• river current hydro generators• hydrogen [if efficiently produced with seasonal surplus energy—hydro inwinter]• alcohol [efficiently produced using seasonal surplus solar energy]Some of the above energy sources produce fuel for combustion engines, rather thanelectricity. Local energy utilities should evaluate the compatibility of producing fuelin addition to producing electricity. For some energy needs, sustainably producedhydrocarbon fuel can be substituted for electricity, thus freeing electical energy forother uses.
ADDITIONAL FACETS OF AN ENERGY PLAN FOR THE SOUTH WILLAMETTE VALLEY
Strategies should be implemented to extensively develop cooperative and small,private energy generation facilities that would contract to sell the energy theyproduce to EWEB/EPUD. This would be an extension of the arrangement in whichhome owners can establish net metering contracts with the local utility.EWEB/EPUD should provide special support in the form of, for example, capitalaccess, marketing help, research assistance, and tax incentives, to local enterprisesproducing sustainable energy generation products, energy conservation products, lowenergy appropriate technologies, etc. In viable situations, local utilities could becomeinvestors in such enterprises.Energy intensive industries should only be permitted to locate in the area if theyproduce essential goods for which there are no good substitutes.Securing building permits should be contingent on optimizing solar roof exposure forsolar water heaters and PV arrays.As the local community is likely to become increasingly stressed by rising oil costs,EWEB/EPUD should assess and promote opportunities to substitute locally generatedelectrical energy for petroleum energy. Generator aided bicycles and Gizmo typeminicars are examples of vehicles that can efficiently run on electricity, rather thanpetroleum.Surplus energy produced at peak generating times should be used to produce biofuelsor hydrogen fuels, and not marketed outside the region.Local energy utilities throughout the larger region should be publicly controlled.Where they are presently in corporate hands, they should be converted to publicutility districts.