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Halvi Script of Bastar and Odisha, invented by Bikram Soni

Halvi Script of Bastar and Odisha, invented by Bikram Soni

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Bikram Soni of jagdalpur , Bastar of Chhattishgarh has invented Halvi Script which is much easier from Odiya and Devnagri script to learn and write from the sound symbol system point of view. Mr Soni has researched intensively and has invented a script which is so simple and intelligible that the writing system will be easily learnt.
Bikram Soni of jagdalpur , Bastar of Chhattishgarh has invented Halvi Script which is much easier from Odiya and Devnagri script to learn and write from the sound symbol system point of view. Mr Soni has researched intensively and has invented a script which is so simple and intelligible that the writing system will be easily learnt.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Mahendra Kumar Mishra on May 14, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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Bikram Soni , 40, a Master in History, playing stage drama, serving in acourt for his livelihood has invented script for Halvi language of Bastar Region of Chhattishgarh. His empirical experience on languages of tribalBastar is a rich resource for the state to make language planing likeusing the languages for school education and to use the knowledge of the language for ecology and literacy.Bikram Soni is an amazingpersonality of capturing the multidimensional aspects of culture which isabsent among the practitioners of fragmented disciplines found in theacademicia. We discussed with Mr Soni and found his work is compatibleto any trained linguist who claim his authority over the theory. But Soni isa person who also knows the grammar of the language while knowing theknowledge of the language. In the context it is maintained.His key article Halvi Schipt is presented to the global audience for anappreciation.
Mahendra Kumar Mishra
Folklore Foundation, India
Halbi Script
 
gkych yfif
To create a new script or to accept a new script for any language is not anew matter. In 1925 A.D. a new script 'Ol Chiki' was invented for Santhalilanguage by Pt. Raghunath murmu. Now 'Ol chiki' script is authorized script for Santhali. With this script Santhali has been recognized as a language in eighthschedule of the constitution of India. The old script of Manipuri language
‘Maitei’
had been forgotten and Manipuri was written with Bangali script until seventhdecade of the last century. In 1980 A.D. Maitei script is recognized as authorizedscript for Manipuri. There are so many scripts invented for tribal languages likeSaura, Gondi, kurux etc. Not only in India, but also in other countries thistradition of invention and acceptance of a new script for any language iscontinuing. In 1928 A.D. Roman script accepted for Turkish language instead of Arabic.Halbi (Hulbie) is an Indo-Aryan language mainly is spoken by about5,00,000.00 people as mother tongue and about 2,00,000.00 people as second
 
 2language. Its variations are spoken outside Bastar in Maharashtra, Madhya spokenin seven districts of Bastar region of Chhattisgarh state, India. It is a creole of Marathi, Oriya and Hindi.Halbi has the status of the language of wide communication in Bastar region, where several other Indo-Aryan and Dravidian languages/dialects arespoken. It has traditional (oral) and modern (written) literature practices. Modernliterature goes back to the 3rd decade of the 20th century. Halbi is written withDevnagari script, because Hindi language is the official language of Chhattisgarhstate.Though Halbi is a creole of Marathi, Oriya and Hindi language, it should not be recognized as a dialect of Marathi, Hindi or Oriya as per its present form. Itshould be recognized as a separate language like Nepali. To develop it as a
literary language a separate script ‘Halbi Script’ has been devised.
This script has been designed after linguistic study of old and present scripts of the world andessential elements for an ideal script.
Origin
Why
Halbi script 
?Devnagri script is not used for any particular language/dialect, it isused for several languages of India and Napal; Halbi too is written withDevnagari. In beginning I wanted to use Devnagari script for Halbi, but I foundthat Devnagari and other syllabic scripts aren't sufficient to write the actual pronunciations of Halbi words. If we use to write actual pronunciation of Halbiwords with Devnagari or with other Indic scripts, it causes to use a number of 'halant'
¼ 
vowel lesser 
½
signs or 'half' forms/glyphs of consonants to show pureconsonants. If we use any Indic script to write a word ends with a consonant, wehave to have
an inherent vowel 'a' (ә) at the end of a syllable unnecessarily.
There are some dialects related to Halbi are spoken in Odisha andAandhra Pradesh. The speakers of these dialects use Oriya and Telugu scripts towrite their dialects. That is why Halbi speakers of various states couldn'tcommunicate in writing with each-others. Another purpose of creating Halbiscript is to generate self respect and to promote writing and reading in Halbiamongst the Halbi speakers. No other specific script had been projected for Halbi language before the
 Halbi Script 
. I studied many syllabic and alphabetic scripts of Asia,Europe and Africa. I also studied about characters/glyphs of the scripts inventedin the last century. I felt a need of a new alphabetic script for Halbi. In 1996 A.D.,I roughly created a new script which was totally different from this script. I didn'tsatisfy with the new script. I worked on the formula:
 
3(a) The glyphs of Halbi letters should be modified forms of Devnagari letters,so that the people who know Devnagari script, can learn it easily.(b) Each glyph of the letters and diacritics should be simple drawing andwritten in a single stroke. That will make ease writing fast.(c) The script should have single type of letters for handwriting and printing,not like Latin and other European scripts.(d) Consonants, Vowels and Vowel diacritics should be written as these areappear in the pronunciation in a word.(e) Each consonant should be written everywhere as it is, but for nasalconsonant there should be option to write as 'Anuswar' sign (a point sign) likeother Indic scripts.Finally, I created the Halbi script in 2006 A.D.. I used this script to writeall the things in Halbi for a year and discussed with Halbi literaters and speakers.After that in 2007 A.D., I redesigned the glyphs. I searched for font makers inIndia and abroad, but nobody helped me. In 2010 A.D. a young man Mr. DheerajDas met me who was a resident of my hometown and proposed to make fonts for Halbi script. He kept his words. Now, he is a good friend of mine.Characteristics of Halbi script are as follows:-1. Direction of writing: left to write in horizontal lines.2. The glyphs of Halbi letters have been derived from Devnagari letters,so that the people who know Devnagari script, can learn it easily.3. Each glyph of the letters and diacritics is simple drawing and beingwritten in a single stroke.4. Halbi script has single type of letters for handwriting and printing. Inthis script people have to learn one sign for one letter, not likeLatin /European scripts - four signs/glyphs for each letter.5. It is an alphabetic script, but it has vowel diacritics (matras) like other Indic script to indicate dependent vowels. These diacritic signs/glyphsof diacritics are unique features of Halbi script. These diacritics marksalways appear after the related consonant. This is why the order of  pronunciation and spelling of a word matches.6. Halbi script has eight vowels and thirty two consonants. Vowels andconsonants which are not pronounced in Halbi are not included inHalbi script, because the words borrowed from other languages in

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