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preliminary design of steel structures

preliminary design of steel structures

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Published by Altayeb Yassin
guide for initial design
guide for initial design

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Altayeb Yassin on May 14, 2013
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11/17/2013

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Ferenc Papp
Ph.D. Dr.habil
Steel Buildings
DESIGN NOTES
Practice 1PRELIMINARY DESIGN
Written in the framework of the project TÁMOP 421.B JLK 29Reviewed byDr. Béla Ver
ő
cihonorary lecturer
 
2012 Budapest
 
Ferenc PappSteel Buildings – Preliminary design
 2
main frames with hot-rolled orwelded sectionswall beams wall bracingstiffener barswall columnsdouble trapezoidal paltes withheat isolationsecondary beam forgate framepulinswind bracing
1.1 The aim of the design task
The objective of the design task is the steel structure of a simple hall. The primary loadcarrying structural members are the frames made of hot-rolled or welded sections. Thedistances between the frames are normally equal. The secondary load carrying structuralmembers are the purlins in the roof and the wall beams in the side walls. These structuralmembers are running in perpendicular direction to the plane of the frames. The coveringtrapezoidal plates are running in the perpendicular direction to the direction of the purlins.The wall beams in the front walls are supported by the wall columns which should be locatedbelow the purlins. The gates in the front walls may be framed by secondary columns and wallbeams. The spatial stiffness of the building structure is ensured by the wind bracing systemswhich may be located at the front wall frame units and which are connected by stiffener bars,if it is needed. The described system is illustrated in the
Figure 1.1
.
 Fig.1.1
Conceptual system of the structure
1.2 The initial data for the design
The work starts with the
preliminary design
of the structure. It is based on the
initial data
 which are determined and supplied by the architectural engineer which satisfy both theappropriate building regulations and the requirements of the owner. In the case of the presentdesign project the initial data concerns to the outer surfaces of the flanges of the steel mainframes (see
Figure 1.2
):
 
Base area to be built:
A
0
 
[m
2
];
 
Horizontal distance between the flanges of the main frame:
b
[m];
 
Height of the side walls:
H
v
[m]
 
Slope of the roof:
αααα
[deg]
 
Ferenc PappSteel Buildings – Preliminary design
 3
 Fig.1.2
Initial data for the design
1.3 The theoretical parameters of the main structure
The symmetric frame structure may be fabricated from four structural members (two beamsand two columns) and these members are connected to each others at the building site usingmoment resistance end plated bolted connections at the frame corners and at the ridge point.The column bases are usually connected to the concrete bases by pined joints. Fix columnbase may be used in special cases since the cost of it may be much more. The beams made of hot-rolled or uniform welded sections may be strengthened by haunches. The haunch shouldbe short (at about 1,5 times the depth of the beam section), if it is used to ensure theconstruction of the end plated connection. Long haunch (at about 0,4 times the length of thebeam) may be used to increase the strength of the beam at about the frame corner where thebending moment has maximum. In case of relatively great span tapered structural membersmay be used. In this construction haunch is not used. The frames at the front walls might beweaker than the interval ones, but in order to keep the conditions of the extension of thebuilding, these frames should be the as strong as the interval ones.The sizes of the frame sections are determined by the
b
initial parameter (span of the frame).If the building is relatively low,
ov
15 és 5.0 b H 
α  
 and the dominant design loads are the meteorological loads, the initial depth of the framesections may be taken as the following:- depth of the beam and column sections:
5040 / b
÷
 - width of the flange of welded sections:
12080 / b
÷
 If long haunch is used the depth of the beam sections may be reduced (it is suggested).
Table 1.1
contains the suggested sizes which are based on practical experiences. The depth of the haunch can net be greater than the depth of the beam section. The width of the flange andthe thickness of the web of the haunch may be equal to those used in the beam sections, butthe flange should be thicker by 4-6 mm. The symbols of the section parameters used later areshown by the
Table 1.2
.
A
0
[m
2
]
0.0
H
v
[m]
 b
[m]
αααα
 
[deg]
 

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