exposed to multiple forms of instruction including the use of mannequins and live animals
to practice advancedlife-saving techniques on small children and infants
Further, it states, “
Using mannequins [for intubation training]
isn’t as effective as using mannequins
a live animal
These marketing statements about the educational benefits of intubating cats are baseless, and arecontrary to medical best practices and the scientific evidence available on the subject. SLCH
advertising statements listed above leads consumers to believe they will be less qualified to perform procedures on infants if they do not participate in the training exercises on cats. Contrary to the falseimpression created by SLCH, the available scientific evidence demonstrates exactly the opposite.To begin with, the American Heart Association (AHA)
which developed and sponsors the course inquestion at SLCH
has clearly stated,
“We do not endorse or require the use of animals during the
AHA-PALS training because of advances and availability of simulation mannequins. These mannequins provide the opportunity to practice all the necessary skills required for successful completion of an AHA
It has also previously written
, “The AHA does not endorse the use of live animals for
PALS training. The use of lifel
ike training manikins for PALS courses is the standard accepted norm. …
[T]he AHA recommends that any hands-on intubation training for the AHA PALS course be performed
on lifelike human manikins.”
The AHA’s position against animal use is based on the sci
entific evidence that using animals does notimprove the intubation skills of trainees.A study published in the scientific journal
Pediatric Emergency Care
compared the pediatric intubationskills of medical care providers who had completed an initial training program on mannequins and thenhad either undergone additional training using mannequins or cats.
The study found that those who didthe additional mannequin training
instead of using animals were “
significantly more successful on thefirst attem
pt at intubation and overall,” and the study’s authors concluded that “
training on mannequinsallows for greater concentration by the trainee on technique. Without the urgency to place the tube,which is felt when practicing on animals or humans, the trainee is much more open to suggestions and
American Heart Association, E-mail to PETA, 18 Mar. 2013.
American Heart Association, Letter to PETA, 3 Feb. 2009.
Comparison of Intubation Skills Between Interfacility Transport Team Members,
(2000) 16: 5-8.