Louis HanneganAdvanced BiologyStudy Guide for Module #12March 15, 20061)a. Groups of lymphocytes and other cells which support the lymphocytes. b. Encapsulated masses of lymph tissue found along lymph vessels.c. Watery liquid formed from the interstitial fluid and found in lymph vessels.d. A buildup of excess fluid in the tissues, which can lead to swelling.e. The process by which the body protects itself from pathogenic invaders such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and foreign substances.f. Concentrations of lymphatic tissue with no clear boundaries.g. Lymphatic tissue arranged into compact, somewhat spherical structures.h. An immune response that is the same regardless of the pathogen or toxinencountered.i. An immune response targeted at a specific pathogen or toxin. j. A series of 20 plasma proteins activated by foreign cells or antibodies to thosecells. They (1) lyse bacteria, (2) promote phagocytosis, and (3) promoteinflammation.k. Proteins secreted by cells infected with a virus. These proteins stimulatenearby cells to produce virus-fighting substances.l. Chemicals which promote fever by acting on the hypothalamus.m. Immunity which comes from antibodies.n. Immunity which comes from the actions of T-lymphocytes.2.) It entered a lymph vessel.3.) Interstitial fluid into the lymph vessels by entering at a lymph capillary after it has been released by a nearby capillary. It is pumped through the lymph vessels by thecontractions of skeletal/smooth muscles as well as by the pressure changes caused by breathing.4.) Fluid balance, fat absorption, and immunological defense.5.) No. Because some lymph contains fat whereas other lymph does not.6.) The tonsils are groups of lymph nodules and diffuse lymphatic tissue. Beneath themucous membrane in the throat and/or on the back of the tongue.7.) Groups of lymphocytes in lymph nodules which are found in the last third of the smallintestine.8.) Afferent lymph vessels carry lymph into a given lymph node whereas efferent lymphvessels carry lymph out of and away from a given lymph node. There are more afferentlymph vessels.9.) To scan the lymph that is going through them for pathogens/toxins, to producelymphocytes and release them into the blood if the lymph passing through the lymphnode was infested with pathogens/toxins, and finally to clean the lymph that passesthrough them.10.) To filter the blood, to remove worn-out erythrocytes from the blood, and to serve as areservoir of oxygen-rich blood.11.) To promote the maturation of T-lymphocytes and to produce hormones, esp.thymosin.