use of an IEEE Standard is wholly voluntary. The existence of an IEEE Standard does not imply that thereare no other ways to produce, test, measure, purchase, market, or provide other goods and services related tothe scope of the IEEE Standard. Furthermore, the viewpoint expressed at the time a standard is approved andissued is subject to change brought about through developments in the state of the art and commentsreceived from users of the standard. Every IEEE Standard is subjected to review at least every five years forrevision or reaffirmation. When a document is more than five years old and has not been reaffirmed, it is rea-sonable to conclude that its contents, although still of some value, do not wholly reflect the present state of the art. Users are cautioned to check to determine that they have the latest edition of any IEEE Standard.Comments for revision of IEEE Standards are welcome from any interested party, regardless of membershipaffiliation with IEEE. Suggestions for changes in documents should be in the form of a proposed change of text, together with appropriate supporting comments.Interpretations: Occasionally questions may arise regarding the meaning of portions of standards as theyrelate to specific applications. When the need for interpretations is brought to the attention of IEEE, theInstitute will initiate action to prepare appropriate responses. Since IEEE Standards represent a consensus of all concerned interests, it is important to ensure that any interpretation has also received the concurrence of abalance of interests. For this reason, IEEE and the members of its societies and Standards CoordinatingCommittees are not able to provide an instant response to interpretation requests except in those cases wherethe matter has previously received formal consideration.Comments on standards and requests for interpretations should be addressed to:Secretary, IEEE-SA Standards Board445 Hoes LaneP.O. Box 1331Piscataway, NJ 08855-1331USAIEEE is the sole entity that may authorize the use of certification marks, trademarks, or other designations toindicate compliance with the materials set forth herein.Authorization to photocopy portions of any individual standard for internal or personal use is granted by theInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., provided that the appropriate fee is paid to CopyrightClearance Center. To arrange for payment of licensing fee, please contact Copyright Clearance Center, Cus-tomer Service, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923 USA; (978) 750-8400. Permission to photocopyportions of any individual standard for educational classroom use can also be obtained through the Copy-right Clearance Center.Note: Attention is called to the possibility that implementation of this standard mayrequire use of subject matter covered by patent rights. By publication of this standard,no position is taken with respect to the existence or validity of any patent rights inconnection therewith. The IEEE shall not be responsible for identifying patents forwhich a license may be required by an IEEE standard or for conducting inquiries intothe legal validity or scope of those patents that are brought to its attention.
 Copyright ' 2000 IEEE. All rights reserved.
 (This introduction is not part of IEEE Std C57.129-1999, IEEE Standard General Requirements and Test Code for Oil-Immersed HVDC Converter Transformers.)
 In 1986, the Transformers Committee of the IEEE Power Engineering Society created the HVDC ConverterTransformers and Smoothing Reactors Subcommittee. This subcommittee developed from the workinggroup that prepared Paper 85 SM 375-1, “Recommended Dielectric Tests and Test Procedures for ConverterTransformers and Smoothing Reactors.” Although HVDC transformers and smoothing reactors were beingbuilt and operated for over 20 years, prior to this standard there were only two papers available that pre-sented suggested dielectric tests for the HVDC equipment: IEEE Paper 85 mentioned above, and a CIGRÉpaper published in 1976. Clearly, with the increased activity in HVDC transmission, there was a significantneed for a standard covering the requirements and testing of inductive equipment for HVDC stations, andthe first responsibility of the new subcommittee was to create a proposed standard for HVDC stressed equip-ment. Two separate standards have been developed—one for oil-immersed transformers and one for bothdry-type and oil-immersed smoothing reactors.Significant accomplishments of this standard include:Establishment of dielectric tests on HVDC transformers. In addition to the polarity reversal test andlong-term dc tests recommended by the previous papers, a special 1 h ac applied voltage test on thedc-side winding has been included to demonstrate insulation integrity for service conditions. Theduration of the long-term dc test has been increased, and the polarity reversal test has been modifiedto include two reversals instead of one.Establishment of a procedure for measuring load losses at higher harmonics.At the time of publication of this document, membership of the HVDC Converter Transformers and Smooth-ing Reactors Subcommittee of the IEEE Transformers Committee was as follows:
 Richard Dudley,
 William (Bill) N. Kennedy,
 Other individuals who contributed to the development of the document are:
D. J. AllanJames CrossV. DahindenFred E. ElliotJoe FoldiJ. Alan C. ForrestLars-Erik JuhlinKlaus PappCarlos PiexotoEinar PurpaPierre RiffonGeorges H. VaillancourtJoe D. WatsonFrank DavidDonald A. GilliesPeter IijimaJack W. McGillE. T. NortonV. Q. PhamW. W. Stein

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