Then editions appeared in Italian, Russian, Arabic and even Japanese. No sooner had the document beenmade public than loud protests were heard coming from all sections of dispersed Israel. Writers andlecturers were recruited to deny the assertion and shatter the growing belief of a Jewish conspiracy for the political, economic and legislative dominion of the world.The method of intimidation used to suppress discussion of
has always been the same. Itconsists in suggesting that the person guilty of interest in the subject is crazy or becoming so. As theaverage mortal prefers to be thought sane by his fellow men, the trick generally works.A short review of the affray must be made. First and foremost came a strong denial made by a Jew,Lucien Wolf, who wrote the pamphlet:
The Jewish Bogey and the Forged Protocols of the Learned Eldersof Zion,
(1920). Israel Zangwill, another Jew, also wrote against the veracity of the
then,in America, followed articles by William Hard, in the
ridiculing belief in the document.More serious was the painstaking campaign undertaken against the publication of the
by thechiefs of the U. S. Kahal or Kehillah, who intimidated the editor, George H. Putnam, and forced him tostop the publication of the book by threats to call his loans and thus ruin him financially. The BeckwithCo. was eventually induced by the Jewish Anti-Defamation League to enclose in every copy of theedition they published a small pamphlet containing the denial of the contents of the
Among the Gentiles found ready to deny the truth of the
was a certain du Chayla, also aMrs. Hurlbut and the notorious Princess Catherine Radziwill who had previously reached the pinnacle of self-advertisement by having had her sentenced to a term of imprisonment in South Africa for forgery in1902. It seemed as if all the denials against the Jewish authorship of the
had been made, whenfinally in 1921 the London
made the sensational discovery through one of its correspondentsin Constantinople, a Mr. X.
of a French book which they called the
Dialogues of Geneva,
publishedanonymously at Brussels in 1865. It was this book, the
affirmed, which had been plagiarized by theauthor of the
The publication of this discovery by the
seemed to have closed all further discussion tending to prove the Jewish authenticity of the
and very little has been heard sinceon the subject.Yet, to use the words of the Zionist, Max Nordau, during his violent quarrel with another Zionist,Asher Ginzberg:
Audeatur et altera pars.
It is this other side of the story which the reader is now asked tohear. The book
The Geneva Dialogues
bears in reality the following title:
Dialoguesaux Enfers entre Machiavelli et Montesquieu.
It had been published anonymously in Brussels in 1864.The introduction ends thus: "Geneva, October 13, 1865".It was soon discovered by the police of Napoleon III that the author of the book was a certain lawyer,Maurice Joly, who was arrested, tried, and sentenced to two years' imprisonment (April 1865), as it wasaverred that he had written his book as an attack against the government of Napoleon III to which he hadlent all the Machiavelian plans revealed in the
A short sketch of the author's life is necessary in order to understand the spirit of his book.Maurice Joly (1831-1878), was born at Lons-le-Saulnier. His mother,
Florentine Corbara Courtois,was a Corsican of Italian origin and a Roman Catholic. Her father, Laurent Courtois, had been paymaster-general ofCorsica. He had an inveterate hatred of Napoleon I.Joly's father was Philipe Lambert Joly, born at Dieppe, Normandy. He had a comfortable fortune and had been attorney general for the department of Jura for a period of 10 years under Louis Philippe.Maurice Joly was educated at Dijon and began his law studies there, but in 1849 he left for Paris.