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Using Your Lenses

Using Your Lenses

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Published by zambila40
Learn how to choose the lenses.
Learn how to choose the lenses.

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Published by: zambila40 on Apr 12, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/08/2013

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Choose the right lens for great results
 Advice forevery SLRenthusiast
 
Technique help
 
DIY lens care
 
Wide-angleto telephoto
 
How to judgeoptical quality
FREE WITH
P
ractical
P
ho
 
tography
 F I E L D  G U I D E 
EXPERT TIPS FORBETTER PICTURES
 
2 |
Using your lensesFree with Practical Photography
 
| 3
Contents
Welcome
 
from Practical Photography editor Andrew James
Understanding depth-of-field
22
Lenses for landscapes
24
Lenses for portraits
28
Lenses for close-ups
32
Lenses for wildlife
36
 Lens accessories
38
 Frequently asked questions
40
IF I HAD A £1 FOR every timesomeone asked me a question aboutlenses I’d have saved up enoughcash to buy that expensive 300mmf/2.8 telephoto I’ve always hankeredafter. But this isn’t a buying guide, just a simple, down-to-earthexplanation of what lenses are, whatthey do and how you can get thebest out of them. There’s no questionthat lens choice and know-how isone of the most confusing subjects,especially when you’re just startingout in creative SLR photography.Wide-angle, macro, zoom, telephoto,fast, slow... just what does it all meanand how does having a betterunderstanding of it all make you abetter photographer? You’re aboutto find out...
THIS GUIDE IS BROUGHTTO YOU BY...
Using Your Lenses
is brought to you by the
Practical Photography 
team and is publishedby EMAP Active.No part of this booklet can be reproducedwithout the publisher’s permission.
For more information about
Practical Photography 
visit:
www.practicalphotography.co.uk
A macro lens, a sheetof white card in thebackground and gentlewindow light helpedcreate this pet portrait.
 
Lens basicsLens techniquesLens extras
Anatomy of a lens
5
How lenses can improve your photos
6
What is focal length?
8
Lens aperture explained
10
Get the best from your lenses
12
What do you need in your bag?
16
Caring for your lens
18
“This isn’t a buyingguide, just a simple,down-to-earthexplanation of whatlenses are, what theydo & how you can getthe best out of them.”
 
?? |
Using your digital SLR
 
| 5
Familiarise yourself with your lenses’ basic layout and get togrips with every ring, number and removable component.
LENS HOOD
This helps prevents flareand ghosting and generallyprotects the lens elements.It’s usually removable forstorage and fitting filters.
FOCUS RING
When focusing manuallyturn this ring whilelooking through theviewfinder to set thefocus. Avoid using thisring on most lenseswhile the autofocus (AF)mode is selected.
DISTANCE SCALE
Indicates how far awayyou are from your chosenpoint of focus (in bothmetric and imperialmeasurements), from thenearest possible focusingdistance through toinfinity, indicated by
.
ZOOM RING
All zoom lenses, fromthe widest fisheyes tothe longest telephotos,have zoom rings thatallow you to movethrough the lens’ entirefocal range. Modernzooms have rubberisedzoom rings.
APERTURE RING
A throwback to manual-everything days with thetraditional scale readingfrom f/2.8 through tof/22, though this will vary.Many modern lenses don’thave this function asaperture is controlled viathe camera body.
LENS MOUNT
Most mounts are madefrom various types ofmetal (cheaper modelssometimes opt for plastic)and feature correspondingdots that indicate how toline up lens and camerabody. Treat the mountwith care.
 G  U  D W D  S 
Anatomy of a lens
 
Lens basics
To get the very best from your opticsyou need to know which to use, whenand how. Let’s start by taking a look atlens types, focal length and sharpness.
USING YOUR LENSES
ALSO LOOK OUT FOR...
You’ll also find the filter thread size marked either on the side of the lens oron the front of the filter thread itself. Look out for the
ø
 
symbol followed by anumber. If, for example, your lens is marked with
ø
77 then you know that is thefilter size you need to quote if you buy a skylight filter to protect the front element.Also on the side of most lenses is a button that allows you to switch betweenautofocus (AF) and manual focus (MF), which is when you would use the focus ring.

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