ABSTRACTNUMERICAL S-PARAMETER EXTRACTION ANDCHARACTERIZATION OF INHOMOGENEOUSLY FILLEDWAVEGUIDES
ByPedro BarbaA numerical tool based on the ﬁnite element method (FEM) is developed in orderto assess the parameter uncertainty vulnerability in a novel inversion algorithm toextract the electromagnetic constitutive parameters from a material sample. Thisinversion algorithm relies heavily on the assumption, when having the cross-sectionof the testing waveguide partially ﬁlled, that the material sample has to be perfectlycentered. In the present work, the eﬀect of having the material sample displaced fromthe center is measured by comparing its extracted constitutive parameters (
) withthe values corresponding to the perfectly centered case. The ﬁnite element methodformulation presented here, can also be used to provide the theoretical data (thatotherwise would have to be obtained via traditional mode matching techniques orthe hybrid mode decomposition), required for the inversion algorithms correspondingto non-regular samples. The results of this work identify some of the cases in whicherrors are originated from the sample preparation or from the measurement techniqueutilized. This information is used to identify the band of frequencies in which theerror in the inversion algorithm can be minimized. The numerical method is furtherextended to investigate the behavior of waveguides loaded with layered as well asanisotropic materials.