2language. Its variations are spoken outside Bastar in Maharashtra, Madhya spokenin seven districts of Bastar region of Chhattisgarh state, India. It is a creole of Marathi, Oriya and Hindi.Halbi has the status of the language of wide communication in Bastar region, where several other Indo-Aryan and Dravidian languages/dialects arespoken. It has traditional (oral) and modern (written) literature practices. Modernliterature goes back to the 3rd decade of the 20th century. Halbi is written withDevnagari script, because Hindi language is the official language of Chhattisgarhstate.Though Halbi is a creole of Marathi, Oriya and Hindi language, it should not be recognized as a dialect of Marathi, Hindi or Oriya as per its present form. Itshould be recognized as a separate language like Nepali. To develop it as a
literary language a separate script ‘Halbi Script’ has been devised.
This script has been designed after linguistic study of old and present scripts of the world andessential elements for an ideal script.
?Devnagri script is not used for any particular language/dialect, it isused for several languages of India and Napal; Halbi too is written withDevnagari. In beginning I wanted to use Devnagari script for Halbi, but I foundthat Devnagari and other syllabic scripts aren't sufficient to write the actual pronunciations of Halbi words. If we use to write actual pronunciation of Halbiwords with Devnagari or with other Indic scripts, it causes to use a number of 'halant'
signs or 'half' forms/glyphs of consonants to show pureconsonants. If we use any Indic script to write a word ends with a consonant, wehave to have
an inherent vowel 'a' (ә) at the end of a syllable unnecessarily.
There are some dialects related to Halbi are spoken in Odisha andAandhra Pradesh. The speakers of these dialects use Oriya and Telugu scripts towrite their dialects. That is why Halbi speakers of various states couldn'tcommunicate in writing with each-others. Another purpose of creating Halbiscript is to generate self respect and to promote writing and reading in Halbiamongst the Halbi speakers. No other specific script had been projected for Halbi language before the
. I studied many syllabic and alphabetic scripts of Asia,Europe and Africa. I also studied about characters/glyphs of the scripts inventedin the last century. I felt a need of a new alphabetic script for Halbi. In 1996 A.D.,I roughly created a new script which was totally different from this script. I didn'tsatisfy with the new script. I worked on the formula: