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Table Of Contents

Introduction
Developments in concrete
Production of concrete
Material
Process
Ingredients of concrete
History of cement
Composition of modern cement
Analysis of Reaction
Hydration of various compounds
Reaction of Hydration and Gain of Strength
Different types of cement
1. Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC)
2. Rapid Hardening Cement (RHC)
3. Sulphate Resistant Cement (SRC)
4. Blast furnace slag cement
Limitations of slag cement
Recommended use of Slag cement
5. Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC)
Advantages of Pozzolana cement
6. Air entraining cement
7. Quick Setting Cement
9. High alumina cement
Tests of Cement
A) Field Tests
B) Laboratory tests
a) Fineness of cement (IS 4031-1968)
b) Standard Consistency Test
c) Setting Time Tests
d) Soundness Test
e) Strength Test
f) Loss on Ignition Test
Storage of cement
Gain of strength in cement
Advantages of Blended Cement
1) Technical advantages
2) Environmental advantages
Types of Aggregates
Properties of aggregates
Phases of concrete
Sieve Analysis of Aggregates
Quality of Aggregates
Gap grading of Aggregates
Advantages of Gap Grading
Bulking of Sand
Mechanism of water reduction
2) Retarding Admixtures
3) Air entraining Admixtures
4) Accelerating admixtures
Factors affecting the performance of Admixture
Recommended Methods for better performance
Process for Concrete Production
1) Proportioning
2) Mixing
Type of Batch Mixers
Sequence of charging ingredients
Mixing time
3) Transportation
4) Compaction
5) Curing
Methods of curing
Important observations regarding curing
Definition of mix design
Types of Mix Design
Designation of concrete
Sampling
Cube Casting
Cube Testing
Importance of Cube Test
Statistical interpretation of cube results
Target Mean Strength
Understanding of Normal Distribution Curve
Acceptance Criteria (As per IS-456:2000)
Acceptance criteria (As per CBC)
Mix Design Example
Mechanism of Corrosion
Process of change in pH value
Process of Carbonation
Permeability Test
Good Construction Practices
Conclusion
Role of Mineral Admixtures
READY MIX CONCRETE
Truck-mounted Drum Mixer
Types of Ready Mix Concrete
a) Transit Mixed Concrete
b) Shrink Mixed Concrete
c) Central Mixed Concrete
Advantages of RMC
SELF COMPACTING CONCRETE
Mechanism of Self Compaction
Problems in achieving self compaction
Advantages of SCC
Requirement of Admixtures
Use of Mineral Admixtures in SCC
Advantages of using fly-ash
Tests for Self Compacting Concrete
Popularity of SCC in India
Cost Comparison
VACUUM CONCRETE
Technique and Equipments
Advantages of vacuum concreting
REFERENCES
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Concrete Technology

Concrete Technology

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Published by: porukky on May 14, 2013
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09/26/2013

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