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NCERT Book Social Science- Our Environment- Class VII

NCERT Book Social Science- Our Environment- Class VII



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Published by nikhilam.com
NCERT Book Social Science- Our Environment- Class VII
(provided by nikhilam.com in public interest)
NCERT Book Social Science- Our Environment- Class VII
(provided by nikhilam.com in public interest)

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Published by: nikhilam.com on Apr 11, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 After the long vacation, when Ravi started going to school again, he noticed that the only playground next to his school was dug up. People said that a huge building with many  flats will be constructed there. Ravi was almost in tears,when he realised that the big playground with its soft grass, marigolds and butterflies is gone for ever. He shared his feelings with his classmates. In the assembly, the Principal too sadly observed, “See how our environment is changing.” In the class Ravi asked his teacher, “What is environment?” “Whatever you see in your surroundings,” said the teacher.Ravi thought aloud, “That means, the school building,tables, chairs in the classroom, even that open field, the road, the garbage, my friends – all are parts of our environment”! “Yes” said the teacher, “but wait….. Some objects are created by nature – for example, mountains, rivers, trees,animals. Others are made by people – for example roads,cars, clothes, books”.Now work in pairs. Make a list with your classmate sitting next to you, of the creations of nature and by human beings.
Environment is our  basic life support system. It providesthe air we breath, the water we drink, thefood we eat and theland where we live.How do human beings modify thisnatural environment? The car fumes pollutethe air, water iscollected in a pot,food is served in vessels and land isused to buildfactories.Human beingsmake cars, mills,factories andmanufacturecontainers. This ishow human beingsmodify naturalenvironment.
Ravi, Paramjeet, Jessy, Mustafa, Asha were all excited about making the list. “Why is our environment changing?” asked Iqbal. “It’s all because of our needs. They are 
H  u  d  
Componentsof Environment
 A   i  r  (  A   t  m o s  p  h e  r e  )
Land(Lithosphere)Living Things(Biosphere)ParksBuildingsBridgesRoadsIndustriesMonumentsIndividualFamily Community Religion EducationalEconomicPoliticalSituation
Fig. 1.1: 
Components of Environment 
increasing day by day; we are therefore modifying and at times even destroying our natural surroundings”, the teacher replied.
From the above conversation youunderstand that the place, people, things andnature that surround any living organism iscalled
. It is a combination of natural and human made phenomena. Whilethe natural environment refers to both
 conditions existing on the earth,
The world of living organisms.e.g. plants and animals.
The world of non-living elements.e.g. land.

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